Many people have been involved in agriculture throughout their lives. They grow vegetables not only for their own consumption, but also for sale. Therefore, it is very important for them that the variety of cultivated products is of high quality and is characterized by high yields. This type of vegetable includes the Dwarf tomato.
- Characteristic of the variety
- Description of the plant
- Description of the fruit
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Growing rules
- Care <
- Diseases and pests
Characteristics of the variety
Tomatoes of the Gnome tomato series appeared in the early 2000s. The main breeders who were involved in the development were specialists from the USA and Australia Literally 13 years later, more precisely in 2013, this variety was slightly improved by Russian breeders.
Gnome tomatoes were added to the National Register of the Russian Federation in 2014. A new variety of the same series was bred for the CIS countries, which had a larger shape and had a cylindrical shape.
Tomato gnome is distinguished by its high productivity. In addition, its harvest does not depend on climatic conditions and can show its best qualities in cold conditions. That is, it is ideal for planting in Russia.
Description of the plant
A new variety of tomato Gnome is distinguished by its early maturity. Its growing season is only 90-100 days from the appearance of the first seedlings.He is not whimsical to climatic conditions. This type of tomato is determinant and can be grown in a greenhouse or open ground.
There is also a non-standard bush, the height of which does not exceed the mark of 50-60 cm. The bush does not have to be planted. The foliage is quite ordinary and has a medium size characteristic. The description says that the foliage has a dark saturated shade of green and has a glossy surface. The inflorescence is presented in standard form.
Description of the fruit
Description and characteristics of the tomato variety Gnome indicate that the fruits are presented in round shape. Their surface is smooth, and has a rich shade of red. A bit they resemble the purple heart variety. The weight of the ripened fruit is about 50-60 g. The taste is saturated, despite the fact that this new variety belongs to early ripening species, because all gardeners know that early varieties do not have a rich taste, since the fruits do not have time to fill with all the nutrients. Productivity of the species is quite high. If you correctly follow all the rules of planting and growing, then from 1 m2 it is really possible to collect about 6 kg of selected tomatoes.
Due to their characteristics of taste and appearance, these tomatoes are used in all areas of human activity. They can be consumed fresh or prepared from them salads. They are also ideal for canning and pickling.
Advantages and disadvantages
Description and characteristics of the variety indicate that this species has a large number of positive qualities. The main advantages include the following indicators:
- a high level of resistance to most diseases;
- versatility in use and preparation;
- a large indicator of unpretentiousness to climatic conditions ;
- the ability to transport over long distances;
- with long-term storage, the fruits do not lose their original appearance;
- excellent taste and appearance.
We can safely say that the tomatoes of the Gnome series have no shortcomings.
This species is grown according to the same principle as and purple heart. The cultivation of this variety is that the seeds are not used for planting in open ground. It is important to plant only seedlings. Therefore, in early March, tomato seeds should be planted in special containers located in the greenhouse. The seed planting depth should not exceed 1.5 cm.
After the appearance of the first seedlings, it is recommended to count 60 days. It is during this period of time that planting in open ground should be carried out.Landing should be carried out at a time when there are no bright sunlight on the street. The ideal time is cloudy weather, or the evening time of a summer day. Due to the fact that the bushes do not have large dimensions, they can be planted 6 pcs per 1 m2. Between the rows should keep a distance of 30-35 cm.
Caring for this type of tomato is standard and does not require special forces and skills. Every two weeks, special dressings should be applied, which include both organic and mineral substances. As organics, litter, humus or wood ash is used. But mineral fertilizers should have a high concentration of potassium and phosphorus.
Watering should be used drip, because it allows moisture to penetrate into the soil and does not cause an excess of moisture. Watering should be carried out exclusively with warm water. Also, do not forget about regular loosening of the soil, removal of all weeds and weeding of beds.
Diseases and pests
Due to the fact that this species has a high resistance to most common diseases, special care for it is not required. Therefore, preventive measures are not necessary.
The only thing that can affect this species is the Colorado beetle. In the fight against it, it is customary to use insecticides. For example, Regent, Fofatox or Taboo are often used.
Due to the fact that the tomato variety Gnome does not require special care, it is ideal for beginners in the field Agriculture. He is also very fond of specialized agronomists who grow vegetables for sale.If the care requirements are met correctly, then you can achieve the ideal characteristics of the crop and taste quality. Tomatoes from the famous Dwarfs series are ideal for every breeder.