Potato Impala is the result of the work of Dutch breeders. It is characterized by productivity, high taste qualities of tubers and ease of care.
- Features of the
- Planting potatoes
- Soil preparation
- Planting potatoes
- Caring for potatoes
- Fertilizer <
- Pest Control
Due to its unpretentiousness, the Impala variety is grown all over the world. l good harvests from a minimum plot of land, you need to know the rules of agricultural cultivars, as well as the features of preparing planting material in spring.
Features of the variety
Potato Impala – early variety .
From the appearance of the first shoots to the technical maturity of the tubers, no more than 60-65 days pass. This allows you to get two crops in one season, in the southern climate.
In order to make it easier for the gardener to decide on the type of Impala potato, you need to consider all of it advantages and disadvantages. Judging by the reviews, the variety is in great demand and is grown everywhere.
The undoubted advantages of Impala potatoes are:
- large tubers weighing 100-130 g, which is quite rare for early varieties;
- the skin is thin, but strong – allows potatoes are well stored all winter and even until the new harvest;
- each tuber has from 9 to 15 eyes, which makes it possible to divide it into parts before planting;
- the taste is very high.
Even with poor watering and not significant hilling, 5-8 tubers are formed on the bush, and if all requirements for growing conditions are met, the crop will be to add 12-18 potatoes of a rather large size. The description of the tubers is typical for Dutch varieties.
The Impala variety also has some disadvantages:
- shoots are very tall and lush, therefore 3-4 days before harvesting, it is recommended to mow them;
- tops are a favorite treat of Colorado potato beetles, therefore it is necessary to spray the bush regularly;
- does not bloom together, because there may be problems with pollination and collection of seed material;
- susceptible to solanaceous cancer, leaf bronze and fomose.
Due to the high starch content in tubers, car Ophel bad boiled soft and friable no different, but it is ideal for cooking and salads.It is also worth noting that the pale yellow color of the tuber core does not change during heat treatment, which cannot be said for other varieties with a starch content of 15-17%.
Impala variety can be planted as tubers or seedlings. Although the first option is more familiar for summer residents, seed growing of potatoes has its undeniable advantages. Seeds are not carriers of late blight and other equally dangerous diseases that tubers infect in the ground.
Preparing the soil
To plant early potatoes you need to plant in the ground prepared with high yields of canopy.
To do this, in September-October, the land is sowed with green manure, and after the emergence of seedlings, they dig a half-piece of land. For this purpose, you can use mustard, wheat, barley, alfalfa, rye, rapeseed, colza, etc. It is also possible to dig the earth with the addition of rotted manure.
In spring, the soil is deeply loosened with a pitchfork or a shovel is dug up to a shallow depth . Potato prefers light, drained soil. Therefore, all earthen lumps must be broken.
T. Since most of the gardens are infected with late blight pathogens, the soil must be decontaminated before planting.There are several options:
- Formalin treatment. 250 ml of this drug is diluted in 10 l of water and shed soil for them 1-1.5 months before the start of field work. Formalin use 4%.
- Chlorine. In the autumn, before the onset of frost, this substance is scattered on the surface of the earth. For 1 m², at least 100 g of bleach will be required.
- Fitosporin. This biologically active drug is applied to the soil during spring soil preparation. It is used at the rate of 6-7 ml per 10 liters of water. This volume is enough for 1 m².
- “Trichodermin.” It is applied to the ground immediately before planting. For 10 l of water, 10 g of this powder is taken. The solution is watered with beds.
- “Gliokladin.” It is also a biological agent for controlling pathogens. Granules of this substance are embedded in the ground by 0.5-1 cm. The procedure is performed 3-4 weeks before the tubers are planted.
- Gamair. For preventive purposes, they cultivate the earth with a 5% solution of this drug. Do it just before planting.
Properly prepared soil is the key to a good harvest. It is also necessary to comply with crop rotation rules. You can not plant potatoes in one place for several years in a row. These are the predecessors.
Early potatoes begin to be planted in mid-April if weather conditions permit. The soil should warm up at least 10 cm in depth.Planting material is selected in the fall and stored separately from the rest of the crop.
Before planting, the tubers must be awakened. To do this, at the end of February they are laid out in a cool, well-lit place. The tubers are sprinkled on top with sawdust and periodically sprayed with water from the spray gun.
The depth of the hole depends on the density of the soil. In loose soils, tubers can be planted to a depth of 10-15 cm, but in loam more than 6 cm. Potatoes are planted both in holes and in trenches. It all depends on the preferences of the gardener.
An early Impala variety produces excellent yields, provided it is well cared for. Although the plant is unpretentious, it needs timely top-dressing and watering.
To form large tubers, it is necessary to grow bushes, it also helps the tops not to decay. The first time the procedure is performed when the height of the shoots reaches 12-15 cm. To the base of the stems, they chop the ground with a chopper to form a cone. Re-cultivate the culture before flowering. This is easiest to do after rain or watering.
Crop yields depend on the moisture content of the soil. If the summer is too dry, and irrigation rules are not respected, then the tubers are poorly formed, grow small and crooked. Their taste qualities also suffer greatly.
The potato ripening period is significantly reduced if you start abundant watering during the formation of flowers on the tops of the flowers. Up to this point, the plant is not watered. After the buds are formed, right up to the time of harvesting, the ground should be kept moist and loosened after each watering. The crust, which forms on the surface of the soil after evaporation of the water, interferes with the natural ventilation of the soil and disrupts the development of tubers.
Water the crop in the evening or in cloudy weather. Some gardeners practice irrigation with sprayers. With such irrigation, water is consumed much less, but moisture entering the tops can cause late blight.
With the help of proper feeding, you can not only increase productivity, but also slightly accelerate the ripening process. In order that the plant could form large and even tubers, it is recommended to feed it.
If fertilizers were not applied in the autumn and spring or green manure was planted, then top dressing during the growing season is simply necessary. Before flowering, bushes are watered with infusion of mullein or bird droppings. To do this, fresh stool is soaked in a container in a ratio of 1: 5 with water. After 2 weeks, 0.5 l of liquid was dissolved in a bucket of water and poured strictly under the root. It is also possible to add wood ash to the soil during earthing.
In autumn, during digging, superphosphate and potassium sulfate are added at 1 kg per hundred.In the spring, urea and ammonium nitrate are sealed in the same way. The main thing is to observe concentration and not to overdo it with top dressing. Lack of potash fertilizers provokes the development of bronzed leaves – a disease that affects the tops and affects the growth of the whole plant.
The characteristics of the variety indicate that it is often exposed pest attack. In order to prevent insects from damaging the shoots and tubers of the plant, it is necessary to treat them with pesticides.
The main pests of the culture are:
- Colorado potato beetle;
- wireworm; / li>
It is not advisable to spray an adult plant at a time when the pest has already made itself felt. The drug is washed off by rains and the procedure has to be repeated. In addition, it is not safe for health. Therefore, it is better to carry out processing before landing.
The description of most preparations for the control of solanaceous pests indicates that tubers can be processed in several ways before planting:
- Soaking. m, prepared according to the instructions, lay the tubers and leave for 2-3 hours. After they are dried and put in the wells.
- Spraying. Cellophane or tarpaulin is laid on the ground, and the tubers are laid out on top in a row. spray guns evenly spray the potatoes. Next, the tubers need to be turned over and the procedure repeated.
- Dusting. If the description of the drug refers to dry use, then the powder is mixed with sifted wood ash and tubers are evenly dusted. Ash simplifies the process.
The fight against the bear should be given special attention, since on the soil enriched with manure, this insect alone can kill up to 20 potato bushes.In addition to processing the tubers, it is recommended that poisonous baits be laid out for them.
The Impala variety has excellent characteristics. With proper care, it is able to give a plentiful early crop. The quality of the tubers and their taste are also excellent reviews.
Impala is a typical representative of Dutch potato varieties, but despite this plant, it also survives well in our climate. And in the southern regions it can produce two crops per season.