Proper watering for garlic is especially important. Excess or lack of moisture adversely affects this plant, so it is important to know how often to water the garlic. The specific requirements for irrigation are due to the special structure of the root system of the vegetable. Garlic leaves are covered with a peculiar coating, so it tolerates drought well.
- Garlic yield versus irrigation
- When you need to start watering the garlic
- Optimum watering rates
- Varieties of watering
- Subsoil system
- Surface system
- Sprinkling <
The dependence of the garlic crop on irrigation
If properly follow the regime of sprinkling of garlic, crop regardless of the region in which the vegetable is grown, it needs approximately the same amount of moisture.
Climate and rainfall also affect crop yields. In drier regions, the crop will be better if you use a drip wetting system. The advantage of an artificial system is its ability to regulate its intensity.
When it is necessary to start watering garlic
The beginning of irrigation depends on soil moisture. To determine it, use a special device – a moisture meter. Irrigation begins if the soil moisture is less than 70%.
To determine the amount of moisture in a covered ground without a moisture meter, you must:
- firmly hold the soil in your palm, taken from a depth of 15-20 cm, open the palm;
- if the lump of the earth has handprints, humidity is about 70%;
- if the soil crumbles, humidity is less than 60%;
- if water comes out during compression, humidity is more than 80%.
Determination of the amount of moisture in open ground:
- the soil does not stick lumpy – humidity is less than 60%;
- if the lump sticks poorly, humidity is about 70 %;
- if the lump holds well, water is felt, humidity 80%;
- if the lump is viscous, the humidity is 85-90%.
Garlic does not tolerate excess water.
The plant requires especially a lot of moisture for the first 2 months after planting . The soil is moistened before weeding or after it. Between the beds make a special furrow for water. To protect the crop from natural precipitation, the rows are covered with a film.
Optimum irrigation rates
Winter garlic, which is planted in autumn, needs to be planted in the first days after planting a lot of moisture. During this period, roots grow and teeth form – after planting in dry soil, the plant is well watered.
It is better if the amount of moisture in the soil is about 80% of the total moisture capacity. It should not be allowed to decrease to 70%, and if this happens, irrigate the garden. A moisture deficiency causes the bulbs to form too small.
The amount of water is reduced 2-3 weeks before the garlic is harvested. It is permissible not to moisten the plants if there was a large amount of rainfall in winter.
How often garlic is watered and nourished depends on the region of cultivation and the amount of natural rainfall. The best option is considered once a week. It is better to irrigate in the morning: this reduces the risk of developing diseases, because the plants manage to dry out. Do not irrigate if the temperature is less than 15 ° C. The water temperature should be around 18 ° C.
Watering is stopped 15-20 days before harvesting for preservation and 7 days for harvesting for processing raw.
Varieties of watering
There are several ways of irrigation:
- surface irrigation;
The intrasoil stationary stationary humidification system is installed with the expectation of several years of use. The pipes are underground and have thickened walls. In general, the system does not differ from drip ground wetting.
The advantage of this method is that it does not need to be installed annually, it is permissible to process the soil directly during irrigation, and water is delivered directly to the root system.The downside is that the price of this humidification system is higher, it is more difficult to carry out repairs and it is necessary to ensure that the roots of the plants do not develop in the pipes.
When surface irrigation water to plants comes through pipes with dispensers, which are laid out on the bed. With this method, less water is consumed than with the others, and it is possible to humidify in small portions with small intervals.
Water tapes are changed every 3 years, and equipment installation takes a lot of time. The pipes are cleaned of leaves and dirt.
When sprinkling, water is sprayed over the bed. This mobile system allows cultivation of the soil.
Its disadvantages are the high cost of installation and high water consumption. You also need to spend a lot of energy to achieve good pressure. If the soil is heavy, the system will not be effective.
The amount of rainfall also affects how often the garlic is moistened. After heavy rains, when the soil dries, it loosens well . So the root system of the plant receives sufficient the amount of oxygen.
The watering schedule changes depending on the air temperature. If the weather is not too hot, then about 10 liters of water are left per 1 m². A break is made between irrigations.
Top dressing produce only in well-moistened soil. Dry soil does not allow fertilizers to spread normally inland. This applies to garlic, onions and other vegetable crops.
Garlic is a vegetable that is often used in cooking. It requires special care after planting: it should be properly watered and fed, as well as monitor soil moisture with a moisture meter throughout the growing season.