Infectious stomatitis, or, as it is also called, “rabbit’ s nose ”, is a disease that is most likely to affect small eared animals (from lactation to three months old) age). The disease is not affected by either the fluffy breed or its gender. Farm and ornamental breeds are more often prone to stomatitis and die almost always, unlike wild relatives with the same problem.
- Symptoms of a biting rabbit
- Symptoms of the first stage
- Symptoms of the acute form of stomatitis
- Symptoms of the non-acute form
- Methods of treating stomatitis
- Prevention of the disease
- Conclusion <
A sick animal quickly weakens, withers in front of the eyes. Pain and discomfort can be fatal.
Symptoms of a bunny in a rabbit
When rabbits and they become ill with biting midges, they start inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, saliva is released strongly, ulcers and a rash appear on the tongue.
These are the main symptoms. Often, patients suffer from diarrhea. Healthy individuals can easily become infected with stomatitis, if they are in the same room with the infected. At first, mokrets hit a separate family, and then all young rabbits. Farms where pets are grown are often home to disease. The animal virus spreads very quickly there.
Stomatitis caused by infection is easy to recognize, but it should not be confused with normal saliva, which can be liberated due to damage to the mucous membrane of the oral cavity when eating from coarse fibers.
Symptoms of the first stage
The initial stage of the disease is barely noticeable, but you should know the first symptoms in order to start treatment on time. These include:
- redness of the oral mucosa with frequent discharge of saliva;
- from the edge on the tongue and in places where there are no teeth, sometimes near the nose, a white coating appears , which is barely noticeable;
- the tongue swells and takes on a white hue;
- on the 5th day of stomatitis, the plaque color darkens, then the skin peels off and small ulcers appear, after which it becomes dark red with a huge ulcer in the center.
2-3 days after the onset of these symptoms, the external signs of the disease begin to appear. Saliva is released more and more often: first from the corners of the mouth, then the course intensifies.
The coat on the nose, muzzle and neck sticks together, dark streaks appear. The pet behaves uneasily, sometimes aggressively.
Symptoms of acute stomatitis
After the salivation in rabbits increases, their general physical condition changes.Symptoms of an exacerbation of the disease can be:
- blocking into the corner of the cage / aviary;
- munching while not eating;
- rapid weight loss due to the fact that it becomes painful for animals to drink and eat;
- drools become foamy and flow throughout the mouth, making the hair in the lower part of the mouth moist;
- with their wet feet, the animals begin to rub the area of the muzzle and nose, hence the name “mokret”;
- diarrhea, which eventually becomes uncontrollable.
If you do not start treatment, rabbit will die in the next 5 days after the start of heavy salivation. If in time to begin to fight the virus, the animal will recover in 10 days.
The woolen cover on the face and nose most often falls out. The resulting ulcers and ulcers heal for a long time.
Symptoms of an unsharp form
In addition to the severe form of the course of the disease, mokret can go easily and painlessly. As in the acute form, symptoms of damage to the mucous membrane of the mouth are observed, but not so deep.
Drooling appears only in the corners of the lips and ceases to stand out after 2 days, because the farmer may not notice that a wet infected person appeared in the aviary fluffy. The general physical state of health does not change. The nose becomes barely warm and soft. At the same time, the appetite remains the same, and the rabbit remains as mobile.
If a week after the necessary measures have been taken, no symptoms of stomatitis are observed, then the rabbits have been cured. It is important to understand that sick animals cannot be used for further breeding, as the infection can remain in their blood, but the meat of such rabbits is not infected, and it can be safely eaten.