Feeding is a must for strong, healthy shoots. When growing, it is recommended to feed eggplant seedlings 2 times. The first feeding of eggplant is carried out during or after a pick. The second time fertilizers are applied 8-10 days before planting in the ground.
- Mineral fertilizers
- Kemira Suite
- Organic fertilizers
- Conclusion <
Feed the seedlings eggplant is recommended with the help of mineral complexes, which are often added to the first top dressing of eggplant seedlings .
The schedule for fertilizing is applicable for each variety. Minerals are also used to feed eggplants in open ground or a glasshouse of glass, film, polycarbonate. They are brought into the wells when planting. This helps seedlings to take root. for single use in quantities.
Bulk preparations are not recommended to be stored in torn containers. Pour the remainder after use. A glass, plastic jar with a sealed lid will do. Topping up eggplant seedlings is made in liquid form under the root. Avoid contact with leaves.
Fertilizing eggplant with chemicals from chemicals is safe under precautions when feeding at home:
- the solution is prepared outdoors;
- use a separate container for a solution, utensils for food are not suitable;
- do not eat food until the end of work;
- if they get on their hands, they are immediately washed with soap and water;
- if swallowed drink any large amount of water, take activated charcoal;
- substances are stored inaccessible for children places.
Kemira Suite, a comprehensive universal preparation, helps eggplant to grow green, the root part. The introduction of Kemira at the seedling growing stage stops soil depletion, increases the plant’s resistance to adverse conditions, helps to accelerate adaptation when diving.
Powder fertilizer contains the optimal proportion of macro-, microelements: nitrogen total. – 16%, nitrogen amm. – 7.9%, nitrogen nitr. – 8.1%, phosphorus – 21%, potassium – 27%. Iron is present in small amounts – 0.1%, boron – 0.02%, copper – 0.01%, manganese – 0.1%, zinc – 0.01%, molybdenum – 0.002%.
The drug is used for:
- watering under the root – 20 g is mixed in 1 liter of water;
- wick watering – 0.5 g per 1 liter of water;
- spraying the roots during transplantation – 10 g per 1 liter of water.
Kemira is classified as low hazard according to GOST (Grade 4). It does not contain toxins, heavy metals, does not accumulate in the soil.
Topping eggplant after picking or before it is carried out by the universal preparation” Crystal “. It is produced in the form of crystals, it does not contain chlorine, which makes the product safer for seedlings. The desired effect is achieved due to the fact that the elements are combined with organic substances. So they are easily acquired. The composition is similar to Kemira, but the ratio of substances varies.
Blue and yellow Crystal are suitable for vegetables, especially when transplanted into acidic clay soil. They are diluted with water to a concentration of 0.7-1.5 g / 1 liter of water.
Proper feeding of eggplant seedlings accelerates growth, improves resistance to temperature extremes, and accelerates the flowering period. The drug is combined with pesticides.
Among the advantages of this feeding of eggplant, gradual dissolution of crystals in the soil is noted. Minerals feed the culture for a long time.
The drug is a water-soluble fertilizer for eggplant. It contains 11 minerals in chelated form. Calcium (8%) contributes to a more intense color of leaves, improves flowering, fruiting.
The product has an acidic Ph, immediate effect.It quickly dissolves, is absorbed at any level of water hardness. In alkaline, carbonate soils, it helps the root system absorb the necessary elements.
15-20 g of the drug are diluted with 10 l of water. The solution is applied under the root. The absence of chlorine and sodium minimizes the likelihood of burns to the trunk and root system during top dressing.
They begin to feed the eggplants using folk methods before planting. Before applying organic fertilizers insist, dilute with the ground. Fresh manure is not used: it contains too much nitrogen, and a large amount of the element slows down the growth of the crop – it is more difficult to plant it in the ground.
The mixture acts on the root system when its temperature is more than 22 ° C.
The nutritional composition for eggplant seedlings depends on the type of soil in which the sprouts are grown:
- loamy – sawdust, manure, peat in a ratio of 1: 1: 2;
- clayey – manure , sawdust, sand, peat (1: 1: 1: 2);
- sand – humus, sawdust, clay soil (1: 1: 2).
Urea, mullein is recommended to feed vegetables. The solution is prepared as follows: 1 bucket of mullein, 1 tbsp. urea, 100 liters of water. Organics can be changed to 1 bucket of bird droppings and 2 tbsp. nitrofoski. The amount is regulated in proportion. Insist 3-5 days before application.
Foliar top dressing is carried out with folk remedies: ammonia, iodine, boric acid. They also feed peppers, tomatoes.Take 20-50 ml of each substance and dilute in 5 l of water. Then the soil is fertilized with a solution.
Procedures enhance nitrogen metabolism, increase the immunity of a vegetable. Feeding is also carried out after landing.
Stimulants are used for root and foliar feeding of eggplant. As monopods, drugs are not used. They are introduced together with minerals in the first lure. They are able to enhance the beneficial properties of other elements: nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, facilitate the cultivation of crops in open ground, greenhouses.
Stimulants act at the cellular level. They activate the biological processes of plants, act slowly, gently.
Stimulants are highly concentrated agents. When the drug is undiluted on the soil, it is sprinkled with earth and the soil is thrown away.
The chemical preparation Epin contains the active substance epibrassinolide. It strengthens the sprouts, protects against frost, drought, stress. The crop grows germination, growth increases, productivity increases. The fruits become marketable.
Soaking seedlings in a solution of the drug is carried out before picking. 100 ml of liquid is taken per 100 g of seedlings.
Epin fertilizer is recommended in the ratio of 0.25 mg (1 ampoule) per 100 ml of water.
Before use, mix well. The remaining solution is stored in a cool dark place for 2 days. Being in the sun is unacceptable.
The product is not toxic, does not harm people, animals. The drug does not pollute the environment.
Zircon is used as an immunomodulator. The action of the product on the plant:
- releases the internal forces of the plant;
- normalizes the metabolism;
- protects against contamination with radionuclides, pesticides, heavy metals.
The tool is economical. They should fertilize with poor breeding. It simplifies plant care.
The preparation contains esters of hydroxycinnamic acids. They have antiviral, antimicrobial, antitoxic effects.
The drug is used together with organic and mineral fertilizers. 1 small vial of 0.25 mg is diluted with 1 liter of water. Sprouts are soaked in the solution or leaves are sprayed.
The substance is not toxic, because it does not accumulate in the soil, in the plant. But too concentrated solution can change the state of the soil.
means a biostimulant (phytohormone). It contains 5 g / kg IBA acid (IBA). Step irritation caused by plant cover in contact with tissue. The immune system responds with the accumulation of living callus cells and root growth.
Increased immunity promotes the rapid adaptation of seedlings to transplantation. The root system is strengthened, which makes the plant strong. It easily tolerates adverse external factors: waterlogging, temperature changes, drafts, drought, hypothermia. The drug does not protect against diseases and pests.
- Feeding is carried out with an aqueous solution of a biostimulant. Powder (5 g) is mixed with 5 l of water. Consumption – 40-60 ml per sprout.
- During the dive, the root system of the seedlings is kept in the product. When fertilizing after transplanting, eggplant is watered under the root.
- The substance is classified as safety class 3. Gloves are used during operation. Empty containers are not thrown away, but burnt.
Planting and transplanting seedlings is stress for capricious eggplant. Seedlings require a strong root system to get used to new soil, temperature, humidity. Conducting 2 necessary top dressings makes the sprouts resistant to changes.