Eggplant Roma F1 is one of the most productive varieties. Vegetable is popular among gardeners because of its unpretentiousness to growing conditions. The variety is early ripe.
- Variety characteristic
- Description of the fruit
- Growing seedlings
- Planting in open ground
- Feeding <
- Watering <
- Diseases and pests
- Conclusion <
Characteristics of the variety
Eggplant Roma F1 is grown in any region. From one bush you can collect about 1.5 kg of eggplant. With a square-nesting method of planting, plants can produce bathing up to 6 kg of fruits. It is possible to grow a vegetable both in the open ground and in greenhouses. Bushes grow up to 2 m in height.
Features of the eggplant variety Roma F1:
- Resistant to diseases affecting nightshade.
- Moisturizing. With a lack of moisture, the water bends and falls.
- Mid-season. From the time of emergence of the shoots to the harvest no more than 140 days pass.
- Heat-loving. The optimum air temperature is close to 24 ° C. Lower values lead to the ovary falling.
Description of the fruit
- The skin is thin and soft to the touch. In ripe vegetables, it is brilliant. The color of the fruit is dark purple.
- The size of the fruit is from 20 to 25 cm, and the maximum weight of one vegetable reaches 350 g.
- The pulp on the slices is dense. It is painted in ivory.
- There is no bitterness in the taste. The fruits are used for cooking pickles for the winter, stewing and frying, as well as pickling.
- The grains in the fruits are small and few. This is due to the fact that the plant belongs to hybrids and seeds collected from fruits, does not multiply.
The fruits of eggplant varieties Roma have high keeping quality and excellent transportability. Storage does not require special conditions.
Growing in regions with a temperate climate is carried out by seedlings. In the southern latitudes, the vegetable is sown directly in the wells.
Sowing seeds for seedlings begin depending on the region in late February – early March. Seeds are germinated throughout the day in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or using a germinating agent.
The placement depth is 1 cm. It is preferable to sow the seeds in separate containers, the volume of which is more than 150 ml. In each glass, put 1 swollen seed and sprinkle it with earth with a layer of 1 cm.
Sowing land is used marked “For seedlings” or is prepared from autumn, combining:
- 20 parts of turf land;
- 10 parts of humus;
- 3 parts of peat.
Before planting the vegetable, the soil is abundantly watered with potassium permanganate solution and warmed up in the room under the film for at least 10 days. Phytosporin is also used as a disinfectant.
The first sprouts appear on the 7th day. Until this time, the seed container is left covered with a film. Growing seedlings of eggplant varieties Roma F1, provide the plants:
- daylight hours of 14 hours;
- the absence of drafts and temperature drops in the room;
- regular watering.
You do not have to feed seedlings in pots. Only warm and well-maintained water is used for irrigation.
Landing in open ground
It is optimal to transfer seedlings to open ground or to greenhouses in the second decade of May. Seedlings are taken out together with a lump of earth and placed in a pre-prepared hole. After this, sprinkle seedlings and lightly tamp the hole with your hands. After the operation, beds with plants are abundantly watered.
The bushes are placed on a site with good lighting and protected from gusty winds. Wells need to be harvested at a distance of 60 cm from each other. The best way of planting is a square-nested.
Eggplant seedlings need multiple top dressing regardless of the structure and nutrition of the substrate in which they grow. Fertilize only plants planted in a permanent place.Do this 3 times per season:
- 2 weeks after transplanting;
- at the beginning of the appearance of the buds;
- during the ripening period of the crop.
The best fertilizers for the first feeding are cow dung or bird droppings, diluted in water. The second top dressing should contain:
The third feeding consists of phosphorus and potassium. It is always produced 40 days before the harvest. That is why, at this stage, they do not use chemical compositions that promote the accumulation of nitrates in fruits, but are limited to simple formulations.
Watering should be regular and plentiful. Be sure to water the soil after applying mineral fertilizers. The best irrigation fluid is water that has been left standing for several days. During this time, it will heat up and get rid of chlorine.
The frequency of watering depends on weather conditions. On cold days, watering is reduced. To preserve moisture on hot days, the soil is mulched. Indicators of lack of moisture:
- drooping leaves;
- bud dropping;
- loss of ovary:
- yellowing of the fruit.
Excess moisture also has a negative effect on fruits and plants. Evidence of this is rotting of the stem and spoilage of the fruit.
Diseases and pests
According to the description of eggplant varieties Roma F1, it is resistant to pathogens that cause underlying diseases nightshade: phytosporosis and gray rot. Particular attention is paid to the fight against the Colorado potato beetle, whose larvae can eat all the leaves on the bush in 24 hours, which must be controlled from the moment the plants are planted in the soil.
Folk remedies or short-acting insecticides are used to deter killing mainly larvae.The last processing of the plants is done at least 1 month before the harvest.
Eggplant varieties Roma F1 are used in cooking and canning. Its cultivation is no more difficult than the cultivation of any other varieties of such a crop. The vegetable does not require special care or conditions.
Practice the secrets and rules for seedlings and seedlings in a permanent place to get a high quality crop.