Proper planting of pepper in the open ground is the key to productivity. The growth and development of seedlings, as well as the quality of the crop, depends on this.
- Features when landing
- Choosing a place
- Soil <
- Fertilizers <
- Preparatory stages
- Feeding <
- Watering <
- Planting technology
- Landing pattern
Features when planting
When planting pepper seedlings in open ground, the following features are taken into account:
- cultivation temperature with hot pepper or bitter pepper,
- desired moisture level,
- cultivation method: as a rule, this vegetable crop is cultivated without pinching and pinching, however, for some varieties of sweet Bulgarian and bitter pepper, these procedures increase the yield ,
- illumination of the place to be planted,
- soil condition: sweet and bitter varieties do not grow on acidic soils.
The most suitable varieties for landings in open ground – Gladiator, Ermak, Victoria, sharp Chile, Vietnamese bouquet, Ukrainian and others.
Planting dates are directly dependent on the climate. Landing occurs in May in May, and in June in colder regions.
Choosing a place
In open ground, pepper does not grow well on beds near which groundwater passes. This should be considered when choosing a place to grow. The problem with the occurrence of soil flows is solved by erecting a high warm bed.
The plot for growing vegetables should be protected from wind drafts. For this purpose, summer residents near the place where they plant bushes of sweet Bulgarian and hot pepper often make a partition or wattle from plants. It is good for this planting of corn in 1-2 rows at a distance of 0.7-1.0 m from the beds of pepper, which are sown 2-3 weeks before transplanting pepper seedlings.
When planting pepper seedlings, the soil in open conditions should be fertile and moist.
Measures for improving the soil:
- Add rotted sawdust (10 l per 1 sq. m. of planting area), manure (in the same volume), peat (20 l per 1 sq. m of beds).
- Add coarse river sand and rotted sawdust (1 bucket).
- For peat soil, turf or humus is added, 10 l of n and 1 sq. m.
- They add peat or clay: 20 l of humus with 10 l of wood shavings.
Before planting the soil for seedlings peppers fertilize: 1 square. m landings account for 1 tbsp. fly ash and superphosphate, 1 tbsp. l potassium sulfate and 1 tsp. urea.When all the required nutrient components are added, the earth is dug up and beds are made at a height of about 30 cm. The leveled soil surface is watered with mulled water (0.5 l per bucket) or sodium humate (1 tbsp. Per 10 l of water).
The rate of consumption of fertilizer solutions is about 4 liters per 1 square. m.
To grow strong young seedlings for subsequent planting in open ground, you need to regularly perform mineral fertilizing and properly water them.
Pepper likes organic matter, which is recommended to be applied to the soil at intervals of every 10 days. Also, after a dive, the plants respond well to foliar spraying. Among the suitable drugs, Kemira Combi occupies a special place. This fertilizer has many useful mineral components. The solution is diluted with water by spraying the foliage, conducting such events in the morning, before the sun starts to warm.
Yellow spots that appear on the foliage indicate a lack of a nitrogen-containing component.
Regular watering is important for the full development of seedlings along with the right fertilizer. Watering young seedlings is necessary so as not to over-moisten the soil and not to make it too dry.Rarely conducted irrigation leads to leaf decay and general wilting, and excessive irrigation leads to impaired development of the measles system.
Before planting the grown seedlings in open ground, for 2 weeks before the date of disembarkation, it is tempered. Start by moving the seedlings to a temperature of about 15 ° C, gradually lowering the degree to 11 ° C.
Having reached the age of 50-60 days when 7 -9 developed leaves, if strong internodes have formed, the seedlings are ready for planting.
The evening is considered the most suitable time for planting pepper. Before transplanting to an open bed, hardened seedlings are carefully watered: then they will not become sluggish and will not lag behind in development.
To prevent young plants from breaking, installed pegs can be tied to which the bush is subsequently tied up.
200-300 g of vermicompost is poured into each well, a spoonful of ash powder and a spoonful of crushed eggshells are poured into 1-2 liters of a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Young peppers are planted in an open soil at the same height at which they grew seedlings with acceptable for with a depth of not more than 2 cm. Tall pepper varieties are planted in the center of the soil, and undersized – on the sides of the beds.
Planting pattern can be in rows, every 0 , 65 m with a distance between bushes of 0.4 m.You can also plant sweet pepper in a square-nesting manner according to the scheme of 60 cm x 60 cm or 70 cm x 70 cm. Some summer residents prefer to plant young seedlings 2-3 in one hole, however, thickened planting leads to a decrease in yield.
Reduce the amount of watering and the need for prop This method involves planting peppers in open ground in the holes made in the film, which are previously covered with a fertilized, moistened and peat-mulled bed. In this planting, a 45 cm x 50 cm scheme is used.
After young seedlings are planted, seedlings take root slowly, therefore it is important at this stage to help plants adapt to new, non-domestic conditions and improve air circulation by loosening the ground around the bush.
If the agricultural technology was carried out correctly, Bulgarian sweet or hot pepper will delight the owners with taste and productivity.