Description of tomato variety Katya

Tomato Katya is a hybrid of the F1 variety and belongs to the precocious type of tomato. Due to the selection origin, Katya F1 tomatoes are very resistant to many diseases.

Content
    1. Features of the

variety

  1. Advantages and disadvantages
  2. Growing seedlings
  3. Seedling care
  4. Soil preparation before planting
  5. Planting seedlings and leaving
  6. Tomato planting
  7. Fertilizer for tomatoes
  8. Watering the bushes
  9. Conclusion <

Описание сорта томатов Катя

Description of the tomato variety Katya

The variety is characterized by ease of planting and unpretentiousness, making it good for give birth to experienced farmers as well as beginners. Taste qualities of tomatoes are high, so the variety is also suitable for sale on the market.

Features of the variety

Tomatoes Katya, according to the description, refers to the ripening types of tomatoes with a bright presentation. Tomato Catherine is a hybrid of F1, which was bred in 2000. This type of tomato has a number of features:

  • the plant is determinant;
  • the bushes are considered stunted, the height of the plant reaches no more than 60 cm;
  • the crop ripens to 80 days;
  • the leaves are medium in size and slightly corrugated;
  • with an open method of planting from 1 square.m receive up to 10 kg of the crop, in greenhouse conditions – up to 15 kg;
  • the inflorescence is formed in front of 6 leaves on the stem, about 9 ovaries appear on each brush;
  • the fruit has a rounded shape and weighs about 80 g.
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The color of the fetus depends on the hybrid hybrid. The classic look has a rich red hue, and the tomato is pink Katya raspberry.

The red hybrid is better for eating, and pink – for conservation and processing. Before choosing tomato seeds Katya F1, you should read the description on the package, because due to different characteristics the fruits may not live up to expectations.

Advantages and disadvantages

Tomatoes Katya F1 have many positive qualities, thanks to which farmers prefer to grow this species. These characteristics include:

  • unpretentiousness in leaving;
  • good taste and presentation;
  • uniform ripening of fruits;
  • transportability and long-term preservation of taste during transportation;
  • preservation of up to 90% of the crop due to the strength of the fruit;
  • resistance to most diseases, such as vertebral rot, late blight and tobacco mosaic.

Despite the positive qualities that persuade to plant tomato Katya F1, the variety has a significant drawback: the fragility of the stem and branches. Tomato needs mandatory support, otherwise wind and rain can reduce the yield of the hybrid.

This type of tomato is vulnerable to a disease such as phomosis. To protect the plant from damage, the leaves of the bush are treated with Bordeaux liquid.

Growing seedlings

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Tomato Katya has good yield both with the seed method of planting and when planting using seedlings. When growing tomatoes, it is better to use the seedling method, because in this case the fruits ripen faster.

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To grow tomato seedlings Katenka, you should first pay attention to the capacity for growing. Kadki must have special holes on the bottom, otherwise the soil for seedlings will be too wet and will lead to root decay.

It is better to use a special seed substrate or a mixture of sand and peat as the soil. Normal soil is not suitable for growing strong seedlings, the seeds must be in a soil rich in nutrients.

Before sowing, it is recommended to treat each seed with potassium permanganate: This will help get rid of harmful bacteria that carry most diseases.

Seedling Care

The heat level is of no small importance for seedlings. Throughout the growing of seedlings, the temperature should change:

  • Initially, the seeds should be warmed up to 30 ° C to disinfect.This procedure should last at least 2 days.
  • After 3 days, the grains are heated to a temperature of 50 ° C.
  • After the procedure, the grains are sown. Also, each container is covered with a transparent film. The temperature of the seedlings should not exceed 23 ° C.
  • As soon as the seeds germinate, the film is removed. Tomatoes are non-loveable plants, with a large amount of water in the atmosphere and soil begin to hurt.

Seedlings are watered 3 times a week. At the same time, they make sure that the plants are not in a draft or near a cold window after watering, otherwise the ground will freeze and the tomatoes will die.

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Preparing the soil before planting

This yield varieties directly depends on the quality of the soil. The soil must be sandy loam or loamy, otherwise the plants will not have enough mineral components for proper growth. If the soil does not belong to one of the above types, it should be enriched artificially. To do this, it’s enough to know a few secrets:

  • to reduce acid in the soil, use lime or dolomite flour;
  • animal manure or compost will help dilute heavy clay rock;
  • sand soaked in urea removes excess moisture from the soil.

For planting tomato Katya, the sites where legumes and root crops were planted a year earlier are best suited. In places where carrots or cucumbers grew, tomatoes give a lower yield.

Soil preparation begins in the fall, before the first frosts. The following set of actions should be performed:

  • At the end of November, the soil is loosened and enriched with useful mineral components.
  • The excavated area should be wintered.
  • After the snow melts , the soil is harrowed and fertilized with alkali.

It is not recommended to harrow the soil until the snow completely melts: the soil is not sufficiently saturated with moisture and will contain less minerals.

Planting seedlings and care

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Plants should be protected from frost

Seedlings or seeds should be planted in spring, when the temperature at night does not drop below 0 ° C. Frosts can cause bushes to die. The height of the central shoot at the time of planting should be at least 20 cm. There should be several leaves and ovaries on the sprout.

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According to the characteristic, the tomato planting scheme Katya F1 has the following sequence:

  • form holes 10-15 cm deep;
  • ash and mineral fertilizers are poured into each hole;
  • sprouts are planted one per hole and bury to the first leaves;
  • for comfortable watering around the shoot forms a moat.

If tomatoes are planted in soil with high humidity, each hole is covered with soil, see shennoy sand.The root system of the hybrid is very fragile, and even minimal damage leads to disease and death of the plant.

Tomato planting

Formation of bushes is carried out several times during the period of growing tomatoes. If you do not remove excess shoots in time, the plant will bring a smaller crop. In addition, the result of the lack of care for the bushes is deformed fruits.

During the pinching, extra shoots on the central stem of the bush are cut or broken off. The procedure should be done in the early morning so that the sun dries out the places of breakage in a day. This will protect the plant from decay. Experts do not recommend cutting the shoots close to the stem. In this case, a new sprout quickly grows in place of the cut. The shoots should be broken off carefully, since the central stem of Katya tomato is very fragile.

Fertilizer for tomatoes

Useful substances in the soil guarantee a good harvest. The lack of mineral components in the soil reduces the taste of tomatoes and reduces the number of fruits on the bushes. To achieve maximum yield, tomatoes are fed artificially. The following components are suitable as a fertilizer for tomatoes:

  • fermented processes of tomatoes;
  • animal manure;
  • compost;
  • orthoboric acid .
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Manure of animal origin often causes the appearance of harmful insects in the garden, so you need to follow the measure

Watering the bushes

Tomatoes are watered immediately after landing. Irrigation of the soil should occur with a frequency of once every 10 days. In the hot season, the amount of watering is increased. Care must be taken to prevent the earth from cracking: this can cause serious damage to the plant.

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Direct sunlight dries out the foliage and causes injury to the ovaries. A natural shadow over the plot at noon. For this, special materials are acquired or weed is used.

Conclusion

Tomatoes of the Katya F1 variety are attractive due to their unpretentiousness and good taste. The breeding origin of the variety endowed the plant with resistance to many diseases, which makes it possible to grow a tomato under adverse conditions.

This early-growing type of tomato is suitable for those who want to get the maximum profit in the first months of summer. The tomato shows excellent results in open planting and is suitable for greenhouse cultivation.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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