One of the ultra-early varieties loved by gardeners is Tiara cabbage. Thanks to the positive characteristic, many opt for it. Differs in high results of productivity, unpretentiousness to climatic conditions. We consider the detailed description of the vegetable in the article.
- Characteristic of the variety
- Description of the head
- Loosening and hilling
- Feeding <
Characteristics of the variety
The culture belongs to hybrid types of white cabbage.
Bred by Dutch ce lecturers, suitable for growing both in open areas and in covered ground. Gives good crop yields in all regions.
From planting seedlings to a permanent place until the heads mature completely, 53 to 56 days pass. Recommended planting density – 60 thousand sprouts per 1 ha. Tiara F1 is able to withstand thickened crops. The 40 * 40 scheme is suitable for this class.
The hybrid description indicates a number of advantages:
- good yield – up to 15 kg with 1 sq. m;
- with a lack of light does not lose its marketability and taste;
- does not undergo flowering and cracking;
- has immunity to fusarium;
- excellent keeping quality;
- long-term preservation on the root without cracking – up to 10 days from maturation;
- resistance to stress;
- there is the possibility of sowing in the second turn.
Description of the head
The rose leaves are raised. The head of cabbage is compact, well-formed. Weight averages 1.5-2 kg. It has a good internal structure.
The taste is high: the cabbage is juicy, tender and sweet. It is recommended for fresh consumption in salads and for the preparation of various culinary dishes.
Each plant requires certain rules when growing. In order for the early cabbage to feel great and give a good return, it is necessary to provide it with optimal conditions.
When planting seedlings in a permanent place, you need to pay attention to the temperature of the air and soil. In the first case, it should exceed 17˚С, in the second – 14˚С.
Tiara F1 does not respond well to lack or excess of water.If it is not enough, the fibrous roots dry out. When there is too much moisture, the roots rot, diseases develop. Therefore, its quantity must be controlled, taking into account weather conditions as well.
Water temperature at least 18 менееС. It is better to moisten the soil in the morning or evening. After planting, plants are watered every 3-4 days for 2 weeks. Often during this period the earth still has a lot of moisture. Therefore, you can cancel the hydration. After this time, water is applied 1 time per week. Early cabbage especially needs abundant watering in June, when heads of cabbage are tied. 2-3 weeks before harvesting, moistening is stopped.
Loosening and hilling
Loosen the soil after each watering or rain. Then a dry crust will not form. Plants can get enough oxygen to strengthen their root system. For this purpose use a hoe. When this action is performed, weeds are also removed that suppress the culture and create suitable conditions for the development of pathogenic bacteria.
Weeds can be controlled with mulch. To do this, lay peat in a layer of 5 cm. It will also help retain moisture in the soil.
Additional nutrition will provide hilling. Thanks to the earthen snowdrift, new roots form at the base of the plant. You can spud 2 times per season. The first time the procedure is performed along with the first fertilizer application. The next one is in the phase of 9-10 true leaves.
To stimulate growth and increase the green mass, Tiara F1 is fertilized. Nutrients are applied 2 times during the season:
- 10-12 days after planting the plants in a permanent place;
- during the setting of heads of cabbage.
For the first and second time, organic substances can be used as top dressing. A solution of bird droppings is well suited for this. It is prepared in a ratio of 1:10. Mineral fertilizers are also used. After planting, use the following solution:
- 10-15 g of ammonium nitrate;
- 20-25 g of superphosphate;
- 10-15 g of potassium sulfate;
- 10 l of water.
The amount of substances is indicated per 1 sq. km. m. Solutions are used for root dressing. When they fertilize the next time, take the same area:
- 8-20 g of ammonium nitrate;
- 30-40 g of superphosphate;
- 15- 20 g of potassium sulfate;
- 10 l of water.
Many still use complex mineral preparations. The culture is also stimulated by spraying. Such a preparation is prepared for processing:
- 10-12 g of calcium nitrate;
- 5-8 g of ammonium nitrate;
- 10 l of water.
The danger for early cabbage is keel, powdery mildew, peronosporosis. To prevent these diseases, it is worth sowing seeds to sow them. To kill fungi in the soil, it is also disinfected.For diseases, fungicides are used according to the attached instructions.
From invasion of pests, dusting by sifted wood ash or tobacco dust saves. This action helps in the fight against cruciferous fleas, which are especially rampant in dry, hot weather. During rains, slugs can harm plants.
Dry mustard powder or ground black pepper is used against them. These means sprinkle soil on the site. You can collect slugs by hand, and then destroy them. To combat insects, infusions are prepared on tomato leaves, wormwood, dandelion. Some gardeners resort to the help of purchased chemicals.
Tiara F1 cabbage is perfect for growing to owners who wish to have an early harvest. Many cultivate this variety in order to be sold on the market, as it gives a high percentage of productivity in a short time.
To achieve greater efficiency, you must follow the rules of care. Timely detection of diseases or pests will save you from crop damage.