White cabbage Cossack belongs to the early varieties. Farmers fell in love with this species for its unpretentiousness and high productivity. The fruits have excellent taste. The culture adapts well to different climatic conditions.
- Characteristic of the variety
- Description of the head
- Adult plants
- Diseases and pests
- Conclusion <
Characteristics of the variety
According to the description, full Cabbage ripening Cossack occurs 95-110 days after the emergence of mass seedlings. transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, then for 45-55 days. Dates depend on the region in which the variety is cultivated. There is the possibility of mechanized processing. Harvest can be harvested in a short time, because the fruits ripen together. Under good weather conditions, this occurs in early July. With 1 sq. m receive from 8 to 10 kg of cabbage. The variety is frost-resistant: it can withstand temperatures up to -5 ° C.
Description of the head
The leaf rosette is half-raised. Their number ranges from 16 to 21 pieces. The dimensions of the head are 55.4-67.4 cm in diameter, 21.2-28.0 cm in height. They are short, sessile, rounded in shape. The color is dark green with a characteristic blue tint and a waxy coating. The leaf plate is coarse, the edge is slightly wavy, the nerve is weak, of medium density.The upper leaves are smooth, without anthocyanin plaque.
The head of cabbage is round, dense. Weight is 0.8-1.2 kg. Height – 15-17 cm. The color of the vegetable is green, on the cut is white with a yellow tint. The outer poker is 8-10 cm long, the inner is 6 cm. Cabbage Kazachok F1 is juicy and sweet, even when not ripened. The fruits do not crack.
Possess such a chemical composition (per 100 g):
- 7.2% of dry matter;
- 4.2% of total sugar;
- 42.9 mg of ascorbic acid;
- 0.8-1.3% protein.
The vegetable has resistance to decay and does not lose tastes during storage. It also has an excellent presentation, can be transported, so you can profitably realize the fruits on the market. Early varieties are consumed exclusively in fresh form, since they are unsuitable for pickling and pickling.
Cabbage Cossack is typical for seedling cultivation. To achieve a high yield, it is first necessary to organize optimal conditions for seedlings, and then adult plants.
Sprouts need to be provided with the appropriate temperature. After emergence, they are thinned out. Then, throughout the week, the temperature is maintained at 6-7 ° C, otherwise the seedlings will be very long and will be weak. After that adhere to the indicators of 15 ° C during the day and 12 ° C at night.
It is worth organizing good lighting for the culture. To increase it, seedlings are picked in phase 2 of these leaves.This procedure helps strengthen the root system. In April, when daylight hours are short, seedlings provide additional lighting with lamps.
Watering is done as the topsoil dries up. Cossack F1 does not accept excessive moisture. Water temperature for irrigation should be more than 18-20 ° С. The implementation of these recommendations prevents the development of the black leg.
The culture likes timely hydration and warmth.
Watering rules for cabbage:
- During head formation, when the vegetable is in the phase of active growth, a plentiful amount of water is added every 2-3 days.
- After setting the fruit, watering is reduced.
- One month before harvesting, the soil moisturize once every 7-10 days, and in 2 weeks the procedure is perfect grow completely.
Water in the evening, then the moisture does not evaporate quickly. To do this, take warm water. Its amount is significantly increased in hot weather, because plants do not tolerate high temperatures. This is a significant drawback of the early cabbage Cossack: in the heat, it slows down growth. The head of cabbage may not start at all, so you should not grow a crop in the southern regions.
After each watering, the soil is loosened.This provides oxygen access to the root system, on which its health and power depend. Also, every 2 weeks produce hilling of plants. The procedure promotes the development of lateral roots. White cabbage receives additional nutrition.
Plants can be mulched with peat, humus. It is worth regularly removing weeds that take on a lot of nutrients. They also create favorable conditions for the development of pathogens and obscure plantings.
To achieve high yields, fertilize cabbage. Top dressing is applied in 3 stages:
- 2 weeks after transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, mullein infusion is used. To prepare it, take 10 l of water per 1 kg of the substance.
- 2 weeks after the first top dressing, fertilize with the same product.
- Urea is used during heading. To do this, add 10 g of the drug to 10 liters of water.
Diseases and pests
Cossack F1 has high immunity to the black leg and mucous bacteriosis, as well as relative resistance to vascular bacteriosis and keel.
According to the description, such diseases are often affected by culture:
- downy mildew;
- gray and white rot;
- fusarium wilting.
To prevent them, plants are treated with fungicides and insecticides. Spraying is done every 10-12 days.You can use drugs such as Prestige, Impact, Zoltan, Commander Maxi. For this purpose, an iodine solution is used (40 drops of a substance per 10 liters of water). 0.5 l of liquid is poured under each plant. This tool also acts as a top dressing.
Copper-containing substances are used in the fight against diseases. It can be Bordeaux liquid, bankcol, phosbecide. The use of the drug “Fitosporin-M” is not dangerous for humans.
Often cabbage is invaded by aphids and cruciferous fleas. You can fight them with the help of folk remedies.
- 2 l of water is mixed with 400 g of tobacco dust;
- filtered, add 50 g of ground soap;
- add 10 l of water.
You can get rid of pests by dusting the culture with mustard, ground pepper. Also use the drug Fitoverm. Against traps and baits make parasitic parasites on cabbage. The site is covered with eggshell, river sand.
Cossack F1 has a number of advantages, so gardeners when buying seed they choose this variety. Proper care helps to achieve good yield indicators. To prevent diseases and pests, take preventive measures.