One of the most important steps in growing flowers is transplanting. This procedure is carried out with the aim of replacing the soil, improving the quality of flowering and rejecting rotted, dried out bulbs from healthy and strong ones. Tulip transplantation is a simple procedure, but requires some knowledge and skills from the grower.
- Transplant dates
- Necessity for transplant
- When you cannot transplant
- Transplant technique
- Preparing the landing material
- Landing on the site
- Care rules
- The most common errors
- Useful recommendations
- Conclusion <
Tulip transplant timing affects several factors: climate and weather conditions in the growing region, cultivars and the condition of planting material.
For most gardeners, the most optimal is the period from mid-September to mid-October. During this time, the plants will have time to take root in a new place before the first autumn frosts, and with the advent of spring, they will please with timely flowering.
Tubers can be transplanted not only in autumn, but also in spring. Time is postponed if you missed the transplant dates in the fall. The very procedure of spring transplantation is painful for plants, so bloom can be expected from them only next year.
It is better to transplant tulips:
- a month before the expected first snowfall;
- in the regions of the Midland, tubers can be dug and transplanted in the second or third decade of October;
- when the plant has already completely blossomed and becomes yellow;
- after warming the soil to a temperature of 10 ° at a depth of 10 cm.
The need for transplanting
Tulips need to be transplanted in the following cases:
- the plant sparsely blooms or does not form flower buds at all;
- in the presence of parasites in the soil, lean composition and tulips bloom with high acidity, but ugly buds form on the stems;
- thickened plantings, in which the plants become cramped and suffer from a lack of nutrients and moisture;
- the need for plant propagation ;
- in order to prevent the onset of diseases and parasites;
- the need to remove healthy specimens from the diseased.
When not to be transplanted
Regardless of the variety, climatic conditions and the selected terms, there are periods when digging and replanting these flowers are prohibited:
- Do not transplant tulips during flowering, because flowering plants do not tolerate this procedure and can simply die.
- It is also not recommended to carry out this manipulation before flowering, which is fraught with the same consequences.
- You can’t move tulips to a new place when there is severe cold on the doorstep. Plants simply will not have time to adapt and will freeze and die during the first frost.
Having decided on the timing of the procedure, you can proceed with the direct execution.
Preparing planting material
You need to dig up tubers in the summer – in the second or last decade of July. If you do this later, in August, the bulbs have time to take root and can no longer be disturbed, because after the transplant, they are likely to die.
After digging, the bulbs are placed in a dark, well-ventilated room where there is no dampness and drafts. The optimum storage temperature of the onions is 20-23 °, the humidity level is not higher than 60%.
In the process of sorting healthy specimens from mechanically damaged or decayed ones, it is necessary to clean them of soil residues, dry scales and root processes. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the integrity of the tubers. You should also separately sort planting material of different varieties.
Immediately before planting, the bulbs are decontaminated – treated with garlic infusion, then a solution of potassium permanganate.
Planting on the site
You can transplant tulips in the spring into slightly acidic, rich in organic matter, loose and light soil. Therefore, two weeks before transplanting to the site, last year’s manure or compost is made at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 sq. Km. m. Then make easy digging and leveling. To deoxidize the soil, dolomite flour, slaked lime or powdered chalk is required.
In the prepared area, holes are dug at a distance of 10 cm from each other, the same distance is maintained between the rows. The depth of incorporation of large tubers is 10-15 cm, of small ones is 6-8 cm.
One tuber is sprouted into each hole to the top, sprinkled with earth and spilled abundantly with warm water. After planting, make a slight leveling of the surface of the site using a rake.
Important! The same principle can be used for replanting tulips in spring.
Further, plants need careful and timely care in the open ground so that they bloom and fully develop.
For winter warming, the tubers are slightly thawed, sprinkled with a mulching layer of sawdust or needles.
If autumn turned out to be rainless, until the first frost occurs, the planting should be moistened periodically so that the suit yuchit risk of drying bulblets.Too frequent watering can also harm young plantings. From an excess of moisture, they rot and disappear. Flowers experience the greatest need for moisture during the period of active flowering, therefore the frequency and dose of water are increased.
As soon as the first shoots appear, it is necessary to discard tubers that have not germinated and specimens infected with diseases and parasites. This will prevent the risk of infection of healthy plants.
In order to increase soil aeration and enrich the plant root system with oxygen, regular soil cultivation is carried out – a day after each irrigation or rainfall.
The main care of this flower involves regular fertilizing.
After the emergence of sprouts, the soil is fertilized with nitrogen-containing preparations, which contribute to the intensive growth of shoots and leaves.
Before flowering, tulips fertilizing is not necessary, although some e growers make 1 time complex mineral supplements.
Re-nutrition with nitrogen and phosphorous-potassium preparations carried out during budding. The last feeding of decorative flowers is done after flowering is completed – phosphorus and potassium are added to increase immunity and winter hardiness of plants.
The most common mistakes
Due to inexperience and lack of knowledge, novice gardeners often make irreparable errors in the process of growing these delicate flowers, as a result of which they wither and die:
- You can not transplant flowers during the period of active vegetation, it is allowed to do this procedure only in emergency cases. Experienced flower growers recommend waiting for rest, after which you can safely move the plant to a new place.
- Move to the flowering phase. You can transplant blooming tulips, but their survival in a new place is almost zero. The fact is that flowering plants that have successfully taken root and survive wintering may not bloom next year.
- If you accidentally managed to dig a flowering plant from the soil along with a bulb, do not plant it back in the ground, unnecessarily after a while the flower will wither and die. Place the plant in a vessel with water, wait until the flowering is over, only after that it can be transplanted to another place.
- Before the procedure, the bulbs should be stored in a cool place. In conditions of elevated temperature from 25 to 30 ° increases the risk of spoilage and decay. The optimum temperature of the content is 15-18 °.
Some useful tips will help many gardeners to avoid unpleasant consequences when transplanting these flowers:
- If If you decide to transplant tulips in early spring, then the planting material must be placed in a container with cool soil and put for several weeks in the basement or cellar. This stratification procedure will increase the survival rate of tubers in the open field after planting.
- If possible, the bulbs should be dried before transplanting outdoors, but without direct sunlight.
- Adults should be sorted during the transplant tubers from their children and plant them in different places, because the flowering periods are also different.
- Tulips can be dug up and planted along the daffodils. These flowers grow very well and combine with each other. Tulips bloom as soon as the daffodils blossom.
You can transplant tulips not only in autumn but also in spring.With all the rules for preparing planting material, its proper planting and further care, you can get healthy, healthy thick and beautiful flowers in their area, which will long delight with their bright beauty.