Today, hardly anyone can be surprised with a blooming orchid – many growers have learned to successfully grow this tropical miracle, and shops regularly delight customers with new varieties and species of this plant. And now not only phalaenopsis – the most popular and almost the only once orchids, but also dendrobiums, cymbidiums, pafiopedilum and many other varieties decorate our homes, apartments and offices.
An orchid needs to be provided with the right conditions and care
What conditions do you need to create an orchid in the house?
When buying a blooming orchid, lovers of exotic plants ask themselves – will it bloom just as well at home and should we expect it to bloom again? Everything will be – and grow, and bloom, and delight for many years, but on one condition. The orchid needs to be provided with the right conditions and care.
As for any indoor plants, for an orchid, you should initially try to create conditions suitable for growth and development. Adequate lighting, air humidity and temperature, and a special substrate are the main points to pay attention to.
Many orchids, in particular – Phalaenopsis, in nature are epiphytic plants, that is, they do not grow in the soil, but by attaching aerial roots to the trunks and branches of other plants. Such specimens feed on the roots, which extract all the necessary substances from the crevices of the bark, where organic debris accumulates. The roots of such orchids are green, as they participate in photosynthesis.
When growing, you need to take this feature into account – the pot must be transparent and have good drainage holes not only at the bottom, but also on the walls. Instead of soil, a substrate is prepared from bark, moss, vermiculite, which fills the space between the roots.
As for lighting, you need to consider where orchids grow in nature – in hot sunny regions, but in the diffused shade of trees. Orchids do not tolerate direct sunlight on leaves and flowers. Place them on the western windowsill or near the “south” window inside the room. Orchids will probably lack light on the east and north windows.
Indoor orchid care
Despite the sophistication and beauty of the flowers, caring for an orchid is not an insurmountable task. The orchid is a flowering plant, and some species bloom for quite a long time, from several weeks to several months. Proper watering, optimal humidity and regular feeding – that’s all you need to provide an orchid in the house for long flowering.
Water the orchid only with warm, settled water. Chlorine-laden tap water can kill the plant. In order not to overflow the orchid, and to water it to its fullest, it is best to remove the plant from the pot when watering and place it in water for half an hour. The orchid will take as much water as it needs.
The optimum air humidity for the well-being of the orchid is 40-60%. To increase humidity, in the warm season, the space around the flowers is sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle. In this case, you need to ensure that the water does not stagnate in the depths of the leaves. With a decrease in the air temperature in the room, spraying orchids should be stopped.
It is very important in caring for orchids to provide them with a permanent place in the house. Simply put – do not transfer!
And in order to give the plants all the vital nutrients, it is necessary to regularly fertilize. Orchids are fed throughout the year, excluding the dormant period – the time when the plant rests from flowering and gains new strength.
What is the best way to feed an orchid?
“Aminosol for orchids” is the best fertilizer for their flowering
For top dressing, it is best to use special fertilizers for orchids. Firm “August” offers a liquid organic fertilizer from animal products with a full set of amino acids – “Aminosol for Orchids”.
This unique preparation, created according to the formula of German manufacturers (Lebozol Dünger GmbH), can be used for both root and foliar dressing.
“Aminosol for Orchids” contains a number of organic components, thanks to which plants easily assimilate all the substances necessary for growth and flowering. The fertilizer contains more than 20 linked amino acids of animal origin, which provide the following processes in the life of orchids:
• regulation of phytohormone synthesis;
• plant growth and continuous flowering of orchids;
• high decorative quality of flowers;
• correct cell division and development of the root system;
• resistance to stress and good immunity.
How to use “Aminosol for Orchids”
“Aminosol for Orchids” is very easy to use. For root and foliar dressings, the working solution is prepared in the same way – 5 ml of the drug is diluted in 2 liters of water. From March to October, feeding is carried out 1 time in 7-10 days, from October to March 1 time per month.
Taking into account the peculiarities of the substrate for orchids, root dressing is best done by immersion – dilute the drug in a container slightly larger than the pot and put the container with the flower in the fertilizer solution for 20-30 minutes. After the procedure, put the pot on a wire rack or napkin so that all excess liquid is glass, and you can put it back in place. With this method, the roots of the plant are guaranteed to receive all the necessary elements.
For foliar dressing, the solution is poured into a spray bottle or sprayer and the orchid leaves are moistened, preventing the solution from getting on the flowers.
The beauty and longevity of orchids, the rich color of the petals and the abundance of buds depend on careful and thoughtful care. Applying “Aminosol for Orchids” can also influence the flowering time – your orchids will bloom earlier and bloom longer!