Small cabbage is a variety of Brussels sprouts. It is characterized by small fruits resembling a walnut in appearance. It contains a large number of useful trace elements that have a positive effect on human health.
- Characteristics of the plant
- Description of the plant
- Features of the fruit
- Soil preparation
- Planting seeds
- Planting seedlings
- Care recommendations
- Diseases and pests
Characteristics of the plant
Little Brussels sprouts are called for a reason. originating from the country of origin – Brussels. Small cabbage has the possibility of cross-pollination. The plant is biennial. Its appearance differs from the appearance of other varieties (white, cauliflower or broccoli).
The yield of the variety is average: from 1 about 200 kg of green heads of cabbage are harvested.
Description of the plant
In the first year of germination, the plant is characterized by the presence of thick heads of cylindrical shape. Their height reaches 60 cm, and sometimes reaches 100 cm. The leaves are small, slightly lyreous. Petioles reach a height of 30-35 cm. The color of small leaves is light green. They are completely covered with a wax coating. The edges of the leaves can be straight or wavy.Round leafy hummocks form in the deciduous sinuses. On 1 plant, their number can reach 30 pcs.
In the second year of life, small cabbage develops shoots and forks (inflorescences). Forks are medium in size with lots of leaves.
In the second year, the plant blooms and gives seeds. The yellow flowers are gathered in a small brush.
Features of the fruit
The small fruit contains a large number of seeds, and its appearance is similar to a pod. The shape of the fruit is round with a small oval at the base. The diameter of one seed reaches 2 mm. The shape of the head is spherical. The surface is smooth to the touch. 1 g of fruit contains about 250 seeds. They are planted for 5-6 years from the time of collection.
According to the description, the taste of cabbage is saturated, pleasant. Notes of sweetness and a little piquant bitterness are noted. It is recommended to eat fresh or to use for the preparation of salads. Second balls are often decorated with small balls.
Preparing the soil
Small green cabbage is grown only on fertile soils. For this, the land is prepared in the fall. Before plowing the plot, organic fertilizers are applied to the ground (cow droppings, humus or peat). The optimal volume is 2 buckets of 10 liters per 1 square. m. In spring, the earth is loosened using hoes. The depth of weeding should be at least 5-8 cm.
In the process of loosening the soil, superphosphate fertilizers can be used.The recommended volume is about 150 g per 1 sq. Km. m. To make small heads of cabbage formed faster, 200 g of bone meal is added per square meter. Planting is allowed only in early May, when the risk of frost is reduced.
To plant seeds, pick up a separate large container. It is better to plant seeds in early March. Before planting, they do not need to be disinfected or treated with growth stimulants. The planting depth in the container should be no more than 1.2 cm. The distance between the seeds of the heads of small cabbage is about 5 cm.
The containers must be covered with plastic wrap. This significantly speeds up the process of the appearance of the first seedlings and reduces the risk of diseases. After the germination has begun, cover material can be removed and the plants thinned out. This will allow the root system to properly form for safe planting in open ground.
Seedlings are transplanted into open ground after a green plant reaches a height of 20 cm. Best adhesion of the plant to the ground occurs if you pre-water the plot with a small amount of water. When planting seedlings in moist soil, the roots quickly fasten to the ground.
Planting is carried out so that the lower green leaves are above the surface of the earth. The optimal distance between the bushes is about 1 m. This distance allows the plant to form without harm to itself or neighboring bushes. It is important that they do not obscure each other.
Small round cabbage needs careful care. You should remember about high-quality and timely watering. Drop watering is preferred: the basal part is moistened so that it is ideal for this plant. Water the bushes should be no more than once a week. This is enough to moisten the soil.
After each watering, weeds are removed and the topsoil removed. It is necessary that the right amount of oxygen, moisture and nutrients come into the soil after the crust. The depth of weeding should be no more than 6 cm, so as not to disturb the root system.
Feeding is carried out in several stages:
- First top dressing is introduced 10 days after planting in open ground. Preference is given to mineral fertilizers: per 1 sq. Km. m add 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 10 g of superphosphate, 10 g of potassium nitrate.
- During the second feeding, from the beginning of heading, use 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 9 g of potassium chloride. Fertilizers are applied at a distance of 10 cm from the bush.
Instead of mineral fertilizers, it is permissible to use organic matter during the second feeding.Chicken droppings and humus are ideal for this. 100 g of each substance is diluted in 10 liters of warm water and poured about 2 liters of tincture under each bush.
Diseases and pests
Small cabbage heads are characterized by a powerful immune system. They are rarely affected by diseases, but are prone to invasion by parasites.
So that the plants are not affected by the flea or bugs, they are sprayed with special chemicals. For example, Bordeaux liquid or colloidal salt. About 10 mg of the drug is diluted in 10 l of warm water, spraying is carried out every 10-12 days.
If the round cabbage has been invaded by aphids, they are sprayed with copper-containing preparations (Oksikhom or Epin). To do this, 10 mg of the drug is diluted in 5 l of water, the bushes are sprayed every 7-10 days.
A small green cabbage is called Brussels sprouts. It contains the maximum amount of nutrients compared to other varieties, which is why it is ideal for dietary or therapeutic nutrition.