Capers are the buds of a herbaceous or shrub
plants of the species Capparis spinosa of the caper family,
common in the arid regions of the Mediterranean,
in Asia, India, North Africa, North America. IN
Dagestan uses its wild species. Distributed
capers also in the Caucasus and Crimea, where they grow on
barren shale rocks from Alushta to Sudak and Feodosia.
Prickly (Capparis spinosa L.) perennial shrub
throws out creeping branches the length of which reaches
150 cm.His leaves are light green, as if covered
waxed, solid, elliptical, petiolate. Blooms with
May to October. The flowers are single, of the rarest beauty,
open in the morning and close by noon. Of the whites
with a pink tinge of flowers on long stems stretch
long lilac filaments. Oval fruit
shape, fleshy, green. They contain many
kidney-shaped brown seeds.
It is very important to pick the buds on time – before they reach large
sizes and did not begin to bloom.
The most valuable buds are small, round and firm. The capers are washed
dried in the sun, and then put in jars and canned
in salt, vinegar brine or in salt dissolved in vegetable
oil. Thanks to this, they acquire sour-salty, slightly spicy
taste. They go well with cold appetizers, hodgepodge and second
meat and fish dishes.
They are often added to a variety of sauces, including mayonnaise.
Capers are a low-calorie and dietary product containing
14 kcal per 100 g fresh product. Calorie content of canned
capers – 23 kcal per 100 g of product. They are shown for use.
everyone, including obese people.
Nutritional value per 100 grams:
Proteins, g Fats, g Carbohydrates, g Ash, g Water, g Caloric value, kcal 0,8 0,1 2,5 0,1 85 14
Useful properties of capers
Young shoots, flower buds and
Capers contain the alkaloid capparidine; honey bear.
In fruits up to 12% sugars, up to 0,32% rutin, up to 136 mg%
ascorbic acid, thioglycosides, steroid saponins,
enzyme myrosin, red pigment, iodine.
In the buds 21-29% protein, 3-4,6% fat, 0,32%
rutin, up to 150 mg% vitamin C, essential oil, pectin.
Seeds contain up to 18% protein and 26-36% semi-drying fat
Capers have been used since ancient times as a means,
reducing pressure. Caper bark or dry powder
from it, or a decoction is applied to suppuration and for a long time
non-healing wounds and ulcers, wash them with infusion: 2
teaspoons of crushed dry caper root bark
pour 250 ml of water, then cook for 15 minutes on a small
heat, allow to cool, then filter. It’s believed that
this infusion will also help relieve toothache. Another decoction
cortex is used for neuroses, hysteria.
Dangerous properties of capers
Do not consume in large quantities, as capers can
cause a feeling of nausea and flatulence.
It is not recommended to use capers in case of hypotension, constipation.
and increased sexual excitability, as they can provoke
exacerbation of these diseases.
In addition, capers are allergenic and also have a high
sodium concentration in its composition, therefore they are contraindicated
during pregnancy and individual intolerance.
And highlight how capers grow and bloom beautifully? Some even confuse them with orchids.