Due to its positive qualities, Beijing cabbage Manoko F1 has long been in demand in the agricultural production market. This is an early ripe hybrid for cultivation throughout the sowing season. The seed producer is the Dutch company Bejo Zaden (Netherlands).
- Description <
- Application <
- Sowing and seed treatment
- Lighting <
- Temperature and watering
- Watering after plantings
- Fertilizer <
- Diseases and pests
Manoko hybrid has a short growing season – 45-48 days with Enta appearance of the first shoots. The yield is 60 tonnes / ha. Chinese cabbage resistant to bolting and flowering, which lead to lower quality of vegetable, is resistant to Fusarium wilt and browning of leaves. Thanks to a strong root structure, cabbage brings great heat-resistant summer days. During storage, it does not lose its presentation and weight, tolerates transportation, has a high content of nutrients.
The leaves of cabbage are wide, oval, medium in size and green colors. Leaf vein white, flat, wide, dense at the base. Leaf rosette vertical, loose. The fruits are medium, weighing 800-1500 g. The presentation of the fruit is attractive.
Description of the head:
- the shape is cylindrical, elongated;
- the density is medium;
- the color is light green with a light green tint;
- the color on the cut is light yellow;
- the inner stoker is short.
Manoko is dietary vegetable for the preparation of vitamin salads. It is low-calorie: in 100 g of the product no more than 14 kcal. It contains a lot of useful trace elements: potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, iron, iodine and zinc. Recommended for use with hypertension and hypotension (stabilizes blood pressure); depression and nervous breakdowns; arthritis, rheumatism.
When growing Manoko F1 varieties, seedling and seedling methods are used. The hybrid is resistant to cold, seeds can germinate at low temperatures (4 ° C), but for good and rapid development, the optimum temperature should be 15-20 ° C, therefore, for the first spring cultivation, seeds are sown for seedlings.
Sowing and seed treatment
Sowing is carried out 2 times per season: in spring and summer. The first sowing – April 1-10; transplanting seedlings into the ground – the first decade of May. The second – from June 20 to July 1; planting – from mid-July.
Before sowing, the seeds are processed: dipped in hot water (50 ° C) for 20 minutes, you can use a thermos, and then transfer to cold water for 5 minutes.
Soil for seedlings is chosen loose, for this they use peat, turfy soil and humus. The hybrid is poorly restored after a pick, so the seeds are planted in a separate container. Peat tablets, pots and cassettes are great.
Seed containers should be stored in a dark, warm place until germination. After the appearance of the first seedlings, seedlings are provided with regular lighting for 10-14 hours. To do this, use phytolamps.
Temperature and watering
The first 2 weeks after germination, the air temperature should not exceed 7-8 ° C. After this period, the temperature is increased to 15-18 ° C. Water for irrigation is used at room temperature. Watered as necessary, do not allow drying or waterlogging of the soil. In the spring, a week before planting, the seedlings harden: they are taken out to fresh air, increasing the time spent on the street every day.
The soil for the seedlings must be fertile, moderately moist (ideal moisture content – 70%). Good predecessors are pumpkin, bean and grain crops, onions, garlic, green manure. It is not recommended to grow after beets, tomatoes and all cruciferous, cabbage relatives, since they have common diseases. The transplant takes place according to the scheme 60 x 40 cm.
Watering after planting
For Manoko cabbage, you need regular plentiful watering every 5 days, early in the morning or in the evening, after sunset. Water should be settled and warm. When watering, it is undesirable to allow water to fall on the leaves, they pour only under the roots. To keep moisture longer, the bed is mulched. In this case, loosening the soil and harvesting the weeds will not be necessary so often.
Cabbage planted in the spring is fertilized 3 times over the entire vegetative period. For a second landing in the summer, 2 times is enough. For root dressing, solutions of mullein, chicken droppings or fertilizers based on N, P, K (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) are used. During the ripening of heads of cabbage, the plants are sprayed with a solution of water (10 l) and boric acid (2 g). All feeding is carried out in the evening.
Diseases and pests
Manoko is immune to Fusarium wilt.
One of the most dangerous insects for Chinese cabbage is:
- cruciferous flea, black, wavy;
- cabbage moth, fly, bug;
- winter scoop, garden;
- white ;
In the fight against pests, insecticides are used for arachnid species of insects-insect acaricides. Processing is carried out several times.
Diseases that affect cruciferous plants: vascular bacteriosis, tracheomycosis, mosaic, phomosis (dry rot), white rot, downy mildew. For fungal diseases, the following solutions are used: Topaz, Quadris, Skorum, etc. Vegetables with viral diseases cannot be treated – they are removed (burned).
Species of Beijing cabbage Manoko F1 has a short ripening period, is unpretentious in leaving, has a high yield. It is a dietary and healthy product, suitable for growing for sale and home use.