Epipremnum is a special vine for true connoisseurs of classic beauty. Its even, solid leaves may seem boring, but only at first glance. An ideal candidate for green pillars and support cultivation, epipremnum is a plant designed to shape figures. Amazing plasticity, perfect appearance and stable decorativeness even in the shade fully compensate for some of the nuances of care. And the requirements for the conditions of the epipremnums are more than modest.
Epipremnum is a indoor liana for decorating shady corners. Farmer Burea-Uinsurance.com Baylor Flowers
Description of the plant
Among the plants that have phytoncidal properties and can improve air quality, epipremnum is one of the undisputed favorites. But his decorative talents are also unique. Epipremnum is ideal for creating screens, screens and figures due to the “tenacity” and flexibility of the shoots.
Botanical name epipremnum (Epipremnum) perfectly reveals the nature of the growth of semi-epiphyte (from the Greek “on the trunks”), but the plant is still often called scindapsusom, or in English sweat.
Epipremnums are evergreen climbing vines from the Aroid family with very thin and flexible shoots up to 2-3 m in length. On the stems, two types of gradually woody aerial roots develop – feeding and clinging. In internodes on young twigs, oblong ridges and remnants of fallen leaves are noticeable, old shoots are gradually lignified.
Epipremnum leaves are strikingly evenly distributed over the shoots and increase in size with age. In nature, old leaves change their shape to pinnately dissected or perforated, showing off cuts along the central vein. But in indoor conditions this rarely happens.
Delicate leathery, not too dense, sitting on long petioles, cordate or oval leaves appear to be perfectly symmetrical due to the highly pointed tip. The glossy sheen of the surface is a constant feature of epipremnums, as is the presence of spots and patterns on the leaves. The basic green tone is always bright, and the variegated, unevenly scattered white or yellow patterns make it even more elegant.
Indoor epipremnums hardly bloom. Inflorescences-cobs with dirty-light green bedspreads are able to form only in old bushes with formed “adult” leaves.
Epipremnum belongs to poisonous plants that require care, because contact with the juice can irritate not only the mucous membranes, but also the skin.
Types of indoor epipremnums
Only a few types of epipremnums have sufficient compactness for growing in rooms.
Epipremnum golden (aureum) – the most common type with thin, “equipped” clinging roots shoots up to 2 m long and ideally heart-shaped leaves, decorated with unevenly emerging golden spots and strokes. The number, size and intensity of the shade of the spots depends on the brightness of the lighting.
The plant has several charming variegated varieties:
- white-cream-salad ‘Marble Queen’,
- small-leaved with contrasting white-emerald spots ‘Enjoy’,
- large-leaved, with more elongated and pointed, almost completely yellow leaves ‘Golden Pothos’.
Two green-leaved species of epipremnum are undeservedly deprived of attention. it forest epipremnum (Epipremnum silvaticum) with very beautiful glossy leaves up to 20 cm long, of an impeccable oval-lanceolate shape, with a grooved base and a rich dark forest shade of greenery.
И epipremnum pinnate (Epipremnum pinnatum) with small and wrinkled, densely veined oval-shaped leaves, with age, covered with holes or symmetrically divided into lobes. The light matte underside of the leaves emphasizes the beauty of the upper, glossy mirror and dark emerald.
Growing conditions for indoor epipremnums
It is no coincidence that this amazing plant is included in the lists of both the most hardy and the most shade-loving crops. Epipremnum is a true Spartan, for which almost any place in the interior is suitable.
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Lighting and placement
Epipremnum boasts a unique talent for adapting to almost any kind of lighting. The only thing that any epipremnum cannot bear is the direct sun. The degree of possible shading is determined by the desire to preserve the patterns.
With gradual adaptation, epipremnum will grow well and look luxurious in light diffused lighting, in partial shade, and even in the shade. But at the same time, the worse the lighting, the more the patterns are lost. For the manifestation of variegated patterns that cover almost all leaves, you need the brightest lighting possible, for green-leaved species and varieties (or if the color can be sacrificed), even a shadow is acceptable.
Temperature control and ventilation
This plant is ideal for those who simply do not have a cool place in the house. Epipremnum feels good at room temperatures, does not need any special environment for wintering. He doesn’t really like the heat, but it is easy to compensate for it by leaving.
Epipremnums do not like drafts. Ventilation should be regular but relaxed protective measures. Due to the dislike of temperature extremes and the allowable minimum of 16 degrees, the liana is usually not allowed to be outdoors in fresh air.
Home Epipremnum Care
The tropical origin of the epipremnums should not be misleading. They can do without high humidity, but are demanding on watering.
Watering and air humidity
Epipremnum loves abundant watering without stagnant water in the trays and with drying of the top layer of the substrate between treatments. For the winter, watering is slightly reduced in accordance with the rate of soil drying. Epipremnums are more afraid of waterlogging than drought; they themselves signal an excess of moisture in the soil – with drops of liquid on the back of the leaves. Only soft water will do.
Despite its tropical appearance, epipremnum tolerates dry air very well and will not refuse additional spraying only at hot temperatures.
The leaves of the plant should be regularly wiped with a damp sponge, avoiding dust accumulation.
Top dressing and composition of fertilizers
Epipremnums feed not only during the period of the most active growth, but also during the dormant period. Enough standard dressings with a frequency of 1 time in 2 weeks from April to September and 1 time per month from October to March. For this plant, it is better to use special fertilizers for aroid or decorative deciduous crops.
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Trimming and shaping the epipremnum
Young bushes can be used to create cascades, green waterfalls and grown in ampels. But more often epipremnums are grown on pillars, lattices, pillars, and are used to create green walls, screens and screens. Regular direction of the branches is imperative, despite the vine’s natural talent for clinging to supports.
The formation of epipremnums can be carried out at will, pinching the shoots to thicken or cutting off too long lashes. For rejuvenation, old shoots are cut to hemp, leaving 1-2 leaves. Sanitary cleaning – removal of damaged, dry branches – is carried out several times a year.
Transplant, containers and substrate
This ampelous plant can be grown both in a slightly acidic substrate and in hydroponics. The soil is ideal for aroid or a substrate for ornamental deciduous crops, into which loosening components have been introduced.
Epipremnums do not like too large containers; they are grown in compact containers corresponding to a fibrous root system. The width of the pots should be greater than their depth. The transplant capacity is increased by no more than 2 cm.
The transplant is carried out after the complete development of the earthen coma in the previous container, by the transshipment method. The ideal time is mid-spring. During transshipment, a high drainage layer is laid on the bottom.
Diseases, pests and growing problems
This vine in unsuitable temperatures and with constant disruption of care can suffer from rot, spider mites, scale insects, thrips and aphids. In the vicinity of infected plants, rust and fungal diseases quickly spread to the epipremnums. If any signs of damage are found, the plant should be immediately isolated and treated with systemic insecticides or fungicides.
When the soil dries out, especially often, the tips and leaves dry out; when waterlogged, the leaves become covered with black spots. Changes in color and loss of patterns always indicate the wrong choice of lighting.
Read also our article 10 basic rules for caring for indoor vines.
Reproduction of epipremnum
Fast and efficient rooting of cuttings makes it easy to propagate and renew epipremnums. Anything is enough – both the apical and stem cuttings with 2 or 3 leaves, which can be rooted both in water and in the substrate under the hood.
Layers of epipremnum are easily rooted: the branches are fixed in the soil with a clip in a separate pot, after rooting, separating them as independent ones. Mature bushes can be divided.