Of flowering garden plants, clematis is very popular. In order for it to bloom profusely, good care is required. Proper clematis pruning in the fall is especially important. It is this process that regulates the growth of a plant, its development and flowering.
- The value of the forming clipping
- Types of clematis
- Methods of formation
- First group
- Second group
- Third group
- Actions after trimming
The value of the forming crop
Clematis is cut in the autumn, this is done in the first year of the plant’s life, so the plant is forced to bloom and give new shoots. The procedures branch better, look healthy.
Formation is carried out both in spring and autumn. Each period has its pros and cons.
After spring pruning, there are long achenes that do not look very beautiful. It is impossible to get rid of them until the fall.
Formative pruning of clematis is carried out in the fall, in November, it gives the shoots the opportunity to develop. Such cropping times are good for central Russia. The procedure will not lead to the early emergence of new buds, and frost will not be able to destroy young shoots.
Types of clematis
By the methods of formation, the bushes are divided into 3 groups. This division is due to the following factors:
- type of bush;
- variety of plant;
- flowering time.
The formation of clematis is done depending on the category to which it belongs:
- flowering on the shoots of this year;
- flowering on last year’s shoots ;
- flowering on last year’s pruned shoots.
There are varieties that form buds and flowers on last year’s shoots. Therefore, the procedure carried out at a later date, when there are already shoots and buds, leads to the fact that flowering does not occur.
If the procedure is carried out in May, then these species have time for kidney formation.
Clematis pruning in the fall for some varieties is done only for beautiful decoration of the bush.
If the bush blooms in July, then powerful shoots are formed every year. Flowers are located on them. Such species are greatly shortened in autumn, the bush is well ventilated during flowering and looks beautiful.
All plants are divided into 3 main groups according to formation methods. Each group needs a special procedure. Clematis is trimmed in autumn like this:
- the plant is not completely cut or only immature parts are removed from the shoots;
- cut half;
- cut to the root.
Before proceeding with the procedure, it is important to examine the kidneys. If new large buds have already appeared in the sinuses, you cannot leave long shoots.
Young plants are always better to shorten.Then their flowering will be more magnificent and longer.
Princes winter well in their original form. They safely survive frosts and therefore their scissors do not touch. On Jacques, Intergroup and Vititzella, flowers appear on the shoots of this year. Therefore, all last year’s processes are cut off. In warm climates, they bloom in early spring and retain a lush crown until the end of September.
Hybrids usually bloom late. Such species include the well-known Montana, which gives flowering on old shoots, and new ones remain empty. This bush grows and very quickly braids around supports or arbors. The species is choosy to climatic conditions and does not tolerate severe frosts. The whole aboveground part may die. This variety does not require formation.
In the second group, the first flowers appear on last year’s shoots, but quickly fall off. The bush blooms profusely later when young shoots appear. The lush blooming crown lasts from July to October. Therefore, when pruning clematis in the fall, it is better to shorten or completely cut all last year’s shoots to give an incentive for the growth of new ones. For flowering in the spring, you can leave a few last year’s branches so that the bush does not seem naked.
The third group includes solid and upright species. With the onset of cold weather, grassy shoots die in them. It is better to clean such species under the root and sprinkle with fallen leaves, creating a protective pillow.
Actions after pruning
Flowering is a crucial period that takes a lot of energy from plants. In order for the flower to rest well and be ready for a new magnificent flowering, it is important to properly prepare it for the winter period after the autumn formation.
For beginning gardeners breeding clematis, the formation is the first step to a long wintering. Then, sick and weak shoots that can cause illness of the whole bush are removed.
There are 2 types of shelter for the winter.
In the first case, when preparing for winter, the shoots are laid on the ground. Under them, it is better to place cut branches of vines or put a spruce branch. If the vines are too long, they are twisted into a ring and sprinkled on top with humus or earth.
There is another option for shelter. All shoots are stacked next to each other. From above they are covered with cut branches of other trees from the garden. All this is covered by lutrasil. So that the material does not get ripped off by the wind, it is crushed along the edges with something heavy: stones or sticks.
So that the bushes will bloom profusely in the spring and before the onset of autumn, it is important to correctly carry out the autumn forming procedure and cover them well for the winter.It is important for novice flower growers to understand that the timing and methods of pruning depend on the timing of flowering. This simple secret will allow you to get beautiful bushes on the site.