Tomato Siberian Heavyweight lives up to its name. The plant produces large, fleshy fruits weighing up to 600 g. Tomatoes of this variety are grown mainly for personal purposes. Tomatoes rarely get to the shelves, despite good commercial qualities.
- Characteristic of the variety
- Description of fruits
- Features of growing
- Care for tomatoes
- Diseases and pests of tomato
- Conclusion <
Characteristics of the variety
Tomatoes Heavy Siberia – This is a determinant variety with an early ripening season.It was very fond of gardeners in the northern regions and the middle lane. In the south, the variety is not They grow, the plant does not tolerate high temperatures.
Many farmers choose a tomato The Siberian heavyweight characteristic and description of the variety will help to understand why:
- The bush reaches a maximum height of 75 cm. Leaves, like others have a tomato , small size, green.
- Fruits are weighty, heart-shaped, red. 4 or 6 cameras stand out inside. The pulp is dense.
- The yield of the variety is average, 10-11 kg of fruits are usually harvested from one square meter of beds.
- Pest resistance is quite high due to the early ripening period.
It is very important to correctly form a bush, remove excess load from it. Heavy tomatoes very often break shoots. Bushes must be attached to the support.
Description of the fruit
Tomatoes of the Heavyweight Siberia variety are not champions in fruit size. The average weight of one tomato is about 500 g.
You can get fruits of 700-750g. Fruits have high characteristics of commercial qualities, well tolerate transportation and storage. But they are rarely found on the shelves of wholesale chains or markets. It is not profitable to grow Siberian Heavyweights for sale.
Tomatoes are consumed mostly fresh, and they are also great for making ketchup, pasta, juice, adjika. Putting a 500-gram fruit in a jar will not work, so they can’t preserve them whole for the winter.
Features of growing
Preparation of Siberian tomato seedlings is a key step. If you properly care for the seedlings, the tomatoes will take root well in the open area, productivity will remain.
The soil for seedlings is prepared in the fall. It is necessary to mix:
- fertile garden land;
- neutral peat;
- sand from the river;
The ratio of the components of the soil mixture is 3: 1: 1: 1. At the bottom of the tub for seedlings, they must lay out the drainage. The same river sand or broken brick can be used as drainage.
Seeds are sown in pots 2 months before planting in open ground. The pick is carried out when the first two true leaves appear. Watering seedlings should be plentiful, as the soil dries.
To properly plant plants in open ground, you do not need to possess a set of special skills. Here is one simple recommendation – you cannot plant more than 4 bushes per square meter of beds. The main shoot and branches should not be tied to the support.
Tomato Heavyweight was bred for the harsh Siberian climate. For normal growth, he needs a little light and good nutrition.
Obtain large fruits of tomato The heavyweight of Siberia will help to describe the basic rules of care:
- Abundant watering. After transplanting seedlings, one bucket of water is poured into the soil under each bush. Abundant watering is done once a week (1 bucket under one bush). Water the tomatoes under the root so that water does not fall on the leaves and trunk.
- Top dressing. Complex fertilizer is applied twice. When planting bushes on a bed and when the first fruit ovaries appear.
- Weed removal. Weed herbs interfere with the normal growth of any cultivated plant.
Loosening the soil in the root zone after each watering is not necessary. It is enough to do this several times. Loosening increases soil aeration.
Tomato diseases and pests
Improper care can lead to infection of the tomato with parasites.Additional preventive measures will help prevent morbidity.
The set of diseases that the Siberian Heavyweight suffers from is standard:
- late blight;
- tobacco mosaic;
- root rot.
The main measure of root rot prevention is to remove the lower leaves. It is necessary to cut off only 3-4 leaves.
To prevent infection with late blight, spraying will be helped first with a potassium permanganate solution, and then with a Bordeaux mixture. Making rescue solutions is extremely simple. To prepare a solution of potassium permanganate, it is necessary to dissolve 2 g of potassium permanganate in a bucket of clean water. Bordeaux liquid is a mixture of 100 g of vitriol and lime, dissolved in one bucket of water. Plants are sprayed with manganese on the 20th day after planting on the bed, and after another 14 days they are treated with vitriol solution.
Pre-treatment (dressing) of seeds will help rid the plant of the tobacco mosaic virus. Before planting the seeds for 30 minutes are placed in a solution of potassium permanganate (10 g per liter of water).
Characteristics of the tomato The Siberian heavyweight makes it clear to the farmer that the variety has obvious advantages. Fruits ripen early, have a large size and excellent taste. Deficiencies in tomato are also available.The plant does not tolerate high temperatures, and heavy fruits break the bush. This variety of tomato is chosen by gardeners of the middle strip. It is in this region that the heavyweight survives and bears fruit best. If you characterize the Heavyweight variety of Siberia tomato, then gardeners’ reviews say that this nightshade will be the perfect choice for home growing.