Every experienced gardener knows: to get a high-quality and healthy crop, seedlings need to be fed. It is not necessary to add expensive and harmful chemicals like potassium and phosphorus to the beds. One of the most popular and effective remedies is ordinary wood ash. Domestic farmers widely use it for their garden. How is feeding cucumbers with ash carried out and how useful is its application to the future vegetable?
Features of feeding cucumbers with ash
Use of ash
Ash is organic a substance consisting of fibers of tissues of trees and plants. It possesses the ability to take the final form under persistent pressure due to its fine structure. If the ash is obtained as a result of the combustion of plants, gardeners use it to fertilize and loosen their plots, but it is not recommended to bring recycled residues of building materials and plastic bottles into the ground: when they are burned, hazardous chemical compounds are formed. If they enter the soil, they infect the fruit with toxic substances.
Wood ash contains a large number of trace elements necessary for plant life. Among them, carbonate, silicate, sulfate and calcium chloride, magnesium sulfate are isolated. The percentage of substances may vary, depending on the species.Wood is rich in calcium, ash in bark and straw is rich in phosphorus, and meadow is saturated with potassium. The harmful nitrogen escapes during combustion.
The goals of using this organic product are:
- Stimulation of the process of reproduction of beneficial bacteria in the soil.
- Effect on the amount of alkaline soil.
- Obstruction of the development of fungal diseases in the plant.
- Maintaining acid balance.
- Long term – 3 years . All this time, a positive effect on the soil and fruits is noticeable to the eye.
Wood ash does not contain chlorine, which can not be said about most other mineral fertilizers. It also has ease of use and naturalness. Ash is used in the cultivation of many fruit crops, however, each individual vegetable or fruit, depending on its characteristics, requires a different consistency of organic matter for its soil.
Benefits of ash
Cucumber – A fast-growing vegetable with early fruits – they usually ripen in no more than 10 days. How is ash useful for cucumbers, what is the importance of its use when growing in a greenhouse or in open soil?
- It helps to accelerate the growth of the crop, improves its quality and increases the quantity.
- It protects seedlings from attack by pests, in particular, against aphids.
- Prevents bacteria and infections from spreading.Especially effective is the solution of ash in open ground in relation to powdery mildew, which is very dangerous for the leaves and root system of cucumbers and requires serious treatment in case of infection.
The principle of feeding
An important role is given to the process of feeding cucumbers with ash during the formation of ovaries and lashes after harvesting. At this time, the fruits are deficient in such vital trace elements as calcium and potassium. Fruits can lose their juice and begin to develop incorrectly.
Timely applied fertilizer will contribute to better formation of the ovaries and have a beneficial effect on cucumbers, accelerating their ripening, improving taste and appearance. Chemical fertilizers will only do harm, especially if you overdo it with a dose. Fruits run the risk of becoming poisonous, plants become thin, and leaves fade.
Top dressing accelerates fruit set and growth
Lack of nutrients during growth leads to soil depletion, which negatively affects yield.
Instructions for use
It is important to know how to properly feed the cucumbers with organic ash and how much it needs to be scattered to get the desired result. There is an algorithm for preparing for feeding and making ash in cucumbers.
- Preparation of the solution: 3 tbsp. the ashes are stirred in 1 liter of water and incubated for a week.
- Soaking cucumber seeds in an organic solution for 6 hours to prevent viruses.
- Adding fertilizer for 1-2 tbsp. l in each well when foliar processing and planting of seeds. This contributes to their enhanced growth.
- Watering the seeds with infusion every 10 days after the beginning of flowering. This positively affects the taste of the fruit and protects them from diseases.
There is another option for fertilizing home cucumbers with ash. In this case, the soil must first be watered, and only then dry ash should be poured. A similar method is good before and during planting seedlings in open ground in spring. For feeding 1 square. m will need 1 cup of ash (about 100 g). Dry organic matter is introduced into a pit 15 cm deep near the plant. Sprinkle the top with soil.
Frequency of fertilizer
As to how often cucumbers are fertilized with ash, there is an important point. Fertilize seedlings with infusion should be twice a day, morning and evening, at room temperature in a greenhouse or outdoors. They do this necessarily in moist soil, after watering, because the introduction of substances into dry soil leads to problems with rhizome. Total feeding should be no more than 7 per season – in no case should you abuse the feeds!
You should start feeding cucumbers with fertilizers from the moment the first leaves appear on the stem, when it is just forming. The second stage is the beginning of flowering.When the plant begins to bear fruit, it is fertilized about once every two weeks.
The operation of the solution requires compliance with a number of urgent recommendations. Proper use will avoid problems associated with the integrity of the plant and the preservation of organic matter.
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THAN TO FEED ASH CUCUMBERS SUPER FERTILIZER!
Storage of the finished solution / dry powder should be carried out in sealed packaging: this will save all useful substances.Dry matter cannot be in a room with increased level of take in moisture.
In gardening you cannot use orange organic fertilizers: they have a high percentage of iron and oxide. You also can’t mix one type of fertilizer with another. Clay soils should be fed in the fall, sandy soils in the spring.
Spraying and organic tillage with cucumbers begin at the beginning of planting and throughout the growing season. Among the other organic and mineral fertilizers, ash has a leading position. This is the simplest type of top dressing, rich in all micro and macro elements necessary for the plant, harmless, multifunctional and affordable.