Description of cabbage varieties Novator

Description of cabbage varieties Novator

Cabbage Novator F1 is a late-ripening high-yielding hybrid of white cabbage from the Dutch producer Syngenta. It is distinguished by excellent taste, ideal for agricultural production: it tolerates mechanical cleaning and pneumatic cleaning, maintains quality and presentation for a long time, and has strong immunity. The hybrid is intended for outdoor cultivation.

Content
  1. Characteristic of the variety
  2. Description <
  3. Growing and care
  4. Sowing
  5. Thinning
  6. Watering and loosening
  7. Feeding <
  8. Harvesting
  9. Pests
  10. Conclusion <

Описание капусты сорта Новатор

Description of the cabbage variety Novator

Variety characteristic

Novator hybrid is a late cabbage cultivar with a growing season of 130-135 days and a sowing density per hectare of 30-32 thousand seeds.

According to the description, the variety has a high yield: from 500 centners per 1 ha. Shelf life – 12 months. The variety tolerates long transportation. The hybrid is resistant to stress and leaf diseases, has the ability to suppress growth. weed, tolerates low nitrogen content in the soil.

Description

Cabbage Novator F1 has excellent taste, attractive presentation and long shelf life (up to 1 year).

Head structure:

  • round shape, mass from 4 to 4.5 kg;
  • the surface is even, smooth;
  • the density is high;
  • the color is dark green, on the cut white;
  • leaves are thin and medium thickness.

Cultivation and care

The yield of vegetables with the seedling method of cultivation depends on the fertility of the soil and the climatic characteristics of the regions. Sowing is carried out on loamy places; small depressions or low-lying areas are also suitable. Cabbage does not like sandy and poor soil with a low content of organic substances.

Sowing

Sowing seeds of late cabbage begins in May, at this time of the year the earth is already warm enough and You can not use the film to cover the seedlings. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in moist tissue for a day at a temperature of 20 ° C. It is important not to overexpose them for a long time, since the top coating can move away and the seeds will not take root in the ground. The advantage of the Novator hybrid is that its seeds are capable of rapid growth without soaking.

The soil should be leveled, holes should be made according to the 25 x 45 cm pattern, and a small amount of dolomite flour or ash should be added to each well. Several are watered: the soil should be soaked to a depth of 15-20 cm.

3-4 pcs are sown in each hole. seeds to a depth of 1-2 cm.

Thinning

After about a week, when it is already possible to identify where the seedlings are good and where the weak ones and small, thin out plants. Leave one strong seedling.

Watering and loosening

Поливать капусту нужно по мере необходимости

You need to water the cabbage as necessary

Moderate watering and regular cultivation are the key to a rich harvest. Before each irrigation, the soil is loosened, thus providing free access of air and water to the root system. It is important that the earth does not dry out and is not excessively wet. Normal soil moisture is 70%.

Feeding

The plants need fertilizing. The first is carried out 2 weeks after the emergence of seedlings, the second – during the appearance of the ovary of the head of cabbage. As a fertilizer, preparations based on potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen are used.

Organic fertilizers are also used: manure or bird droppings. For 1 square. m use 300-500 g of manure or 600-800 g of bird droppings.

Harvest

Harvesting late-ripe cabbage begins in September and lasts until the first frost . Hybrid Zenon is frost-resistant, but so that it can maintain its presentation and taste for a long time, frostbite should be avoided. Cabbage can withstand frosts of -5-6 ° C.

Harvesting rules for long-term storage:

  • Harvest on sunny autumn days.
  • Dig, cleaned from the ground (they do not cut the head).
  • Sort small and damaged plants.
  • Separate the leaves, leaving 2-3 integumentary leaves.
  • Stacked in a hinged shelter to dry.
  • Cut the roots or leave them: it depends on the storage method.
  • Move to storage.

Pests

The most common pests and their control:

  • Cruciferous fleas. Mix hexachloran (12%) and DDT, process at the rate of 10-15 g per 10 square meters. m.
  • Cabbage fly. Sprinkle the soil with a mixture of naphthalene and sand (1: 7) or lime and tobacco dust (1: 1).
  • Cabbage moth, scoop, whitewash. Treat plants with calcium arsenate at a rate of 12 g for every 100 square meters. m.
  • Cabbage aphid. Treat with a solution of anabazine sulfate (0.2%) in an amount of 500 ml per 10 square meters. m.

Conclusion

Innovator F1 is a late-ripening hybrid of white cabbage, universal in use. The hybrid has a high yield and at the same time unpretentious in care. It is intended for sowing in open ground, suitable for mechanical harvesting, pneumatic cleaning and transportation, has a long shelf life (up to 1 year), is resistant to diseases (fusarium, necrosis), is able to inhibit weed growth and tolerates low nitrogen content in the soil.

Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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