Flaxseed is the seed of an annual, leafless plant.
Flax reaches a length of 30-60 cm and it is at the end that branching occurs
stem directly in the inflorescence. The flowers are collected in the form of an umbrella,
petals are blue with a slightly grayish tint, but sometimes
are also white. The fruit of flax is oily seeds. The form
seeds oblong, slightly flattened and pointed from one
end. The seed is 6 mm long and 3 mm thick. Seeds by color
can be of different shades and range from light yellow to
dark brown. But the main distinguishing feature of linseed
the seed is a glossy sheen.
As an agricultural crop, flax began to be cultivated back in
ancient times, but it is very difficult to determine exactly where his homeland is.
Tentatively, these are Western Persia, Anatolia and Transcaucasia, although
there are suggestions that it was grown in Mesopotamia for another 3500
years ago. In the 8th century. the French king Charlemagne even passed a law
according to which all the French had to use flaxseed
seed, as a product useful for the body.
Now flax grows all over the world, but mostly.,
Poland, France, Argentina, as well as India. Mainly cultivated
2 types of common flax:
- fiber – used mainly for yarn;
- kudryash – for collecting seeds;
Flaxseed is an essential healthy food
worldwide. It is used to bake baked goods,
as a savory addition to meat and vegetable salads. But most importantly,
flax seeds are used to produce dietary flaxseed oil, because the seeds contain
contains about 48% vegetable fats. The oil extraction process is carried out
by the method of cold pressing. This technology allows you to save
all the beneficial properties of the seed. Flaxseed oil may have a color
golden to brown. It all depends on the degree of its cleaning.
Flaxseed oil is widely used in medicine and cosmetology, also
lacquers, paints, oilcloths are produced on its basis.
Useful properties of flaxseeds
Composition and presence of nutrients
Raw flax seeds contain (in 100 g):
Calories 534 Kcal
B4 78,7 Potassium, K 813 Vitamin
B3 3,08 Phosphorus,
P 642 Vitamin
Na 30 Vitamin C 0,6 Iron,
Flaxseed contains many nutrients and nutrients. it
B vitamins, vitamins
E, F, С,
as well as minerals: magnesium,
But the most valuable components are fatty acids, fiber and lingans.
Flax seeds are one of the main sources of very valuable
for the human body omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
and Omega-6, which the human body is unable to synthesize
Useful and healing properties
When ingested, Omega-3 and Omega-6 are incorporated into the structure
cells and have a positive effect on cellular activity, and also increase
the speed of transmission of nerve impulses along nerve fibers.
In medicine, flaxseed is used as an auxiliary medicinal
remedy for many serious diseases. Canadian scientists believe
that it helps prevent cancer, especially
cancer of the breast, prostate and small intestine.
In the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, seeds are used
to normalize heart rate, lower cholesterol levels,
to restore general circulation. The effect of
eating flax seeds to lower blood sugar, especially
with type 2 diabetes, has proven itself well in the treatment of the disease
Parkinson’s and asthma.
Flaxseeds also have a diuretic and laxative effect, strengthen
accelerate hair growth,
able to bind and remove heavy metals from the body, such
like lead and cadmium, help with excess gas production in the gastrointestinal
Use in cosmetology and dietetics
In cosmetology, flax seeds are used to care for withering and
oily skin, to reduce wrinkles around the eyes,
treatment of seborrhea.
Nutritionists advise seeds as an excellent weight loss aid,
since the seeds contain a large amount of fiber, which
affects the normalization of the intestines and significantly reduces appetite
with constant use. Provided at least partial replacement
flaxseed oil animal fats in the total diet are observed
excellent results in the fight against extra pounds. Recommended
add flaxseed oil to honey, kefir,
yoghurts, as well as seasoning porridge, vinaigrette and other vegetable salads.
Sometimes butter is added to baked goods. Due to this, baked goods acquire
special aroma and pleasant yellow-orange hue.
Dangerous properties of flaxseeds
Pregnant women should not take too much flaxseed
women, because the question of the occurrence of side effects and the impact
on the body of expectant mothers has been insufficiently studied.
It is also not recommended to take it during various kinds of
exacerbations of gastrointestinal diseases and others, especially chronic colitis,
Complications are possible in the presence of stones in the urinary and gallbladder,
because flaxseed has a strong enough choleretic
On the basis of flaxseed, you can prepare a real scrub for your body that will help cleanse the intestines. Find out how to do this in the video below.