The beautiful torenia is better known today as a houseplant. But if in the premises many people only look closely at it, then how the decoration of balconies has long earned the title of a luxurious and exclusive accent. An unusually beautiful flowering with bright color transitions and no less bright greens of torenia are combined with its rather capricious character. True, the older this summer grows, the less it requires careful maintenance. And growing seedlings yourself is very simple.
Торения (Torenia). Farmer Burea-Uinsurance.com seven-summer
Description of toria
Torenia is one of the brightest and most special flowering annuals. At a maximum height of 30 cm, Torenia forms lush and very beautiful bushes of branched creeping shoots and alternately arranged elegant simple leaves with a solid edge, with its own prominent veins, a pointed tip and a very bright color.
Torenia bloom is called a royal spectacle. Graceful asymmetrical velvet bells with a tapered rim and a bright spot on the lower lip are scattered over the bush like little watercolor treasures. The combination of colors – white, yellow, blue, lilac, pink, dark purple, purple – seems even more variegated due to the texture. Torenia blooms all summer. After flowering, oblong multi-seeded fruit pods are tied.
Of the 50 species of torenias, which, without exception, are interesting plants, less than a dozen plants are used in landscape design. Most Popular Toreni Fournier (dark purple, coarse-haired and yellow) differ in decorative details, but they make exactly the same requirements for care and cultivation.
All annual garden torenias are grown mainly from seeds and only by seedlings.
Selection of seeds for sowing
Torenia belongs to a fairly common summer plant, but to grow plants from seeds, you should be responsible for their choice. To grow, you need to carefully study the information about the manufacturer and the characteristics of the variety, the timing of sowing. It is better to choose trusted firms and garden centers, in the good quality of the seeds of which you are convinced.
The too low price and lack of information should be alarming: low-quality seeds of torenia come across quite often, surprising with extremely low germination. But seeds from trusted producers can be purchased for 2-3 years, without loss of germination (about 98% percent under optimal storage conditions).
Self-collection of seeds of torenia, especially from potted and indoor plants, allows you to get a large number of seeds even from one plant. But since for the ripening of fruits it is necessary to sacrifice flowering, and almost all varieties of hybrid origin, it is difficult to preserve their characteristics and achieve the desired with such reproduction. Therefore, more often this plant is grown from purchased seeds.
Soil and containers for sowing
Torenia is sown in shallow large containers or bowls with good drainage holes.
The substrate for this summer can be used universal for growing seedlings. A simple mixture of garden or all-purpose potting soil with vermiculite or sand will do. For diving, you can use special earth mixtures for geraniums (pelargonium). If possible, a hydrogel can also be added to the soil to stabilize moisture and protect against drying out. Before sowing, it is advisable to disinfect or ignite the soil.
Sowing torenia seeds
Sowing of seedlings is carried out at standard dates – at the end of February or in the first half of March.
Torenia is sown according to the standard technique:
- The containers are filled with soil and leveled lightly, being careful not to tamp.
- The soil surface is gently moistened.
- Torenia seeds are sparsely sifted over the surface and covered with a thin layer of sifted soil or sand.
- Crops are re-moistened.
- The containers are covered with foil or glass and placed in a comfortable environment.
Conditions for germination of seeds
For growing seedlings, both temperatures and light intensity are important. The optimum temperature for sprouting torenia is about 23 degrees. If the weather is cloudy or it is not possible to place the plant on a bright southern windowsill, it is better to organize supplementary lighting. For tilling, maintain a stable light soil moisture without drying out the soil.
The first sprouting of torenia may appear as early as 5 days, but mass sprouting usually appears approximately 2 weeks after sowing.
Torenius seedlings develop quite quickly, outrunning all competitors-annuals; usually a very short period passes before diving. Young seedlings protect against drying out of the soil and waterlogging, carrying out accurate watering by spraying as the soil dries up.
The lighting and temperature for the seedlings of this summer are left the same, but if it is possible to lower the temperature to 18 degrees, then a slightly cooler content can be provided. It is better to remove glass or film from containers as soon as possible, as soon as the first shoots appear.
Diving seedlings and caring for young torenias
Torenia seedlings dive as soon as two true leaves are formed. The sooner transplantation into individual containers is carried out, the better. Small pots with a diameter of about 10 cm are usually used for torenia. The plant is dived one by one, rarely in pairs.
Caring for toreniya after stripping is no different from caring for seedlings, but the plant is transferred to regular watering and kept cool, at a temperature of 16 to 18 degrees. A mandatory measure is pinching the shoots, which allows the formation of very dense bushes. Waterlogging and drying out of the seedling substrate are equally dangerous.
10 days after the dive, you can begin to carry out standard dressings for torenias, which are planned to be grown in a pot culture. For soil plants, feeding is not necessary.
Hardening of seedlings
Torenia is very sensitive to hypothermia. For this reason, hardening of seedlings begins as early as possible, but not allowing the temperature to drop below 15 degrees, just taking the plant out into fresh air on warm days.
Torenia cannot be brought into the garden in advance. Even potted plants are taken out to recreation areas, balconies and terraces only when the threat of frost is completely passed. Torenia is extremely sensitive to hypothermia and can die from any severe nighttime cold snaps. Therefore, most often this summer plant is exhibited and transplanted into the garden only in June.
When choosing a place for a wonderful summer in the garden or on a terrace, balcony, in a recreation area, you should be very careful about the selection of lighting. Torenia is a light-loving summer, but in direct sunlight in summer they shed their foliage. Therefore, it is best to expose and plant bushes in the garden in partial shade.
A few more conditions are also important for torsion.:
- protection from precipitation and winds (and, if possible, even from weak drafts);
- fertile soil with good water permeability.
The distance when planting in the soil for taring should be from 10 to 20 cm. Torenia is planted in pots and container compositions denser, but still maintaining a minimum distance of 10 cm between seedlings.
After transplanting, the seedlings are immediately given regular care. It is impossible to grow torenia without systemic irrigation, therefore, both when planting in pots and when planting in soil, this summer plant is watered so that the soil is stably moist. Stagnant water and dampness should be avoided. If possible, in hot weather, spraying should also be introduced into the care, which will help maintain the attractiveness of the greenery. It is held in the evening or very early in the morning.
All torenias are fed the same way: every two weeks with complex mineral mixtures. In addition, the formation will also be needed for torrents: the fading peduncles should be cut off as quickly as possible, and the elongated shoots should be pinched to maintain the compactness of the bushes.
Alternative breeding methods
If you preserve torenias as indoor plants or timely transfer them to rooms in early autumn, you can save uterine bushes until spring, and then cut the apical cuttings from young shoots and root them in a light substrate under a hood.