There are a large number of types of cabbage. All of them have taste and appearance differences. Many give great benefits to the body and contribute to the treatment of various diseases. Kale cabbage is considered one of the most popular types and has excellent taste.
- Variety characteristic
- Description of the bush
- Product composition
- Useful properties
- Soil preparation
- Selecting a location
- Planting vegetables in the soil
- Watering <
- Fertilizers <
- Diseases and pests
- Conclusion <
Characteristics of the variety
Kale cabbage has 2 more Names: Brauncol or Siberian It can grow in the cold. Cabbage contains protein and amino acids, it also contains omega-3.
Description of the bush
Kale cabbage is a leaf crop in which There is no head of cabbage. Its appearance is similar to broccoli, but its size is larger. It has large curly leaves, their color is usually green, but due to the severe cold it turns red and purple. The stalk of the vegetable is solid, it cannot be eaten.
In the Netherlands, it is customary to prepare an old stampot dish from culture. Cabbage is known in Japan as an addition to the aodziru drink. Vegetables are added when cooking soup in Turkey.
Kale cabbage gives many benefits to the human body, it contains a huge amount of proteins and amino acids. It is often used to replace meat products, especially those who do not eat meat at all. Vegetarians grow this vegetable in the gardens.
Kale cabbage is suitable for those who are on a diet, because it has a low calorie level. Only 50 kcal per 100 g of product:
- protein – 3.3 g;
- fat – 0.7 g;
- carbohydrates – 8 g.
Useful properties of Kale:
- the vegetable contains a large amount of vitamin A: it is enough, to cover the daily norm for the body;
- useful properties such as lutein and zeaxanthite protect vision from ultraviolet rays;
- strengthens the human immunity a group of vitamins B, C, K, PP;
- the amount of calcium is 2 times higher than in dairy products;
- kale contains useful properties: magnesium , potassium, iron, zinc, copper, phosphorus and selenium are found in cabbage in an amount of 1 mg.
It has been proven that Kale helps in the fight against cancer, eye diseases and poisoning. Using it regularly, it is really possible to establish the work of the digestive tract, lower cholesterol.
The culture negatively relates to picking, therefore it is recommended to land immediately on the site. Before planting, the seeds are soaked in water at a temperature of 45-50 ° C for 20 minutes. After they are dipped for 5 minutes in ice water. Next, the seeds should sprout, for this they are placed in a wet napkin and left in a warm place for 2-3 days. After that they are sown.
The land for cultivating Kale cabbage needs to be made fertile. If the cultivation takes place in clay or sandy soil, you will not be able to get a large crop: the taste of the vegetable will not be very good. It is important for the plant that the water does not stagnate in the soil, so compost is added to the soil, and the site is dug up with granular sulfur.
A site is prepared for growing healthy vegetables autumn or winter before snowfall. To do this, they clean it from weeds, harvest the old crop and dig it up. Before planting, humus and mineral fertilizers are introduced into the soil. Kale cabbage must be grown according to all the rules, so the plot is selected light. For the plant, the place where pepper, pumpkin, and potato used to grow is suitable.
Planting the vegetable in the ground
Plant seeds are planted on the site in late April or early May. It perfectly tolerates cold, therefore it will germinate even at a temperature of 4-5 ° C.Digging pits 30-40 cm in size, between the rows keep a distance of 45-55 cm.
For planting take 3-5 pcs. seeds, for rapid growth add 100 g of manure and 200 g of ash, immediately watered and sprinkled with earth. When the Kale Cabbage is planted, the plot is covered with a film. The first sprouts are visible after 5-7 days, so the film is removed. The sprouts that have appeared are examined for healthy and weak. The bad ones are immediately removed so that they do not impede the growth of the strong.
Caring for Kale cabbage in an open area is no different from caring for other crops. It is important to carry out a number of events:
- proper watering;
- hilling near the bush;
- loosening the earth;
- weeding weeds;
- treatment for diseases and insects.
When the vegetable grows to 20-25 cm, it is spudded. If weak leaflets appear or change color, they are immediately torn off. To make cultivation easier, and diseases do not harm, the soil is mulched with compost or humus.
Kale cabbage is watered carefully so that the water does not leak too much. To do this, a groove is pulled out around the plant and water is poured directly into it. In the hot period, watering is carried out more often and in larger quantities. After the procedure, the ground must be loosened.It must be ensured that it does not dry out and is always moist, therefore, watering is carried out every day in the summer, but so that the soil has time to dry.
Cabbage Feces should be fed every 6-8 weeks. The first time fertilizer is applied when the foliage just begins to appear. To do this, use an infusion of grass. To prepare it, they take a barrel, fill it with water for a quarter and add grass. Greens should be fresh, it can be both weeds and simple grass in a proportion of 10 kg per 100 liters of water. Also, in a proportion of 100 liters per 2-3 kg, dry chicken droppings are added, after which the barrel is covered with a net.
When foam begins to form in the barrel, its contents are mixed every day to stimulate fermentation. Herbal dressing insist 1-3 weeks, it all depends on weather conditions. When the foam is gone, plants are fertilized with infusion, diluting it half with water. It is important to apply fertilizer under the root.
It is recommended to prepare top dressing for the vegetable from compost. To do this, take 2 liter containers and peeled compost. Water is poured into it (1 bucket) and kept warm all day. After this, the roots of the vegetable are poured and fed.
Diseases and pests
According to the description, Kale cabbage can be invaded by the following pests:
- aphids and flower beetles;
- scoops and sawflies;
- whites and fleas;
- moths and flies;
- bears, slugs and caterpillars.
Diseases that affect Kale cabbage:
- keel and bacteriosis;
- blackleg and infectious mosaic;
- peronosporosis and fusarium;
- circular spotting;
- white and gray rot.
To protect the plant from insects, the leaves and ground are sprayed with ash, tobacco dust. The procedure is repeated, because rain can wash away funds. So that the culture does not suffer from pests, it is sprayed with vinegar after the sun sets. 250 ml of vinegar is diluted in 1 bucket of water. Perfectly helps 200 g of chicken manure, diluted in 10 liters of water, which stand 1 day. It also fights insects onion peel well. To prepare it, take 0.5 kg of husk and 4 liters of warm water. The mixture is insisted for 2 days, then filtered and added 1 tbsp. l tar shampoo. The mixture is sprayed with seedlings every 3-4 days.
In addition to home remedies for insects, x nomic agents:. “Bankole,” “Kemifos”, “Fury”, “Sharp”, “Aliot” etc. Apply them when other methods do not give the desired result. With regard to ailments, compliance with the rules of agricultural technology will help here.
Kale cabbage is beneficial to the body, because it contains many vitamins and minerals. More recently, this variety of cabbage was grown in Russia, but it has already managed to win the hearts of many.