Echinopsis is the most common cactus genus and probably the easiest to care for. These plants don’t get much attention until they bloom. Flowering, unfortunately, is short (1-3 days, depending on the air temperature), but very effective. You look at a huge flower that appeared literally overnight, and involuntarily exclaim: “Who would have thought!”. So much for a nondescript echinopsis.
First, fluffy lumps form on the surface of the stems (more often on the shadow side), which then quickly stretch into a tube that opens into a gramophone flower. Older specimens of Echinopsis can produce more than 25 flowers at a time.
Echinopsis sharp-edged. Farmer Burea-Uinsurance.com Alan Levine
Echinopsis (Echinopsis) Is a genus of plants of the Cactus family, which includes about 150 species.
The flowers of this plant are funnel-shaped, 20-25 cm long, white, less often pink or red. It begins to bloom from the age of 3. By the way, echinos is translated from Greek as “hedgehog”, because this plant really resembles a hedgehog both in shape and with its spines.
Proper wintering is the main condition for echinopsis flowering
Sometimes Echinopsis does not bloom for a long time. It turns out that for this he needs to create certain conditions. For example, once we left flowerpots with plants on a cold loggia. They survived the cold easily, and already in May they bloomed, so much so that there was literally no free space left. And only over time they learned that for abundant flowering this plant in winter needs to provide a cold temperature regime.
Echinopsis for the winter must be placed on a light windowsill, and moved as close as possible to the glass, where the lowest temperature is, or taken out to a warmed loggia. The main thing is that the temperature does not drop below + 5 ° C. In such conditions, Echinopsis “falls asleep”.
During wintering, Echinopsis practically does not need watering. And do not be afraid that the cactus will dry out – it has accumulated enough moisture to successfully overwinter. In the homeland of Echinopsis, winter is a dry and cold season. And in the spring it is necessary to gradually accustom Echinopsis to watering.
What conditions are required for Echinopsis?
Place for echinopsis
Since his homeland is South America, he prefers sunny and bright places, southern windows are suitable for growing. True, Echinopsis must gradually get used to bright light (if it was not enough in winter) so that there is no burn. In winter, during the dormant period, the plant requires a temperature not higher than +10 degrees.
Correct watering of echinopsis
The main condition for growing it is infrequent watering. From April to September, the plant is watered occasionally, and in winter it is placed in a bright room and almost never watered. When the substrate is waterlogged, the roots rot, the stems may crack. At the same time, over-drying, as well as excess fertilization, leads to the formation of a large number of lateral shoots, which negatively affects flowering.
In addition, this cactus is very fond of fresh air.
During the spring-summer period, once a month, the flowerpot can be fed with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers.
Reproduction of echinopsis
Echinopsis reproduces from seeds or lateral shoots – “cactus”. The seed method is better, as the seeds grow more beautiful plants with bright flowers. For this, the seeds are placed in a pot and sprinkled with a thin layer of earth. Keep in a dark, humid room until shoots appear.
When propagated by sprouts, the plant will be identical to the mother. The children are separated with a sharp knife, the cut is allowed to dry, and a week later they are planted in a pot. If the children are already rooted, they are planted immediately.
The substrate for planting should be light, it can be prepared from sand and leafy earth. Such a soil mixture is also suitable: into 2 parts of sod – 1 part of leaf, peat land, humus, sand. Drainage is required.
Plants are preferably transplanted once a year. The planting should be shallow, and the capacity should not be large, but not small, so that the plant is not cramped. For normal growth and flowering, excess babies should be removed, leaving only a few.
Echinopsis can be affected by spider mites and scabbards. Then he is rescued with acaricides and insecticides.
Council: if you want your echinopsis to look even more beautiful, drag the surface of the earth around it with pebbles or shells.