Plants that are unique in their properties are often used in different areas of human life. To apply their positive qualities, lovers of traditional medicine and households determine the time of maximum concentration of the necessary substances in the leaves and stems. Therefore, wormwood is collected according to the rules and purposes of consumption.
- Features of the collection of wormwood
- Preparation of wormwood for treatment
- Application of wormwood in folk medicine
- Preparation of wormwood for a bath
Features of the collection of wormwood
In Russia, grows around 180 species of wormwood from 400 existing.
They are common in steppe, forest-steppe zones and semi-deserts. at the wealth of its internal structure and high concentration of nutrients the plant is popular for preparations for the winter.
Gather wormwood begin during the summer, when it reaches a good height, dissolve a lot of leaves.The action is carried out according to some rules:
- choose a place with good ecology, where other weed grass grows, away from industrial pollution and dust – washing of raw materials is not expected due to difficulties with proper further drying;
- they start harvesting on a sunny day, around noon, when the dew on the stems and leaves dry out;
- stems up to 25 cm long, individual leaves without cuttings, inflorescences are subject to collection;
- drying is carried out in a shaded ventilated place with a layer of 5-7 cm or in small pu kah;
- to store the grass better tueski or bags with free access of air, in a warm room
Most harvesting begins during flowering wormwood.. The duration of this period takes 1-1.5 months – from the beginning of July to August, in the northern regions to mid-September. Then the concentration of essential oils is kept at a high level, the usefulness of the plant increases.
Harvesting wormwood for treatment
Closer to July, the grass grows to 1.5 m tall, begins to throw panicles of inflorescences, and then bloom.
At this time, and before flowering begins, wormwood is collected for medicine. Only 2 types are suitable – Bitter and Normal. Raw materials are stored for 1.5-2 years.
To harvest Bitter Wormwood, the following actions are required:
- before the formed top blooms, cut it off;
- the leaves for treatment begin to be collected in May or in early June;
- the raw materials are dried on paper or cloth in the room without direct sunlight;
- after the first withering of the dried grass, the darkened stems are removed – they are not suitable for the manufacture of medicines.
Ordinary wormwood blooms in the same time as Gorkaya, but its collection is planned for early summer. The closer to July, the more intense the taste and smell of the plant. For the preparation of traditional medicine, only young stems with inflorescences no larger than 20 cm in length are suitable. Drying of raw materials takes place in the open air, in a draft, in the shade. Inflorescences are collected in bunches or laid out in a thin layer under a non-metallic roof.
They begin to collect wormwood for the treatment of various ailments in the fall, before the onset of the first frost. Choose lateral roots with thick cores, cut so that the plant does not die. The collection is dried in an oven or oven for several hours at a temperature of 50 ° C. Wormwood roots can be stored with the remains of the earth in paper or canvas bags for up to 3 years.
Application of wormwood in folk medicine
There are many prescriptions for drugs that include parts of the plant.
Their dosage is strictly controlled due to possible side effects – hallucinations, convulsions, poisoning. A high concentration of nutrients sometimes becomes toxic if their dose is exceeded.
In folk medicine, wormwood is used to treat:
- general strengthening of the body’s immune system and protective functions in seasons with a high probability of epidemics and common diseases;
- getting rid of worms, lice and other parasites in the human body;
- disinfection and help in healing wounds, cuts, swelling;
- action in as a painkiller for joint dislocations, bruises, sprains;
- positive effect on digestive and metabolic systems;
- calming nervousness, improving mood;
- removing the inflammatory processes of the organs of the female reproductive system.
There are contraindications to the use of herbal wormwood-based drugs. These include pregnancy, lactation in women, asthma, gastritis with low acidity, bleeding and inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract.
It is not recommended to give infusions, teas and decoctions to children under 12 years of age.It is undesirable to treat people who have an allergic reaction when wormwood blooms.
Making wormwood for a bath
Strong and flowering grass stems are suitable for making brooms for steam rooms and saunas . To collect wormwood for a bath, they begin in July and August, when the plant stopped flowering, but did not begin to dry. For the bath, 4 types of perennials are considered suitable – Ordinary, Bitter, Lemon, Paniculata. The rest may be too toxic and hazardous to health during the flowering period.
Harvest brooms from wormwood in several stages:
- cutting stems with inflorescences up to 50 cm long, removing excess leaves on the ground for the handle;
- the formation of loose bundles of small thickness or the addition of birch, oak, linden brooms;
- leave in the sun for a short time, so that the grass wilts;
- drying in a shaded ventilated place;
- storage under the ceiling in a suspended form in a cool room.
In the bath brooms ayut for a pleasant aroma, which is released during the activation of essential oils by hot steam. The smell acts invigoratingly, improves mood, relieves stress, adds strength. To prevent it from being too sharp, other meadow and forest herbs are added to the wormwood bunch after flowering.
Soaring with brooms improves overall health.So that the features of the wormwood are fully revealed, it is soaked for 20 minutes in cold water, then for a short time – in heated. The broom from fresh stems does not require additional steaming, it is used immediately.
Wormwood is harvested around the time the panicles begin to bloom in order to preserve its best qualities. Certain types of plants are suitable for the manufacture of folk remedies, as well as brooms for the healing steam room in the bathhouse. Proper production, drying and storage of raw materials guarantee a positive result with a reasonable dosed application.