The chickens of the Spaniard Golosheyka attract the attention of poultry houses and ordinary inhabitants by their completely naked neck. In the photo and video, the bird looks very original, and for the few farmers, among whom it gained popularity, Ipanka became a source of homemade eggs and chicken meat.
- About the open breed
- Exterior features of the nappies
- Productivity numbers
- Breeding conditions and reviews of the houses
- Feed ration
- Indoor climate
- Breeding <
- Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
About the naked breed
Goulash chicken in Spanish territory is one of the most common four that are They are called the Spanish breed of chickens. In addition to the cocks, they include Minorca , Belolitsaya and Golubaya Andaluzskaya . Spanish Minorca has been bred for more than a century. Characteristics of Belolitsa are similar to Minorca, they are often confused in the photo. Andalusian from Minorca and Belolitsa differs in a blue color.
Golosheya in Russia has appeared, thanks to Hungarians and Romanians. Initially, the goloshechnye Hispanics were called Transylvanian. In Hungary and Romania, representatives of the breed are often called the Semigrad Golosheyka, since the place is called Semigradier.
In many poultry houses, the absence of plumage on the neck of individuals of this species is associated with defects, because in the domestic agricultural poultry farming this breed is not particularly common, being more decorative than the domestic egg-meat direction.
Some experts believe that the birds from Spain received a naked neck due to the dominant gene transmitted through generations, which may be responsible for the absence of feather follicles in chickens. The unevenness of the feather coating in the chickens is laid in the embryonic period, they are born naked, and this can be seen in the photo. The absence of plumage is steadily transmitted to the younger generation even when crossed with other breeds .
Features of the exterior of the nappies
The name of the Spanish breed of hens more than ever indicates the most distinctive feature in Description of the appearance of poultry. The cervical region and goiter of these hens are completely devoid of plumage. Over time, the younger generation of the skin on these featherless areas coarsens under the influence of the environment, skin folds and redness appear there. In the process of molting in naked chickens, the upper skin is renewed.
However, on the head and in front of the cervical part of the Spanish chickens there is plumage in the form of a cap and a bow, respectively.
Many in the description of the appearance of a Spanish-born chicken with a bare neck see a neck, others compare pets with turkeys.
At the same time, some other parts of the Spanish woman’s body are not covered:
- without a pen, there were small triangle-shaped sections in the inner region of the legs,
- not covered by the area under the wing.
The presence of plumageless plots, called apteria, – a characteristic feature that meets the standard of the described individuals. The larger their number, the closer to the standard. The description of the breed Spaniard Golosheyka also includes other distinguishing features that distinguish them from other chicken representatives:
- short stature and rectangular constitution of physique with a slight elevation of the body and a rounded chest,
- well-developed muscles,
- wings not closely adjoining the body, slightly lowered down,
- short yellow or gray legs,
- of small size located at a 15-degree angle in relation to the body, a fluffy tail composed of large pigtails.
The color of the plumage of hens rocks of the Spanish Golosheyka can be diverse: dark (black or brown), light (white or with streaks).
Among the shortcomings that are not allowed for representatives of the breed:
- dark iris, which should be orange-red,
- black front part,
- white earrings, acceptable color for them is red,
- the presence of feathers in the neck and on the inside of the legs,
- yellow tint of the skin in places without plumage , they must be red.
Spaniards Golosheyki’s chickens are not only similar in appearance. In terms of taste, their meat also resembles turkey – juicy and tender.
They begin to bring eggs of laying hens of the nappies breed from about six months of age with a frequency of once every 2-3 days. Initially, in the first year, the egg production is on average about 180 pieces, but the number in the second year is reduced to 150 eggs. Each egg with a brown shell weighs 55-60 g.
The breed of chickens of the Spaniard Golosheika is characterized by rather high survival rates of young birds, reaching 94%.
As for the number obtained from the breed of Spanish meat, the weight of an adult naked broiler rooster is from 3 to 3.5 kg. Bare-necked hens weigh a little less – from 2 to 2.5 kg.
In most countries, chicken-necked breeds are used as the genetic basis.
Poultry breeding conditions and reviews
The conditions for keeping, feeding and caring for the breed of naked hens do not differ much from the rules for breeding other farm birds.
In order to provide the birds with useful substances necessary for growth and development, the feed diet of birds should include the usual cereal crops, vegetables and bone meal . In addition, eggshells and chalk, especially chickens, can be included in the diet for calcium to enter the body. To normalize the digestive processes, many poultry houses add sand to the feed.
The lack of plumage on some parts of the body of Hispanic Golosheek chickens does not affect their ability to tolerate cold. Their inherent natural resistance of the body allows birds to withstand temperatures up to 0 ° C, but the most optimal temperature regime for them will be 12-15 ° C. The absence of drafts and proper humidity will allow keeping chickens without diseases.
In the process of breeding cocks, you need to remember that you driven artificially in incubators , because the cocks do not seek to hatch offspring. Growing and feeding Spanish chickens is similar to caring for chickens of other breeds.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Testimonials of poultry houses that have Spanish chickens in their households highlight the picky nature of birds in both nutrition and maintenance. By the nature of the breed, the Hispanic Golosheek breed is docile and lively with other poultry. Among the shortcomings of the breed is only an unattractive appearance, so not everyone is in a hurry to buy such a bird for their farm.