To get a rich harvest of carrots, she needs to provide care. Along with proper soil selection, fertilizing and pest and disease prevention, you need to know how to water carrots after planting.
- Watering rules
- Frequency of irrigation
- Recommendations for soil moisture
- Conclusion <
Carrots need regular watering for good growth. Without moisture, the sprouts become weak and can not withstand weather conditions, get sick and die off.
It is important that the seeds receive water during planting – so they will rise faster.
Methods of moistening the soil:
- Use the drip method, due to which moisture enters the soil in small quantities.The advantage is that water does not wash the seeds and gently moisturizes the soil, not damaging delicate sprouts.
- Watering through a hose is a more aggressive method. A strong pressure of water can wash the seeds and nutrients. Another effect is also possible – large drops will drive seeds deeper into the ground, which will make the sprouting period longer and harder.
- The water entering the beds from the watering can resembles rain, because this method is convenient to use. Moisture is evenly distributed on the surface of the soil, spares gentle seedlings, does not break stems and leaves. The amount of water can be easily adjusted.
Frequency of watering
A feature of carrots of any variety is the late formation of the crop. First, all the forces of the plant are spent on the growth and development of the green ground part of the culture, and root crops are formed already in the last quarter of the growing season – after 3-4 months. Therefore, during the period of active growth, vegetables require a lot of moisture in the soil, and in the end, before the crop ripens, they do not tolerate its excess.
The lack of water in the soil during rare watering causes the accumulation of bitterness in the root crop, drying of the core, the skin becomes stiff . Excessive moisture provokes increased growth of tops and cracking of root crops.
Watering the carrots properly follows a certain pattern:
- when the first shoots appear, water the beds on warm and sunny days every 4-5 days, 5 l / m²;
- in the middle of the vegetative period, when the root crop begins to form, it is watered less often, but in large quantities – every 7-10 days, 8-10 l / m².
- in August when the underground part is already ofo she washed, watering carrots as necessary (15-20 l / m²).
In the fall, 3 weeks before the start of the harvest, the soil is not saturated with water, so that the root crops do not crack or start grow extra roots.Before harvesting, it is recommended to slightly moisten the beds so that it is easier to dig out the crop.
Keeping to the schedule, there is a chance to prevent uneven plant growth and avoid problems with further storage of vegetables. Unsystematic intake of moisture causes fungus and rot diseases.
Recommendations for moistening the soil
It is advisable to water the carrots in open ground only with warm water. Cold can lead to weakened immunity, diseases and pests. If well water is used for irrigation, it is left in the sun so that it is heated. Reserved and rainwater are also useful for sowing.
Sometimes watering is combined with root crops or preventive spraying from pests.
To do this, use different infusions and minerals, which harmful to insects. Watering disinfecting the soil takes place before sowing the seeds: the beds are saturated with potassium permanganate water (10: 1). The role of top dressing is a liquid into which wood ash or other nitrogen fertilizers are added. Such procedures lead to the growth of sweet and large carrots.
Each thinning of the rows injures the root system of the remaining crops. Therefore, it becomes necessary to lightly moisten the soil before starting work. After you need to water the beds abundantly to create the conditions for a good strengthening of plants in the ground.Be sure to loosen the soil in the aisles and near the stems of the crop after thinning, to ensure air to the roots.
During periods of drought or heat in July and August, it is better to water the crops in the early morning or evening, when solar activity is slightly lower. On hot days the beds are watered more often – up to 3 times a week, making sure that the moisture reaches a depth of 15-20 cm.
To preserve soil moisture, mulch the spaces between rows and around the tops, using peat chips, finely cut straw or hay, turf. Mulch can help in the care of seedlings, as it inhibits the growth of weeds that feed on moisture and minerals intended for vegetables.
With proper care and watering carrots can give a rich harvest in all weather conditions. Adhering to a certain schedule of the frequency and amount of soil moisture after planting, they control the taste and external characteristics of root crops, combine the function of caring for the plant and preventing disease. Watering carrots in the open field should be in moderation, observing any changes.