Poultry is a profitable investment of money and effort. Ducks, geese, hens are unpretentious and hardy birds that give eggs, meat product and valuable fluff. Ducks live in wild or domestic conditions, while the lifestyle of different species of birds is practically the same.
- Duck – free bird
- How the breed
- was created Description of the ducks: basic characteristics and lifestyle
- Appearance of the representative of the breed
- How different types of ducks eat
- Delicious poultry
- Interesting facts
- Duck is a difficult bird
Domestic flocks are of interest as a source of food, but many facts remain unknown for but for experienced farmers. The duckling quickly grows into a healthy male or female and, with proper care, gives offspring. Correctly plan the life of the flock in the interests of man.
Can a duck breathe underwater? What will happen if a domesticated bird flies away? these questions will find the most unexpected answers.
Duck is a free bird
Ducks are apparently the most common birds. Just like geese or other poultry, they are of interest as a source of organic food. The most hardy and resistant to diseases and changes in external temperatures, birds are bred literally in every household. Their home – cages or aviaries, feeders and drinking bowls – is the care of a farmer who is worried about future offspring or the quality of fluff.Feathers of ducks are not thrown away, but used for stuffing pillows or heaters.
A brood of small ducklings is born by the end of summer, and before winter the chicks become strong and hardy. Without proper conditions, ducks die and do not survive until winter. In the natural environment, ducks take care of chicks with the whole flock, even drakes protect the offspring. At home, only a laying hen is engaged in raising young animals, and a person is responsible for their nutrition.
How the breed was created
The best breeds have been cultivated for decades. Today, you can find duck species that have increased egg production or a bird that is rapidly gaining weight. Ducks are bred for a specific purpose, because this is the only way to optimize the work of the entire economy. The name of birds often indicates their basic physiological characteristics. It will be difficult for a novice to breed birds on the farm to get confused. The most popular duck species:
The choice of this or that type of ducks depends on what conditions the farmer can provide and what goals he sets itself. The unpretentious bird takes root in any situation. Turkey or geese will have more problems. Ducks are profitable to breed, and their food is inexpensive (in the summer there is a lot of free green food).Ducks have been specially bred for different belts with low or high temperatures in summer and winter. Such birds will not become a burden for the farmer.
Description of ducks: basic characteristics and lifestyle
A duck is a small-sized waterfowl with a bright color of feathers. It lives near water bodies and green forage. A flock lives harmoniously, each adult protects each other. Paired individuals acquire offspring closer to the fall, and already in winter the flock migrates to the warm regions. Several different species of birds fly in the flock, and it also happens that flocks from other countries, flying a considerable distance in search of warmth or good food, join the group of ducks.
Male or female, especially wild, contacts with people they’re not looking. Quick and fast, they hide in the reeds or tall grass. Females equip nests in secluded places, near water. The flock feeds not only on grass, but also on root crops, sometimes fish.
August, September and October are suitable for breeding ducklings. A wild duck rarely enters a city or densely populated areas. In the period when people hunt, feathered go away to the reeds, keep apart. Male and female are good friends with water, therefore, domesticated individuals need to constantly change drinkers.
Appearance of the representative of the breed
Healthy birds look proportionally, have a diverse color. It is difficult to distinguish species of birds only by the color of feathers, especially for a beginner.A characteristic feature of duck wings is a blue feather that glistens in the sun in different colors. This feather is called a mirror.
Mating games help to distinguish between a female and a male, because outwardly the duck and the drake are similar. During landing on the nests, the feathers change in feathers, so the female will not be able to fly away in September (she molts).
Scientists distinguish several species of birds: earthen, shiny, steamer, diving, river individuals. The classification of ducks may differ, because birds are divided according to different characteristics. The birds are divided into 13 genera, the smaller of which is considered to be earthen. Red drakes and females belong to pegans. Bright birds are found quite often, they are not tied to a particular area.
That duck, which often quacks, refers to mallards. The massive body and dim color do not distinguish it from the circle of representatives of similar species. The black or gray color of feathers helps the winged to hide in high thickets on the banks of water bodies. There is a lot of aggression in ducks of this breed. Drake is difficult to breathe; feathered breathlessness is easy to calculate. Argentine and polar ducks have a long, bright tail.
Red feathers or blue coloration are characteristic of drakes that attract the female. The male attracts the future brood, so the female’s wings are the same color as her carcass. Crest is observed in drakes, he throws it back, but rarely injures. The duck is white (in ducks of the same species the color may vary), but has a bright beak.The orange, olive or gray colors of the beak help identify the species of wild bird. The sharp end of the beak makes it easier for the feathered to catch prey and kill it (insects).
Ducks have many instincts, the main of which is the self-preservation instinct that saves the feathered life even from mortal dangers.
How do different species of ducks eat
How many birds eat food per day? The amount of food is a decisive factor convincing a person to breed birds. Ducks need some food and water. Floating rock is stored in fat in case of adverse environmental conditions.
Ducks with a red beak are the most aggressive, and most often they become the leaders of the pack. The leader earns food for adults and young animals. Yellow color is found in laying ducks that lay on their eggs.
Proper nutrition is extremely important for the health of the livestock, this is one of the steps for caring for ducks, otherwise the farmer should wait for changes in the behavior of winged individuals and the emergence of epidemics of diseases . With poor care, the birds peck at each other, limp, fall to their feet, etc.
To grow a domestic flock, where there will be a lot of meat and feathers in ducks, it is not difficult if you maintain the bird’s natural lifestyle. What is the best way to feed domesticated animals? The pace and growth of birds depends on the main feed and supplements in the form of complementary foods.
Daily chicks need to be trained in dry food, but ducks should add more calcium and cereals to the feeder. Grass is the best option for domesticated and wild flocks. Greens contain vitamins, nutrients, and such food is not toxic. Root crops, which the spleen or female can obtain on their own, will become a source of vitamins. Ducks not only fly, but also dive deep. Birds fledge in the second month of life, and from that moment, water for ducklings is not terrible. They love feathered bran, waste from the production of sugar or oils. Spearfishing for drakes with crests is a familiar thing. This is how birds catch fish for the whole flock.
A dish prepared from duck meat is wholesome, hearty and unusually tasty, every housewife knows. The calorie content of meat products is high. It’s easy to cook meat, just marinate the breast and fry it or bake in the oven. With honey, such a brisket turns soft and juicy. With fruits, lingonberries or vegetables, the brisket will not be that oily fat. Fry meat products from ducks with a small amount of oil. Duck fat is a storehouse of nutrients and a healthy product. It is used instead of oil for frying meat. Delicious grease for fish or ducklings will not harm even in dietary nutrition (in limited quantities). It’s difficult to buy fat in stores, but cooking lard yourself is very simple.
Making ducklings is an exciting experience for both the professional and the amateur chef. Tasty and healthy food is complemented by hearty and low-calorie side dishes. The farmer can be sure of the quality of such a product, and a stuffed piece of meat will come in handy for a regular or festive dinner. Duck with mushrooms or duck roll will dilute the usual boring diet.Dishes may not be obtained the first time, but the meat product from the duckling will still be soft.
Duck eggs are used less often in cooking, although the yolk and protein contain many useful substances that the human body needs.
A dry description of the breed cannot give an accurate picture of duck flocks. A photo of bright birds also does not help to determine how profitable it is to get ducks. Organic food and hand-made meals will benefit both adults and small family members. What is interesting about this type of domesticated bird? Here are some interesting facts to help a novice farmer decide:
- Most domesticated duck flocks are found in China. According to statistics, over 2 million young growth representatives appear in China over the year. Three quarters of all birds that are raised in the world are in the land of the rising sun. The Chinese like ducklings and they often eat it in various dishes. The duck is pickled, roasted, baked and dried using a special technology.
- To date, scientists have more than 100 duck species, including domesticated and wild birds.
- Drakes and ducks are notable for the fact that they bypassed the laws of physics known to man. Any sounds (of different frequencies and loudness) that they make are beaten off from objects and the environment. This phenomenon is due to the formation of an echo.It is impossible to hear duck quacking in the echoed sound. Wherever a person stands, he can only hear the quacking of a bird.
- Quack in the form in which a person distinguishes laryngeal sounds, only females. Drakes emit a hiss, which is warned by rivals about the movement of the male. Females attract quacking potential partners.
- The number of vertebrae in the short neck of ducks is greater than that of a giraffe. An amazing fact is that the vertebrae of ducks are very small. A couple of dozens of such bone processes adjoin the head. This species of birds is not famous for its long cervical division.
- In ducks, especially small ones, the parental instinct is poorly developed. Ducklings are easy to plant for a chicken, and they will take her for her mother. Chicks consider their mother to be the mother they saw first.
- The wings of the representatives of the ducks never get wet. On the feathers of ducks, special fat is distributed, produced by the glands under the skin. Such fat protects the plumage and repels excess moisture.
Interesting facts will help to understand what type of farmer is better to choose for breeding. Also, the nuances of the description and characteristics of the behavior of birds will help to grow worthy offspring.
Duck is a difficult bird
In a day, a white duck can overcome up to hundreds of kilometers without respite. Feathered birds fly with a stick or wedge, looking for warmth, but not all birds leave their usual place of residence.The flight speed can reach 100 km / h, but 170 km / h is considered the maximum indicator of the speed of ducks. Altogether, birds have 3 centuries, each of which has its own function.
This type of bird for fluff or eggs is studied by ornithologists and scientists. Wild species can harm planes or people (during severe droughts, flocks break into the fields and devastate them.)
Domesticated animals that are curious in structure and lifestyle are easily bred on the farm, but they require special care, ducks must be taken care of to realize their productivity. Studying the breed from other angles is useful for any experienced and novice farmer, because the usual information has a lot of tips on keeping birds.