Euphorbia trihedral, or triangular – a large houseplant, a little it resembles a cactus. With proper care, it can grow up to 3 meters. It is appreciated by gardeners for the minimum requirements for growing conditions and interesting appearance.
- Description <
- Purchase and adaptation
- Landing <
- Choosing a place
- Choosing a soil
- Home care
- Fertilizers and top dressing
- Watering <
- Trimming <
- Methods of propagation
- Diseases and pests
- Benefits and harm
- Signs and superstitions
Another name for the plant is Euphorbia trigona (lat. Euphorbia trigona).
Euphorbia comes from subtropical Africa, It is often found in Madagascar. In the natural range, the culture is represented by a tree, located mainly on dry hills.
It has a fleshy stem with characteristic three faces and pronounced ribs. On the latter there are small spines with small leaves located closer to the top of the shoots.
During the development, it forms several productive processes, in connection with which it is compared with a candelabrum, which resembles in appearance.
B most painted in saturated green.However, there are extremely rare specimens with stems of a reddish hue and leaves of deep raspberry.
In indoor conditions, the plant develops quite actively and is quite capable of reaching 3 m if the ceiling height allows it.
With minimal care, it can please with its decorative qualities for many years, which attracts gardeners even despite the fact that the culture does not bloom.
Purchase and adaptation
When buying a plant, it is necessary to closely examine, even at Slovenia that visually it looks healthy. Symptoms of parasite diseases or life activity include stickiness on shoot surfaces, spots, softened areas.
Immediately after the pet is at home, it should be carefully rinsed under a slightly warm shower and then quarantined for a couple of weeks. This time, the flower will be enough to adapt to the given conditions.
After this period, the culture is transported to the new soil, having previously rid the roots of the old one as much as possible.
It is preferable to conduct the event in the spring. The pot is chosen based on the dimensions of the succulent itself. Ideally, it should be quite wide due to the surface location of the root system and not very high.
It is also recommended to change the top layer of the substrate every season.
When transplanting large plants, quite weighty pebbles are laid to the bottom, which gives Euphorbia stability. Moreover, drainage is one of the important requirements during the procedure, regardless of the age of the succulent.
Euphorbia needs well-drained loose soil, which is typical high degree of breathability.
For planting, you can take a purchased substrate for succulents and cacti or make it yourself. In equal proportions they mix:
- river sand;
- leafy soil;
In addition, the pot is equipped with a brick crumb drainage layer to prevent stagnation of liquid in the container.
Trigonus euphorbia is a find for beginners inexperienced gardeners. It can grow quite comfortably in indoor conditions.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
From spring to autumn, when the flower is in the growing season, it is fed with specialized preparations for succulents. In this case, the procedure is carried out monthly.
It is not recommended to use single-component compositions – there is a possibility of harming the bush.
The reason for the appearance of small white spots in the excessive amount of nitrogenous compounds in the soil, and this phenomenon is only through minor injuries, milky sap.
This is due to the fact that due to the high content of organic matter in the soil, the plant begins to gain volume and, as a result, burst.
Trigon tolerates short-term drought quite comfortably. For a bush, overmoistening is much more destructive than a short thirst. However, for better development, an earthen coma should not be completely dry.
During the growing season, watering is carried out once a week. In the winter season, the number of procedures is significantly reduced.
In addition, you should pay attention to the pallet – stagnation of water in it can provoke decay of the root system.
Also, sanitary cleaning of the surface from settled dust is not an unnecessary event, which is made with a dry soft brush.
The principle of transplant is identical to almost all indoor plants. For young specimens, annual transportation is necessary, for older adults – once every 2-3 years. In this case, in the latter case, they are guided by the degree of filling of the container with the roots.
The absence of a haircut will allow the milkweed to reach the impressive height, which is not always acceptable for standard apartments. Therefore, in the case of limited room space, pruning is performed.
Manipulations are carried out with a well-sharpened knife at the required level, after which the injured place is sprinkled with crushed activated carbon.
In the future, the plant forms side shoots and changes its original shape, becoming more like a sprawling shrub.
If you do not want to trim, you can cover the crown with a kind of cap, for which a cork from a plastic bottle is quite suitable. As a result, the flower will pause in growth and use its energy to form secondary processes.
- Young cuttings of up to 10 cm in length are cut short, and pruning is done with a margin.
- It is dried for 2-3 days. After treating the wounds with crushed coal.
- Place in wet sand or perlite. In order to root the plant more successfully, it is determined in a sufficiently lit place so that direct sunlight does not fall on the shoot.
- When signs of increased growth appear, transplant into another container.
Benefit and harm
The plant is considered poisonous, which must be considered if the family has children or animals.
Euphorbia cleans the air and fights harmful bacteria. Many people place a flower near a computer in order to minimize the negative impact of electromagnetic waves, mistakenly confusing with a cactus. He will not be able to cope with such an impact, but he will be fully tuned to productive work.
In the bedroom, holding a pot with a majestic handsome man is not worth it, which is associated with the subtle aroma of the plant. As a result, irritability and sleep disturbance can be observed.
In ancient times, it was used to reduce warts, corns and various diseases. Indian medicine men used succulent root powder as an antidote to snake bites.
True, modern doctors are ardent opponents of such a technique. Despite the experience of their ancestors, the toxicity of the culture is noted.
When interacting with the skin, milky juice can provoke severe irritation, and even a small drop of milk on the tongue causes numbness.
Before trimming or transplanting the euphorbia, it is worth stocking up with protective gloves, and after the procedure, wash your hands thoroughly with soap.
Signs and superstitions
If you rely on signs and superstitions, then there is a certain opinion whether keep Euphorbia Trigon at home, no. According to some sources, the plant brings negativity to a person’s life.Many people believe that you can’t put a culture in a recreation area or bedroom, which is especially true for married couples.>
Others, on the contrary, assure me – given Due to its life-giving power, the home shrub is able to give peace and inspiration to all households, as well as solve problems with the musculoskeletal system.
In the office, you can grow succulents without fear. bring luck, career success and positive attitude of colleagues.