Goat diarrhea is one of the few problems farmers face. Farmers wonder what a goat can do. The goat animal is quite unpretentious, rarely sick with proper care. However, an experienced breeder should be aware of possible diseases and be able to diagnose an ailment in time. Mostly young animals suffer from this disease when a watery stool of light yellow color with a putrid odor involuntarily leaves the intestines.
Diarrhea – a serious disease because it causes dehydration and may even threaten the life of the individual. If the goat has diarrhea, then you need to immediately take action and treat the animal. The farmer needs to know how to treat diarrhea in goats and adults. If the kid had diarrhea once and immediately went away, then this may be a reaction to indigestion, but if the goat has prolonged diarrhea, this may indicate infection of the animal’s body.
Basically, any causes of diarrhea, most often are the result of improper care and non-hygiene in the room. As a preventive measure, the pen should be treated with special disinfectants.If the goat got dirty in its feces, then they need to be washed off, and the animal should be washed with warm water. Drinking water is recommended to be given only boiled and at room temperature.
Possible causes of diarrhea in young animals
In goats daily or even several months diarrhea can begin at any time and it such an ailment has the most serious consequences. Severe dehydration of a fragile organism, coupled with the loss of trace elements vital for the baby, can lead to negative consequences. The causes of the disorder can serve as feeding the mother inadequate food during pregnancy, and feeding the cub itself with dirty colostrum. Young animals become infected with diarrhea from a sick mother (if an infection occurs). Also, young animals can catch a cold due to temperature violations at the place of their detention, and parasites can also cause diarrhea.
Occasionally, diarrhea can also indicate the presence of a congenital pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. How to recognize diarrhea? First of all, a sick calf stops sucking the udder of the mother, becomes lethargic. You can observe bloating, an increase in body temperature, and of course, the stool consistency changes, it becomes liquid with a sharp putrefactive odor, acquires a yellow, gray or even tarry color, depending on the cause of the disease. In addition, mucus or even streaks of blood often appears in the feces.In the presence of these symptoms, it is worth responding immediately to avoid the progression of the disease.
Causes of diarrhea in adults
Diarrhea in adults sometimes indicates the presence of a serious disease. Although the cause may be a simple excess of protein feed and concentrates, an unbalanced diet or a sharp transition to new types of feed, it is often possible to talk about more serious factors. For example, poisoning with poisonous herbs, moldy hay, or chemicals in feed.
Colds, infections, or parasites can also be the cause. It is worth paying attention to the conditions of the animals, since a dirty, damp litter or insufficient care for the animal itself can also become a cause of malaise. Check if all the requirements for the premises for keeping animals are met.
Symptoms of diarrhea in goats
It is important to recognize the symptoms in time, determine the cause and choose the right treatment. A healthy individual has a good appetite, it is active, calm, the chair is decorated in the form of soft peas, and the defecation process does not cause discomfort.Therefore, if a goat begins to refuse food, drinks excessively, it seems depressed, lethargic, it rises or falls in temperature, breathing is difficult, the quality and quantity of feces changes, palpation of the abdominal cavity causes obvious pain, it is worth talking about the presence of serious pathology. Diarrhea is more often affected by young individuals, but this trouble also occurs with adults, strong animals.
Diarrhea is not uncommon in young animals. To avoid this, it is necessary to carefully monitor in advance that the conditions where pregnant goats live, in which lambing takes place and newborn goats are found comply with all sanitary and hygienic standards, including temperature and climate conditions. So you can protect the offspring from the effects of pathogenic environment, cold, infections, eliminate possible diseases in the expectant mother.
The main manifestation of diarrhea is loose stool with a pungent odor. Often you can also observe after bloating, fever, impaired coordination of movements, cramps of the extremities, a decrease or disappearance of milk with milk. The kids have a lack of appetite. The animal rapidly loses weight, weakens, stops eating, drinks a lot and eagerly. Dehydration and the loss of nutrients, along with a liquid, necessary for the life of the body, can lead to sad consequences, therefore, with the first symptoms of diarrhea in livestock, it is important to immediately begin high-quality treatment.
Helminths in a goat
The presence of parasites can also cause intestinal upset. Goats can become infected with worms through the larvae of food parasites. As soon as the larva in the body of the infected animal turns into an adult worm, eggs begin to secrete through the stool to infect new individuals. What to do and how to stop further infection? The mass spread of helminthiasis can be prevented by maintaining proper cleanliness in the room, by carefully carrying out planned measures for the treatment of animals and preventive deworming.
If the calf is infected, it is possible to carry out treatment with folk remedies so as not to injure a fragile organism. At home, the goat can leave diarrhea by different means, but if the female gives milk, then you can try to cure it as well as young animals using folk remedies, and if it does not help, you will have to give antibiotics. Follow all instructions prescribed by your veterinarian. It is also necessary to give food, even if the goat does not have an appetite.
We choose the right food for goats
Since goats are quite unpretentious in food, many livestock farmers do not pay enough attention to this issue. . However, livestock health directly depends on the quality and quantity of feed. It is necessary to pay special attention to observing feed storage standards in order to avoid damage by all kinds of fungi that release toxic substances, and to prevent putrefactive processes.If there is a suspicion of spoilage of feed, in no case should it be given to animals. Poisoning can also occur with frequent feeding of cattle with cake, which causes disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract. putrefactive processes. It is undesirable to use compound feed, as it clogs the intestines and also causes disorders.
It is important to consider the sex of the animal, age and physical condition when choosing a feed, its quantity and characteristics. Before asking the next batch of goats, you need not be too lazy and check its quality, the absence of mold spots and a musty smell. Although goats gladly eat cabbage, succulent root crops (beets, potatoes), fresh green grass, it is worthwhile to carefully feed such feeds so as not to exceed the optimal ratio with dry feeds and not cause diarrhea in young animals. However, the diet should be kept varied and carefully balanced.
Treatment of diarrhea in animals
If diarrhea occurs in domestic goats, what is the best way to treat it? It is worth remembering that the cause of diarrhea is not always in poisoning or non-compliance with sanitary standards for keeping animals, so first of all, it is necessary to isolate sick individuals in order to exclude the spread of a possible infection.You also need to give more water and medicines prescribed by the veterinarian. In the case of newborn kids, the disorder must be treated with particular care, since a fragile body most of all needs quick and intensive treatment. Procrastination or neglect of symptoms can lead to the death of diseased individuals.
First of all, the kids must be isolated. Within 5-10 hours, you need to carry out a diet with goats and at this time do not give the usual products, because of which infection and indigestion may have occurred. It is recommended to give a drink with a warm saline solution, starch, rice broth or bird cherry broth (they contain tannins that slow intestinal motility, inhibit the activity of pathogens, and provide anti-inflammatory and general strengthening effect). Kidney diarrhea and its treatment is as follows: Give a drink every 3-4 hours, 200-250 ml with a little milk to supplement energy.
Antibiotic and folk remedies
Make sure that the goat doesn’t lost too much fluid. If diarrhea lasts for a long time, then animals are prescribed antibiotics. Such medicines are given according to the instructions, usually within 5 days. This period is enough to overcome the symptoms of the disease.As soon as the condition improves markedly, the babies can be run again to the female. An adult animal is shown the same measures, a decoction of rice or cherry berries is especially good. Such a decoction should be thoroughly filtered before giving the animal a drink.
If goat diarrhea and antibiotic treatment does not work, you should try to give a decoction of oak bark. Give a sick animal 50-60 ml 3 times a day. If the nature of diarrhea is infectious or parasitic, it is especially important to isolate diseased individuals. The use of antibiotics, for example, Levomycetin, is indicated. The dosage should be checked with the veterinarian. In general, before starting treatment on your own, you should consult an experienced doctor who can determine the causes of the disease and select the optimal treatment regimen based on the characteristics, age and sex of the animal.
Young animals often have colibacillosis, salmonellosis, such diseases can occur in acute form, can be observed already in an individual of daily age, a high risk of mass infection. The features of the course of the disease are as follows:
- Body temperature 41 degrees.
- Cramps, paralysis.
- Foamy with blood feces, urine with blood.
After successful recovery, the individual becomes active and subsequent vaccination is possible according to the prescription of the veterinarian.Antitoxic serum, antibiotics and sulfa drugs are usually used for treatment. Infection with this dangerous disease is possible both by direct contact with a sick animal or by airborne droplets.
Specific therapy: the patient animal is given immune serum, and antibiotics are given. Additional symptomatic treatment is also required, which should be prescribed by the veterinarian. Salmonellosis can usually be determined by the presence of white mucous and blood clots in the feces of a diseased animal. It is dangerous if a pregnant individual becomes ill, as the disease can provoke an abortion.
Does diarrhea affect the quantity and quality of milk?
Due to the severe imbalance in the body’s fluid balance the time of diarrhea is primarily reduced milk volume. It is possible that the kid will not get the mother’s milk when feeding. If the goat is vilified and even not clear from what, then you need to do something, otherwise the young growth will remain hungry. Other factors also affect the quality of milk. Pathogens can be introduced to the udder during milking and thus, milk will become unsuitable for feeding the kids or for eating raw.
However, such milk can boil and use, for example, to cook cheese or cottage cheese. In raw form, milk is allowed to be drunk only after confidence in the goat’s full recovery.If you follow the simple rules for the care and feeding of goats, you can be sure that the chances of goat diarrhea are minimal.