Caring for a flowering orchid has some differences from how to care for the plant during dormancy. Compliance with the rules allows you to extend the period of formation of inflorescences.
- Maintaining the microclimate
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- Lighting <
- Humidity and watering
- Support for the peduncle
- Transplanting and pruning of peduncles
Maintaining a microclimate
During the budding of a room flower at home, it is important to maintain a microclimate, the ability to which is relevant to the process of bud formation.
At the inflorescence ejection stage, the flower pot should be in a constant place. When the buds appear, the potted container is not moved or rotated: any flower movements will lead to a stressful situation and reduced budding.
During the period of color formation, plentiful, but diffuse lighting is created so that direct sunlight does not fall on the plant.
For abundant and prolonged formation of inflorescences of phalaenopsis in the home x conditions create daylight hours of at least 12 hours. Other orchid varieties require a slightly shorter lighting duration – up to 8 hours.
In cold weather, fitolamps help provide the home flower with proper lighting. The direction of the light from the phytolamp directly to the discarded peduncle makes it possible to achieve budding in winter.
The temperature conditions during the care of a flowering indoor plant depend on its variety. The difference in daily and night temperature indices is required by everyone: this activates the process of bud formation.
Humidity and watering
At the flowering stage, the orchid is watered more often than usual, at this avoiding stagnation of the liquid in the pot. Excess moisture inhibits the development of buds and sometimes leads to root decay.
Watering during the budding period implies:
- the use of softened water at room temperature, if possible rain or melt,
- getting directly to the roots of the plant avoiding foliage and flowers,
- alternating irrigation with immersion and soaking; when soaking the flower stalk is placed on the water surface, avoiding moisture entering the growth point.
The need for watering is indicated by the dried roots of orchids, acquiring a light gray color. Green roots mean they are still wet.
To create the required humidity (not less than 70%) the flower helps spraying from the spray gun. A flowering orchid is sprayed so that water does not drain into the core of the inflorescence.
When caring for a flowering orchid, it is recommended to apply fertilizer complexes containing phosphorus and potassium. The frequency of fertilizer application is one-time, with an interval of 2-3 weeks. A feature of flower fertilizer in the process of budding is the washing in a pot of substrate from excess mineral salts. This is done after a week after applying the fertilizer complex by showering the soil with soil. Water is poured into the pan.
Support of the peduncle
Under the weight of a large number of inflorescences, the flowering process sometimes bends and breaks off during the process of abundant flowering. To support it, flower supports specially designed for support are used. The flower-bearing process is fixed at the props using a clip-clothespin or floristic wire, tight lace, thread.
Transplanting and pruning of flower stalks
An orchid is transplanted at the flowering stage in exceptional cases: when the plant is threatened with death. To minimize the stress received during an orchid transplant, allows the plant to be placed in a shaded place. This gives the orchid the opportunity to take a break from the procedure.
After the end of budding, when the peduncle blackens and dries up, it is removed, cut to the base, which makes it possible to develop new things. If the peduncle remains green, it is not pruned: new buds may form on it.
Orchid care during and after flowering has its own characteristics.If you look after a flowering indoor flower, following the basic rules, creating comfortable conditions for it, there is an opportunity to activate the process of the appearance of inflorescences, extend the duration of budding and ensure the subsequent ejection of flowers.