In order not to get a mixed type of garlic, you need to transplant it to a new place. Consider how to transplant garlic in spring without harming the crop.
- Transplant rules and procedures
- General recommendations
- Preparation of beds
- Care after transplantation
- Feeding <
- Watering <
- Mulching <
- Pest Control
- Benefits of the
- Conclusion <
Transplant rules and procedure
Many winter garlic transplants are carried out Reasons: for example, a planted plant in the winter did not survive the cold and not all rose in the spring. As a result, a large number of rotten bulbs are often found on the beds. The seedlings are transferred to pre-prepared beds. The rules and principles of planting are almost identical to planting the plant in a spring way.
Following the rules of transplantation and care, you can get a crop of excellent quality. The basic principles, as well as the procedure for carrying out a garlic transplant, are the same for all its varieties.
It is recommended to place garlic transplant sites on higher ground. The place should be warmed up by the sun and be reliably protected from the winds.
The optimal time for transplanting a wintering plant is late March or early April. By this moment bald spots on the garden bed are already clearly visible. Timing depends on the region and strip.
Garlic is transplanted in dry, warm weather. It is better to do this in the middle of the day or in the late afternoon. The soil in the new place should not stick to the hands and garden tools. But the soil, where the vegetable is already growing, should be well watered per day.
When choosing a site for transplantation, you should make sure that the plant is fenced from onions. The distance between them should be at least 3 m. The best neighbors of garlic will be legumes and cruciferous crops: beans, peas, cabbage and radishes.
Preparation of beds
Transplant winter garlic , already sprouted and having its own root system, can only be in soft soil. Therefore, the earth should be dug up. Loosening the beds for transplanting winter spicy vegetables is better with a pitchfork rather than a shovel.
The selected plot of land must be fertilized. The best growth stimulants are:
- wood ash;
Chemical complex substances contribute strictly adhering to the recommended dosage. Ash is used at the rate of 1 kg per 1 m². All mineral fertilizers are applied before digging. The preparation of the site is completed by leveling the soil with a rake.
Neglecting transplant recommendations will reduce the quality of the bulbs.
- Wells are marked out in a new place. The distance between plants should be 15 cm, and the row spacing should be at least 30 cm. It is convenient to make a hole for a clove with a thick stick. The depth of the hole should be no more than 10 cm.
- The emerging garlic is dug up one at a time. For this purpose, use a garden heart-shaped shovel on a short handle. The tool is placed at a distance of 5 cm from the shoot and slowly deepened into the ground.
- With your free hand, carefully grab the green leaves and slowly pull the plant up, trying not to make sudden movements. Careless action can lead to separation of the tops. Then it will be inconvenient to get a clove from the ground.
- Transfer the plant with a lump of earth to a permanent place and deepen it into the prepared hole.
- After all the cloves have been planted, the holes are sprinkled with earth.
- A plot with garlic seedlings is watered and then covered with white agrofiber for about a day.
Correctly transplanted garlic will take root on the fifth day. This is evidenced by the alignment of the tops and the acceleration of its growth.
Care after transplantation
Garlic, transplanted in a permanent place in the spring, requires more attention than spring or winter crops. The main efforts should be aimed at rooting seedlings. To do this, it is recommended that 1 time in 10 days to produce root dressing of plants. You need to apply fertilizer three times.
At the time of ovary formation and during the period of active growth, the bulbs are poured with infusion of mullein or bird droppings. Top dressing is prepared from 1 kg of fresh manure, diluted in 10 liters. water. The fertilizer is insisted for 3 days, and then again diluted with water. The working concentration of natural fertilizer from mullein is 1 liter. infusion of 10 liters. water. Chicken droppings are more concentrated, so the final product is prepared from 500 ml of substance and 10 liters. water.
Transplanted garlic requires watering and timely cultivation of row-spacings. The latter does not allow water to stagnate and prevents root rot.
To optimize the metabolic processes in the soil, the soil should be mulched. For these purposes, use:
- bark of conifers;
- dry straw;
- rotted wood shavings.
They also cover the ground with medium-density agrofiber.Do not use fruit tree bark, as well as fresh sawdust for mulching row-spacings. These materials, when naturally decomposed, attract parasites and damage the soil.
Transplanted garlic needs to be removed. They are harvested after the length of future inflorescences reaches 10 cm. The best way is to pinch the shoots at the base. The sooner the testes are pulled out, the larger and healthier the bulb will be.
In case of infection of the soil with pests, a standard complex of control is carried out. Insecticides and fungicides are used that do not affect the crop quality, presentation and keeping quality of the vegetable.
Advantages of the procedure
The transplanted vegetable has a number of differences from winter or spring plants. The main indicators for comparison are the size of the bulbs and their ripening time.
Transplanted winter garlic usually has more teeth than planted in the usual way. This is due to the process of rooting the plant. The ripening of the transplanted vegetable is shifted about two weeks ago. Dry foliage and marked stiffness of the main stem are signs of full maturity.
The harvest of transplanted winter garlic is stored for a very long time.
With a spring transplant, the bulb grows large. Such a procedure will significantly accelerate the development of culture and increase the quality of the fetus.