Codonanta - a graceful indoor steeplejack

Codonanta – a graceful indoor steeplejack

Codonanta is a unique “aerial” plant among ampelous crops, suitable both for growing in hanging baskets and in ordinary pots. A graceful beauty with thin shoots, creating an airy, translucent crown with small leaves is rightfully considered both an ornamental deciduous and a flowering plant. And deciding what is most attractive in a codonant is far from easy. But what is definitely undeniable is the unpretentiousness of the plant, which is very easy to grow.

Graceful codonant (Codonanthe gracilis). Farmer Billiet F

Columbia’s luxurious rival

For some reason, the codonant is often confused with the columnea, although the plants have practically nothing in common except the form of growth and the family. These are plants with a completely different character, for the Columnea they are daring and modern, for the codonant they are noble-classical. And it is the bet on elegance, airy grace and calm disposition that makes flower growers increasingly pay attention to this amazing plant. We have a codonant (Codonanthe) are sometimes called codonante or codonante, but the essence of the confusion in the names of this representative of the Gesnerievs does not change.

Codonant (Codonanthe) Is a genus of flowering plants of the Gesneriaceae family (Gesneriaceae), which includes about 20 species of perennial epiphytic plants. The name comes from the Greek ‘kodon’ – a bell, and ‘anthe’ – a flower.

All codonants are beautiful ampelous epiphytes-shrubs. Their thin, drooping, wire-like shoots create graceful cascades and fountains, while leathery glossy leaves with a dense, fleshy texture and dark color are somewhat reminiscent of hoya and emphasize thin shoots with their elegance and pointed tips. The leaves sit on the shoots in pairs, but not densely: internodes are almost equal to the length of the leaves.

From June to September, small flowers bloom on the shoots of codonants, no less graceful than the whole plant. They open in the axils of the leaves, bell-shaped, with a long tube, seem to be waxy, very graceful. And due to the fact that the flowers are evenly distributed along the entire length of the shoots, the whole bush seems airy, weightless and lacy. Adds charm to the liana and a light spicy aroma, which is quite strong in some species. And if the plant is looked after correctly, then red-orange fruits-berries are formed after the flowers. Among the codonants, there are plants with white or pink flowers.

Codonants are attractive literally all year round. And flowering, and the gradual change of bells to berries, and even shoots during the dormant period look equally beautiful in any interior.

Codonanta gracefulThe codonant is graceful. Farmer Michael Wolf

In room culture, 5 types of codonants are grown, which are generally similar to each other:

  1. У thick-leaved codonants (codonante crassifolia, also known as thick-leaved), the generic name at first glance seems like a joke, because its foliage is quite small, graceful and by no means massive. The shoots of the plant are thin, almost straight, drooping beautifully, decaying in a kind of cascade or fountain. In length, the branches reach half a meter. Leaves are leathery, up to 5 cm in length, with a pointed tip. Small tubular flowers with a curved spur at the base and an arcuate bending tube are white in color, but there are also pink varieties of this species;
  2. Codonanta graceful (Codonanthe gracilis) conquers with white flowers with beautiful specks in the throat, which seem especially elegant against the background of juicy dark leaves pointed at both ends;
  3. Codonant Devos (Codonanthe Devosiana) – one of the most fragrant indoor lianas;
  4. The codonant is fleshy (Codonanthe fleshy) are also ranked among the aromatic species, its appearance is in many ways similar to a worthy codonant;
  5. Small-leaved swollen codonant (Codonanthe ventricosa) is distinguished by small white bells of flowers and three-centimeter leaves. It is currently combined into a graceful Codonant species.

Кодонанта мясистая (Codonanthe carnosa)Codonantha carnosa. Farmer DL Nickrent
одонанта евоса (Codonanthe devosiana)Codonant Devosa (Codonanthe devosiana). Farmer ki
Thick-leaved codonant, or thick-leaved Codonanthe (Codonanthe crassifolia)Thick-leaved codonant, or thick-leaved codonant (Codonanthe crassifolia). Farmer zjes

In addition to the codonant itself, on sale under this name you can find hybrids of codonants and nemantus – codonatanthus (codonatanthus), in which the flowers are painted in bright colors, but the whole plant is as graceful as the codonants themselves.

Although codonants look great all year long and bloom profusely, they are not difficult to grow. This vine is suitable even for novice growers. undemanding to care and adapts well to new conditions. The dormant period in the development of the plant is not pronounced, the conditions of maintenance and care should practically not change.

Lighting for codonants

The luxurious ampelous beauty will pleasantly surprise her with her undemanding lighting. Codonanta does not tolerate direct sunlight and strong shading, but any location with light penumbra or light, diffused lighting will suit her equally. Codonants feel great under artificial lighting, as well as completely artificial lighting, which only expands the range of their use in interiors.

Make sure that the sun-dependent codonant develops evenly. Rotate the container with the plant regularly, preventing the shoots from stretching to one side.

A hybrid of codonants and nemantus - codonatanthus (codonatanthus)A hybrid of codonants and nemantus – codonatanthus. Farmer ki

Comfortable temperature

Also more than undemanding codonant to air temperatures. More precisely, it does not make atypical requirements. This culture loves stable warmth that does not change throughout the year. For this beauty, normal room temperatures in the range of 18 to 23 degrees Celsius are suitable. The minimum allowable value for the air temperature in the room where the codonant grows is 15 degrees in winter. But it is better if the temperature of the content remains stable throughout literally the whole year.

In summer, the codonant can be taken out on the balcony or terraces, or even used in potting groups in the garden. True, in the fresh air, the plant will need protection not only from direct sunlight (or it is better to stop at partial shade), but also from drafts and precipitation.

Watering and air humidity for codonants

Watering codonants won’t be a problem. The plant loves medium humidity of the substrate without extreme drought or waterlogging, which is easy to maintain with regular procedures. The frequency should be moderate enough, regulated depending on the rate of drying of the substrate (the following procedure can be carried out only after the top 3-5 cm of the soil has dried). If you skip watering, allow the earthen coma to dry completely, then the codonant will be able to recover after the first procedure. But such stressful “surprises” should not be arranged often. In winter, watering for codonants is carried out without significant reduction, just continuing to focus on the rate of drying of the substrate.

For codonants, use soft water. It is also better to monitor its temperature: the plant prefers watering with water at room temperature.

The codonant is not sensitive to air humidity, but its increase has a positive effect on the appearance of the plant and the abundance of flowering. For codonants, it is enough to carry out periodic spraying. This culture does not need the installation of humidifiers.

Codonanthe elegansElegant codonant (Codonanthe elegans). Farmer Paul Susi

Top dressing for codonants

Codonants love fairly frequent feeding. They are carried out every 2 weeks using universal fertilizers of a complex composition in a standard dosage. Many flower growers carry out feeding for codonants literally throughout the year with the same frequency, but it is better to arrange a traditional winter correction. Top dressing for the winter period is completely stopped, having abandoned the use of fertilizers from November to February. If the plant seems depressed, then in the middle of the dormant period, one feeding with a threefold reduced dose of fertilizer can be carried out.

Pruning codonants

Like all vines, the codonant becomes even more effective with regular formation. It is reduced only to the pinching of the escaping, elongated branches. If desired, the codonant can be cut, given a greater density and compact size, “curled” on curly supports.

Transplant, containers and substrate

Transplanting codonants is carried out when the plant completely fills the previous substrate with roots. Usually, the plant is transplanted once every 1 years, in February-March. It is better to focus on the timing of the activity of the culture itself, carry out the transplant only when there are signs of the beginning of growth. When transplanting, a high drainage layer is laid on the bottom of the tanks, occupying up to 2/1 of the height.

Codonant pots are also not suitable for any. It is often planted in tall containers and flowerpots with “legs”, in which it will form beautiful green waterfalls. She is also good in ampels. When choosing, it is better to take into account the characteristics of the root system of the plant. In a codonant, it is compact, shallow, and needs small containers. Even adult codonants (from 4-5 years old) prefer pots with a diameter of only 12 cm.

For codonants, the parameters of water and air permeability of the substrate are very important. For these vines, light, loose earth mixtures are chosen. Ready-made substrates for violets or any light earth mixtures with the addition of vermiculite and perlite are perfect for codonants.

Diseases and pests codonants

It is not only a hardy but also a very resistant houseplant. Of the pests typical for indoor crops, only aphids threaten codonante.

The codonant is fleshyThe codonant is fleshy. Farmer Kcgrant

Reproduction codonants

For an elegant room vine, it is better to choose vegetative propagation methods:

  1. Separation of adult bushes, which is carried out during transplantation, carefully separating 2-5 shoots from the main curtain along with a piece of rhizome and planting them as a young plant in a new container. Before rooting, plants need vigilant, careful grooming, warmth and brighter lighting;
  2. Cutting: stem cuttings can be cut from codonant shoots by cutting out non-lignified areas about 10 cm long with several pairs of leaves. After removing the lower leaves and shortening the upper ones, the cuttings can be rooted in water or in a substrate under a hood, and after a month the plant will begin to develop. Codonant plants obtained from cuttings are planted not one by one, but up to 3 plants in one pot.

You can get new plants from seeds, which are sown in a high-quality substrate under film or glass. As the plants grow, you need to cut 2-3 plants into containers, gradually growing and providing young crops with regular care.

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Anna Evans

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