The benefits of the bee pavilion can hardly be underestimated. This is a special room, which is mobile, mobile, stationary, where hives are located. A solution that helps save space, increase yields, simplify care, preparation for wintering. Such constructions of any pavilion should be mastered by every beekeeper. Regardless of the level of his skill.
Features of the pavilion
Each of these bee pavilions has advantages. Disadvantages are not excluded. You can purchase a finished product. But many beekeepers prefer to build them on their own using the remains of an old van or trailer. So there is a chance to create a mobile apiary, move it to the places where the best honey plants grow.
The features of the products are obvious. Thanks to them, it is possible to achieve an improvement in such indicators:
- high bribes due to moving to places of large accumulation of flowering melliferous plants;
- collection of various types of honey;
- simple pumping out;
- saving space in the apiary;
- simple care of bee colonies, maintenance of the premises itself.
Such pavilions for bees cannot be called a novelty. Two dozen hives occupy several acres of useful land on their own plot. With such a mobile hotel room, 20 bee houses are compactly located on a plot of several square meters. Each family is separated by a wooden partition. The hives are reliably protected from snow, rain, wind and are easily insulated for wintering.
There are several types:
Today, several manufacturers of bee cassette pavilions are known. They are designed to support a different number of families (from 15 to 50). The pavilion for supporting 16 families can be moved even on a car trailer. To avoid unnecessary costs, it is not difficult to make such a room yourself. There are not so many drawings, but they will help in creating a pavilion on your own.
The number of sections must be compared with the number of hives. Experienced beekeepers advise against using such structures for no more than 20 hives. With a large number of colonies, bees begin to interfere with each other.
This type is more often used to save space on the site and ease maintenance, access to hives and families. The stationary bee pavilion is made of wood or other materials with exceptional thermal insulation properties. Such a structure provides for the presence of a stove or heaters that can maintain an optimal temperature during the cold season. Such a solution makes it possible to create strong families and get large yields.
The installation of a stationary structure is carried out away from human habitats, fields for walking livestock. There are several options for the construction of stationary bee “hostels”. It depends on the number of hives and the location of the apiary.
Preparation for the construction of the pavilion
Before creating such a structure, you must carefully select the type, determine the dimensions, and study the drawings. Without a thorough approach, you will not be able to approach the process seriously.
At the preparatory stage, it is also worth considering:
- the number of families for one room is optimal up to 20;
- for a stationary, carefully choose a place closer to the places where honey plants grow and away from noise;
- prepare material and tool.
Correctly erected bee housing makes it possible to optimize the complex process of honey production in the apiary. It is enough to open the entrances to start the active work of the worker bee.
How to Make Your Own Hands
Cassette pavilion “Berendey”
A beekeeper, regardless of his experience, thinks about making a pavilion for bees with his own hands. The solution will facilitate his work, will make it possible to increase the productivity of the apiary. Initially, stationary buildings were created. Old vans and trailers are actively used today. The solution significantly increases the level of honey collection in individual apiaries and industrial plants.
Regardless of whether the pavilion is mobile or stationary, preference should be given to cassette pavilions. They can be installed permanently on site, mounted on a trailer or retrofitted to an old van. But it is precisely the cassette ones that make it possible to optimize the work of the beekeeper, minimizing the process of caring for the apiary as a whole and for each family at any time of the year.
All beekeepers know that the more the worker bee flies around the honey plants, the higher the bribes will be. Therefore, it is beneficial to have mobile pavilions. They can be installed on a car trailer and transported from one flowering field to another. The presented drawings will give a better idea of how to implement the idea.
After creating the drawing, you can start the main work. It is better to do it in such a way that there is a passage in the center and enough height. This will make it easier for the owner to care for the bees and hives. It should move freely inside with a honey extractor in hand, which means the width of the passage is at least 90 cm.
Help with auto registration
In order to create ideal conditions for families, the beekeeper must be patient, have the desire and the necessary tools. There are not so many drawings on the network, so you can use the drawings of the Berendey pavilion as a basis and reproduce it yourself.
- Level the trailer and secure in place.
- Dismantle the sides, floor.
- Lower the level of the passage between the hives slightly.
- Weld the metal base and secure it.
- Fix the bars on the frame, fill the boards.
- Sheathe panels YUSB or fiberboard.
- Cover the roof with roofing felt.
- Decorate the doorway, hatches.
- Leave a gap around the perimeter of the floor and place the hive as close to the frame as possible.
- Make ventilation hatches in the ceiling.
The lighting system should be thought out even at the drawing stage.
The beekeeper has to stay near his apiary for a long time and move with it. The host often accompanies the families throughout the season. He needs a good rest and a point for the realization of the harvest. Therefore, in this structure it is necessary to provide for such places. This is ideally thought out in the Berendey model. Even with minimal dimensions, there is enough space for everyone.
The beekeeper’s place is located at the front or at the end of the trailer so as not to put additional load on the trailer axle.
The wall and floor are doubled to fill the space with insulation. This solution will help save the apiary from overheating in summer and provide optimal conditions in winter. If you use OSB panels, then you don’t need to think about insulation. They already have a layer of insulation inside.
Advantages and disadvantages
Throughout this topic, the benefits are clearly visible. But there is no such thing as flaws. They are available, although not many.
- The hives in the pavilions are located close, almost closely to each other. Bees can get confused at home.
- Almost the entire structure is assembled from flammable materials. In a dangerous situation, all of this flares up and burns out instantly. It will not be possible to save the bees. Chemicals scare away bees.
Most modern beekeepers are looking to optimize their business to keep costs down. This takes beekeeping to a new, higher level.