Eggplant King of the north of category F1 is a new variety in the world market, but it has already gained popularity among gardeners. The variety is characterized by early ripening.
- Characteristic of the variety
- Description of the bush
- Description of the fruit
- Use and taste
- Growing seedlings
- Preparation of the site for planting
- Care <
- Diseases and pests
Characteristics of the variety
This variety is included in the State Register of the country. Despite that a hybrid of category f1 was inferred n for the cold regions of the country (Ural, Caucasus), it can be grown in all parts of Russia.
The growing season is 100 days from the moment of planting in open ground. The yield is excellent: about 8 kg The plant bears fruit throughout the summer.
Description of the bush
According to the description, the bush reaches a height of 1.2 m. The stem is purple in color. The leaves are large, broadly oval in shape. On their surface there is a dense layer of wax coating. There are no thorns on the stalk. On each bush, the formation of 10-15 fruits is possible.
Description of the fruit
Description of the eggplant hybrid King of the North consists of the following characteristics:
- are presented in the form of a cylinder;
- their surface is glossy, dark purple;
- the length of the fruit can reach 30 cm;
- weight about 250 g;
Use and palatability
Eggplant pulp King of the north category f1 has a creamy tint. The taste is specific, but pleasant. Since the pulp does not have bitterness, it is not necessary to soak the pieces of eggplant before cooking.
This variety is considered universal in terms of application. From it you can cook delicious main dishes or create unusual vegetable salads. Quite often, it is canned for the winter.
It is recommended to plant the King of the North eggplant varieties using the seedling method. This will allow you to reach the peak of fruiting much earlier and maximize the amount of the harvest.
Planting seeds for seedlings should be carried out in early February. To do this, you can use separate cups so as not to damage the roots when diving. Before sowing, the seeds should be treated with a manganese solution (2 mg per 10 l of water). Soak them in such a solution should be no more than 20 minutes, then immediately rinse under running water. If desired, it is possible to carry out treatment with growth stimulants, which will accelerate the time of fruiting.It is necessary to deepen the seeds to obtain seedlings by 1.3 cm. After this, the containers are transferred to a heated room with an air temperature of 25 ° C. With the onset of germination, the temperature should be reduced to 18-20 ° C. After 30 days, when 4 leaves are formed on the plant, it is possible to plant in a permanent place.
It is best to plant seedlings in late May, when the soil has time to warm up after winter frosts. The planting plan is 50×70 cm. Seedlings should be deepened by 3-5 cm.
Preparing the site for planting
To grow the King of the North eggplant with ideal characteristics, you need to properly prepare the soil. The description of the variety indicates that the King of North category eggplants of category f1 need good lighting, so they need to be planted in those areas where a large amount of sunlight is exposed. In the fall, dig the garden and remove the roots of all weeds from it. This will allow the soil to be cleaned of elements that take a lot of useful substances from it.
If the soil acidity level exceeds 6%, it is necessary to add lime to the soil when digging the garden. On 1 m2 should be about 4 kg of lime.In the spring, a month before planting, it is recommended to introduce phosphate fertilizers into the ground, which will allow it to be nourished with necessary useful trace elements that contribute to the better development of eggplant. An ideal fertilizer would be mullein or humus. At least 6 kg of fertilizer should be applied per 1 m2.
Eggplant care King of the North is simple.
- The watering interval should be be 3-4 days. At this point, about 3 liters of water should be poured under each bush. It is recommended to use drip irrigation, which will provide the most effective soil moisture. Watering plants need at a time when there is no direct sunlight. This will avoid root rot and crust formation. After watering, after 2 days, you should dig the soil and remove all weeds.
- Feeding is carried out several times. The first fertilizer application, which involves the use of organic matter, should be applied 20 days after planting. At this point, it is advisable to dilute in 10 l of water 2 kg of humus or compost. 1.5 l of the drug is poured under each plant. At the time of flowering, potassium supplements can be carried out (30 mg of potassium nitrate per 10 l of water). A few days before the start of fruiting, phosphorus is irrigated (50 mg per 10 liters of water).
- Due to the fact that the plant is quite large, you should regularly garter to the support. This will allow him not to deform if there are heavy rains or windy weather.
Diseases and pests
The main diseases to which this culture is exposed are powdery mildew and bacteriosis. You can deal with powdery mildew by spraying with tincture of Bordeaux fluid (4 mg per 5 liters of water). Bacteriosis cannot be cured. It is necessary to remove the entire bush and burn it away from the garden.
Of the common pests, aphids and beetles should be distinguished. You can get rid of beetles with a solution of wood ash (20 g per 2 liters of water). With this solution you need to wipe the entire bush. Oxychom spraying (30 mg of Oxychoma per 8 liters of water) will help in the fight against aphids.
If you want to grow high-quality products, you must follow the basic recommendations for planting and care.The yield is influenced by the origin of the variety and its genetic components, but still the result depends on the efforts gardener.