Master Gray chickens belong to the meat-egg breeds, which are most convenient to breed in private courtyards. This Cross was bred at the experimental farms of the Hubbard company, which has been creating new chicken branches for more than a century, and then Curry Master Gray acquired Russia. Breeding countries – USA and France. In France, they are sometimes called the “Master Grizz”. Roosters and hens differ not only in good productivity, but also in their beautiful appearance.This can be easily verified by examining the birds in the photo or their description. Have chickens Master Gray positive reviews. The only drawback is that when crossing, full-fledged crosses of the breed are not obtained.>
- Description of the breed
- Product specification
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Features of the content
- Feeding birds
- Growing chickens
Description of the breed
Chickens of the breed Master Gray were bred crossing. This is not a full breed, but a cross. It is impossible to obtain offspring that would fully comply with the standard at home, so you need to buy chickens at serious poultry farms. so there is a guarantee that a real representative of the cross is acquired.
There are two lines of this cross: M and S (almost like in the pattern of clothes). Cross Master Gray M received from crossing chickens Red bro M with cockerels Master Gray. Cross Master Gray S – by mating Red Bro S chickens with Master Gray cocks. All Red differ in speed of weight gain.
The Cross Master Gray breed has very beautiful plumage of hens, which looks great in photos and videos. It is called pockmarked, motley, gray or shell. The basic tone is grayish, which is randomly interwoven with white feathers. The pattern is clearly expressed in the neck, on the tips of the wings and on the tail. In the body area, the pattern almost disappears, white and gray colors merge with each other.
Characteristics of the chickens Master Gray and description of the appearance are as follows:
- the head is average, with a large, curved hook-shaped beak ;
- the scallop is leaf-shaped, with pronounced denticles;
- the earrings are round;
- the color of the scallops and earrings is bright red;
- the neck is average, densely covered with feathers;
- the body is large, but quite compact;
- the body is muscular and massive;
- the back is expanded;
- the breast is well developed muscles flock;
- paws are powerful, medium in length, with yellow metatarsus.
You can consider in more detail how Master Gray looks in the photo. These large roosters and hens are not only very productive, they can become an ornament of any yard, almost like the Sunday breed Ameraukan . No wonder the birds consistently receive positive feedback from their owners. Saturated color of a proud scallop silk chintz feathers strong body real beauties and beauties.
The task of the breeders when creating the Master Gray breed was to connect high egg productivity of laying hens with a large body weight of hens and good meat quality. As a result, we managed to do it, the product characteristic of the cross is as follows:
- the weight of the roosters is 6-7 kg, the weight of the hens is 3-4 kg;
- the egg production is 200-300 pieces of eggs per year;
- egg weighs 60-70 g;
- eggshell cream or brown;
- the survival rate of small chickens is 98%.
Master Gray cross hens begin to lay their eggs as early as 4-4.5 months, like the best egg breeds. The productivity of chickens may fall 7-8 months after birth, due to molting , but after a couple of weeks it resumes. The meat is juicy, soft and tender, with an original taste, excellent aroma and very low fat content.
Advantages and disadvantages
The breed of meat-egg chickens of cross-country is quite popular. It is valued for a number of advantages.The advantages of cross-country include:
- endurance both to cold and heat, life in any conditions;
- strong immune system;
- unpretentiousness in food standard feeding, has excellent performance even on regular feeds;
- undemanding to the conditions of detention;
- beautiful appearance, it can be estimated from the photo;
- calm, unobtrusive temper , benevolence;
- universal food qualities;
- developed maternal instinct for hens.
The main disadvantage of the Master Gray breed is impossibility Breeding chickens on their own at home. It is corrected by the fact that young growth is not too expensive. In addition, hens can be used to hatch eggs of other birds, they are good mothers, for example, Adler . Chicks gain weight more slowly than broilers, but Master Gray chickens produce not only meat, but also a large number of eggs, therefore their breeding and caring for them remain profitable.
Master Gray – the breed of hens is unpretentious, she does not need special care. For her, both cellular and walking content are acceptable. Birds feel great at temperatures from 2 to 28 ° C, so for the winter the house should be insulated so that there are no drafts.But additional heating, if there is not too much frost in the winter, the breed does not need it, although some poultry farmers claim that heating can maintain egg production in winter and why freeze animals.
It is important to remember that this is a large breed chickens, because they need to allocate more area. On 1 m of the chicken coop it is impossible to contain more than 2 individuals. Accordingly, it is necessary to calculate the area for walking. For one chicken or cockerel, 3-4 meters of the pen should be allocated. In cages, the accuracy of birds can be greater: up to 3-4 individuals per 1 square. m.
The nests for the testicles must also be large, in accordance with the growth of hens. The optimum size is 35 × 40 cm. The litter is made standard, from peat, straw, sawdust or shavings. It is important to ensure that its humidity does not exceed 25%, and that the material is not contaminated too much and does not contaminate the eggs. If this rule is not followed, the bird will begin to hurt. Be sure to put sand and wood ash containers in the chicken coop and paddock so that chickens can clean their feathers. Also needed are feeders , separate for dry and wet food, drinking bowls.
Feeding Master Gray chickens is not difficult. They do not require special additives like broilers. On the contrary, if you feed the birds with compound feed for broiler breeds , they will cease to normally run, although they will gain weight faster.The diet of roosters and hens includes a number of products, which include:
- cereals (wheat, barley, oats, corn);
- green feeds (fresh greens, tops or grass flour );
- vegetables (boiled potatoes, carrots, beets, squash, pumpkin);
- oilseed meal;
- wheat bran;
- brewer’s yeast;
- fish and meat and bone meal;
- mineral additives (chalk, salt, crushed shells and shells).
In the period molting can increase the amount of protein in the diet due to legumes, skim milk and meat broths. In spring, layers can be given premixes to increase the number of eggs. There is no need for permanent vitamin supplements. There should always be fresh water in the drinkers. Containers filled with small pebbles of shell rock or coarse sand should be placed next to the feeders to improve grinding of grain in the goiter and for the strength of the shell.
Since Master Gray chickens are cross-breed, it is impossible to get clean offspring at home. Master Gray chickens in the photo and video are very beautiful although they will not completely repeat the signs of parents.Experienced poultry farmers advise buying young animals at large poultry farms to be sure of the quality of the breed.In the photo, purebred chicks look quite specific.They have a bright yellow plumage with clear black little dots on the back of the head.
Feeding and keeping small chickens not difficult. They do not need special food. If you want to get not only meat but also eggs from chickens, you should not feed chickens with broiler feed.The average increase in mass of chickens by day (in varieties M and S) looks like this:
- 14 – 299-305 g;
- 21 – 565-576 g;
- 28 – 884-902 g;
- 35 – 1233-1258 g;
- 42 – 1588-1621 g;
- 49 – 1925-1963 g;
- 56 – 2243-2287 g;
- 63 – 2537-2585 g.
The cost of feed during the cultivation per 1 kilogram of weight varies from 1.5 kg to 2.3 kg, depending on age. As you can see, Master Gray chickens grow quite quickly, although this is not the best mass gain, it is inferior to broilers. This helps the breed maintain a leading position in private households in Europe and America. Master Gray is winning the breed of chickens and his popularity in Russia. A high standard of production makes breeding and keeping these chickens profitable. Often they are used for the production of environmentally friendly products.
How much does the hatching egg and Master Gray chickens cost? The price of an egg is about 50 rubles. Daily chickens are sold for 100-150 rubles, weekly chickens for 150-200 rubles. There is no point in buying adult chickens, as they cannot be bred on their own. It’s easier to buy chickens or hatching eggs.