The maidenhair venus hair is probably the finest and most delicate of all ferns in texture. Beautiful fronds of this plant are widely used to create large wedding bouquets. At the same time, do not forget about one feature: after cutting it, the fronds fade quickly enough. Read about the features of growing this indoor plant in the article.
Adiantum venereal hair (Adiantum capillus-veneris). Farmer Burea-Uinsurance.com Stacy
Botanical description of the plant
Adiantum venerin hair (Adiantum capillus-veneris) – a species of ferns from the genus Adiantum (Adiantum) of the Pteris family (Pteridaceae). In some classifications, it is included in the Adiant family (Aheadaceae).
Perennial fern up to 60 cm tall with a short creeping rhizome, dressed with narrow, blackish scales. Petioles wai maidenhair 10-15 (up to 25) cm long, black-brown, thin, glossy. Wai plates 20-40 cm long, light green, twice or three times pinnate, broadly oblong in outline, not wetted with water.
Vai segments 2,5-3 cm long and 1,5-2 cm wide, very delicate and thin, on hair-like petioles, obovate in outline, with a wedge-shaped base and a fan-lobed apex. The sori of the maidenhair venus hair shine through the thin tissue of the frond segment, framing it with a dark dotted line.
Sporulates the maidenhair Venus of the hair all summer – from late spring to early autumn. In Russia, in the wild, it is found only in the lower mountainous zone of the North Caucasus, outside our country, maidenhair hair veneer is widespread in Western Europe, the Mediterranean, in the mountains of the Crimea, Transcaucasia, Central Asia, Asia Minor, Africa, in North and Central America.
It grows along the banks of mountain rivers and streams, in cracks in rocks, near seeping water, near waterfalls; prefers carbonate rocks. The maidenhair venus hair is one of the most famous decorative ferns. Widely cultivated in greenhouses, easily grown in rooms.
Features of growing maidenhair Venus hair
Growth: vigorous growing plants that easily double their size in a season.
Lighting: maidenhair venus hair does not like direct sunlight, feels comfortable on the windowsill of a window facing north. In a greenhouse, where it is very hot, it grows well under the shelves.
Temperature: Maidenhair Venus hair adapt well, most of the commercially available varieties grow well outdoors in summer. You should not allow the temperature to drop below + 10 ° C if you want them to grow all year round. At temperatures above + 20 ° C, high humidity must be ensured.
Watering maidenhair venus hair: It is necessary to maintain a high humidity at all times, but do not allow water to stand in the pots. In summer, water twice a week, using rainwater if possible, in winter you can rarely, once a week, but do not let the soil dry out. Please note: There are several deciduous varieties that lose their frond in winter, but are not usually sold as houseplants.
Top dressing of maidenhair venus hair: In summer, add half the recommended dose of liquid fertilizer to the water every 14 days.
Humidity: high. Place the pot on a saucer of damp pebbles, or place it in an outer container filled with damp peat or moss. In homes with central heating, spray the plant daily with standing water at room temperature.
Maidenhair Venus hair cleaning: Daily spraying keeps the wai clean. Never use a cleaning agent.
Atmosphere: do not tolerate the smell of combustion products of gas and cigar smoke.
Soil for maidenhair Venus hair: Peat-based potting mix: Take equal parts of fibrous peat, turf and fine white sand, adding a little basic fertilizer.
Transfer: Prefer to grow in pots that are slightly cramped. Transplant maidenhair venus hair in the spring when the plants grow too large for their pot. Do not compact the soil too much.
Trimming the maidenhair venus hair: only remove damaged or very old fronds. If, unfortunately, the plant is dry, cut off all the fronds and spray what remains with water twice a day. More fronds are coming soon.
Low maintenance makes it easy to grow these plants in the house. But note, they don’t like being carried from room to room. For active growth, they need to acclimatize in one place and stay there.
Maidenhair Venus hair care
Potted fern varieties are kept in partial shade, as delicate fronds wither in direct sunlight. The ideal temperature for a plant is +15 .. + 20 ° С, if the temperature rises, the plant suffers, frond becomes dry, pale and brittle.
The fern is planted or transplanted at the end of March into a mixture of one part peat, one part leaf humus, one sand and two pieces of charcoal, a little fertilizer containing calcium is added.
After winter, the branches with the maidenhair veins of the hair may turn brown, they need to be cut off at the very base and moderately water the plant so that it has new branches with leaves, while the minimum temperature should be approximately + 15 ° C.
In the spring and summer, you need to water abundantly so that the soil is always moist, but not wet. In addition, liquid fertilizer should be fed every two weeks. In autumn and winter, the maidenhair venus is watered a little, because if it is cold, the roots will rot. Life in the plant will freeze and it may even die if the temperature is below + 7 ° C or it is blown with cold air.
Propagation of maidenhair venus hair
Old plants can be divided in early summer, but this is not always good, since it often takes a long time for these divisions to grow. It is best to grow young plants from the spores that are on the underside of the wai. Sow them in early spring, and if possible, provide underfloor heating. A simple greenhouse will give great results.
Diseases and pests of maidenhair Venus hair
spider mite can harm if the air is too dry – cobwebs appear on the stems, frond becomes lethargic, turn yellow and fall off. You need to remove the cobweb from the plant, gently wash it under a weak warm shower, increase the humidity around it.
Tli damage frills from the bottom side, tops of shoots – damaged parts discolor, frond curls, turn yellow and fall off, the plant is sprayed with derris, phytoverm, decis, actellik, inta-vir, after drying it is necessary to rinse frond in clean warm water.