Beekeeping products are in great demand. Therefore, this type of activity is considered profitable in our country. However, in order to expand and make a profitable honey business, the beekeeper needs to prepare and optimize production. Standardization helps to serve industrial beekeeping and get a quality product for sale.
Differences between industrial and amateur beekeeping
In addition to amateur breeding of bee colonies, there is industrial production. Automating the insect care and breeding process allows you to remove more honey.
Professional production of bee waste products is distinguished by:
- the content of the apiary is standardized;
- unification of equipment;
- breeding work with bees;
- compulsory certification.
Manufactured honey is of better quality when compared to amateur honey. This method of collecting a bribe reduces the cost of the finished product.
Goals and objectives of industrial beekeeping
The main purpose of the beekeeper is to collect and sell honey and related products. However, in order to increase the farm and receive a stable income, it requires:
- arrangement of an apiary;
- buying bee colonies;
- technical support of hives;
- keeping families in suitable conditions;
- search for a sales market.
Keeping bee colonies requires knowledge. The acquisition of skills helps to expand the apiary and increase the amount of collected bribes. However, for the profitability of the business, it is necessary to establish the sale of the collected product.
Development of industrial beekeeping technology
On the territory of the Russian Federation, the demand for beekeeping products is high. However, this industry is underdeveloped. This is what caused the shortage of honey and auxiliary products in the domestic market. Farms development schemes abroad serve as a good example for domestic beekeepers how to expand, increase the amount of collected bribes and reduce funding.
The foreign scheme is gradually being adapted to domestic apiaries. To create a profitable honey production.
Beekeepers of Finland, Mexico and Turkey have achieved great results in this direction. In these countries, the process of obtaining honey is unified and standardized. Thus, our foreign colleagues managed to increase large production volumes.
Foreign colleagues are settling bee farms in a multi-hive hive. Domestic beekeepers, due to climatic features, breed insects in sun loungers. In countries with developed honey production, beehives are made from expanded polystyrene material. We still take wood for the production of houses.
The advantages of industrial beekeeping
The organization of a beekeeping farm on an industrial scale has a number of advantages:
- reducing material costs. The cost of honey is getting lower;
- when concluding an agreement with agricultural companies, both parties benefit. Tenant, pollination of fields, and beekeeper is a good bribe;
- professional performance of breeding work;
- operation of the equipment allows you to serve more hives;
- apiaries create new layering from existing families.
The introduction of modern technologies helps to increase the harvest at the bee farm. And the automation of the process minimizes the labor costs of auxiliary workers.
Is it beneficial to keep bees
When planning to engage in beekeeping, beekeepers are interested in how profitable this direction of agriculture is. The maintenance and breeding of bees on an industrial scale is profitable. But to create a profitable farm, you need a business plan and about 100 families.
The process of expanding and harvesting is important. However, in the absence of a buyer, it is impossible to talk about the profitability of the business. Therefore, while increasing the bee farm, the owner needs to take care of the market for the natural product.
Expanding an apiary is a profitable business. However, the development of this area of agriculture is fraught with risks. Even proper care and adherence to technological processes may not be sufficient if:
- it was an excessively cold or hot summer;
- the hive has been stolen;
- a fire broke out;
- natural disasters.
Weather conditions affect the quality and quantity of the collected honey. But with a properly organized process, it is possible to withdraw a large bribe.
Conditions for the organization of an industrial apiary
In industrial apiaries, most of the work is carried out on equipment. However, both ancillary and automated activities involve the performance of a number of tasks by employees. With a mechanical process, a minimum of people are required to run a household.
To organize and expand a bee farm, the beekeeper must provide:
- installation of equipment for pumping honey and processing secondary raw materials;
- for each region, a bee species adapted to the local climate is selected. The choice of families is taken seriously in order to avoid the death of workers during the period of the main bribe;
- regular replacement of the mother to strengthen families;
- purchase of materials and feed from sellers;
- organization of bee care. To obtain high quality honey and expand the bee farm.
If there are 500 working hives on the bee form. The apiary is considered to be industrial.
The commercial production of honey must be carried out legally. For this, they are registered as individual entrepreneurs.
Apiary size and location
When building an industrial apiary, it is necessary to place from 500 to 5 hives in order to receive a stable income. There are successful bee farms in Russia with about 000 families. The profitability of such farms is high.
It is convenient to increase the number of bee colonies at the expense of our own resources. For this, beekeepers form layers from strong families. This method of growing a business has a number of advantages:
- bee colonies become strong;
- the number of insects is increasing;
- breeding work is in progress;
- the beekeeper warns swarming.
In addition, the productivity of the hive increases with the nomadic method. Concluding an agreement with owners or tenants of agricultural land will help increase bribes. Moreover, labor costs will remain unchanged.
When organizing an apiary for industrial purposes, at first, the hives are installed at their summer cottage. In honey regions, beekeeping products are of high quality. This is due to the climate and the growing melliferous plants. Particular attention should be paid to Udmurtia, Bashkiria, Perm Territory, Krasnodar and Altai. These Russian regions are the best for starting a honey production business.
In order for an industrial apiary to work fully, it is required to adhere to the rules of automation of this industry. Growing insects honey plants are engaged after the organization of a bee farm. Moreover, if a foreign scheme for expanding a business direction is taken as a basis, some points need to be reformatted to suit the climate of the region. This applies to the transport system and physiological characteristics of bee colonies.
The following steps are essential for the commercial breeding of bees:
- installation of conveyor equipment;
- process optimization;
- selection using only certain types of bee colonies;
- continuous supply of consumables and feed;
- the formation of new layering for expanding the farm and as a counter-attack method;
- regular replacement of queens.
Using these steps in the domestic industrial beekeeping, it will be possible to enter the mass production of high quality bee waste products.
Industrial production of honey involves the use of conveyor-type equipment. Amateur technologies are unacceptable in this line of business. Large-scale breeding of bees should be equipped with the following equipment:
- frames and hardware;
- devices for printing hundredths;
- devices for collecting pollen, bee bread, propolis and other waste products of insects;
- honey extractors.
Equipment for the processing of wax and the production of foundation will also be required.
You can automate your workflow to reduce the cost of your bee farm. But it will not be possible to completely abandon auxiliary workers. As a rule, in the case of mass production of honey, there should be one person per 1000 bee colonies. Some apiaries, equipped with modern equipment for 10 bee colonies, have 000-3 workers.
The organization of the workflow in an industrial apiary requires auxiliary workers. But employees do not need to know the technological process of breeding bee colonies.
According to experienced beekeepers, the profitability of beekeeping is 25-30%. Equipment, protective suits and other ancillary materials are covered in one season. But if you correctly approach the development of the apiary. Already in the first season, it will be possible to fully cover the costs and make a profit.
For a clear understanding of profitability, we present a comparative table:
- 1 liter of the product of bees’ activity costs 500 rubles;
- on average, one family per season gives 35 liters of honey, which is equal to 20 rubles;
- if you place 10 hives at the dacha, the amount of the collected product will increase tenfold and will be equal to 200.
Beekeeping products are stored for a long time. This allows you to reduce to zero possible losses from untimely implementation.
The more bee families are placed, the more substantial the income. Moreover, the costs in both cases are the same.
A good example of industrial organization of an apiary
The increase in the amount of collection of bribes and other related products of bee vital activity is slow. However, successful farms do exist. And the clearest example of this is the “Nikolayev Family Apiary”.
This family business has over 8 million insects. The head has been expanding the apiary for 8 years. And during this period he built an apiary on a production scale. The Nikolaevs’ business is the introduction of new methods, with the help of which the company is constantly expanding. In addition to the Nikolaevs, there are other successful examples of business expansion. Thanks to the intensive development of domestic beekeeping, plans to export products outside the country have become real.
Features of industrial beekeeping in Russia
Industrial beekeeping in Russia originated over a century ago. But the war years and the reformation of this direction had a negative impact on the production of products on a scale of industry. And only over the past 10 years, the interest in beekeeping as a business direction has grown significantly.
The honey harvesting business is considered profitable. But, while there is a shortage of these products. And even substitution with imported honey does not cover the demand. However, the prospects for the development of this direction are great. And there are a number of prerequisites for this:
- good climatic conditions;
- a large number of flowering plants;
- huge territories.
Knowledge is required to run a profitable business on an industrial scale. In addition, a step-by-step plan is important.
The state of industrial beekeeping today
In the Russian Federation, industrial collection of bribes is just beginning to develop. Therefore, the amount of products collected annually does not cover the demand of the domestic market. And although the country has created conditions for the breeding of bees. This direction of agriculture is in fact only in its infancy.
The reserves of our country at the disposal of man are partially exploited. Therefore, other countries are leading in this segment.
Federal Beekeeping Act
In the Russian Federation, a federal law has been developed and adopted that regulates the activities of the bee business. Thus, the state set a goal to seriously develop this direction of agriculture:
- the budget provides for funds to expand this agricultural direction;
- requirements for sanitary control over apiaries have been tightened to owners;
- registration of a bee farm is carried out with reference to the location;
- every bee farm must have a plate with a registration number and contact details.
The law was developed with the aim of regulating the activities of beekeepers in the breeding, use and protection of bees. In addition, this document allows the expansion of the farm, subject to compliance with veterinary standards.
Honey regions of Russia
There are regions on the territory of the Russian Federation where the placement of industrial bee farms will bring profitability. Farms located in the following territories are successfully developing today:
- Altai region;
- Perm region;
The most valuable is honey and bee-keeping products obtained in Altai, Perm and Udmurtia.
The largest farm development programs are in operation in the Perm Territory. State financial support for the industrial beekeeping sector is important. Since it allows you to expand this direction and enter the world market in the future.
The Russian Federation has the prerequisites to become a leader in the collection and sale of honey and related beekeeping products:
- the presence of honey regions;
- suitable climatic conditions;
- the possibility of introducing modern equipment to automate the process;
- the presence of breeding institutes.
The main conditions for the development of this agricultural area are climatic conditions, large land areas and developed infrastructure. All this is on the territory of Russia.
Industrial beekeeping in other countries
Foreign beekeeping is much more developed than in Russia. The development of a destination in Finland is a good example.
Finland’s climate is harsh. Winters are cold and long here, and summers are short and rainy. However, climatic conditions did not become an obstacle for honey collection. Their honey business expansion scheme is adapted to external conditions. But in order to achieve this result, the Finns brought in insects of the American breed.
When the question arose of how to eliminate the lack of places for collecting bribes, the local owners of bee farms arranged the hives in a certain order with distance from each other. This made it possible to cover the deficit in honey flowers. Finnish beekeepers breed up to 10 bee colonies. So it is many times easier to provide proper care for a small farm and increase the harvest. In one season, a family collects up to 50 kg of honey.
And in conclusion, we note that this type of business on the territory of the Russian Federation has not yet been fully developed. However, there are successful enterprises with standardized production. Their activities are constantly expanding and there are already plans to enter the international market. But novice entrepreneurs can also occupy a niche and develop this agricultural direction.