The Jerse breed of cows is known for its cost-effective content that brings good profit to farmers. Breeders achieve consistently high productivity indicators from representatives of this breed.
- About the breed from the Jersey island
- Exterior traits of the breed
- Productivity indices
- Advantages and conditions for breeding
About the breed from the island of Jersey
Jersey cows belonging to one of the oldest representatives of cattle got their name from the island located in the English Channel Jersey in the middle between France and England. The animals appeared as a result of crossbreeding of local Norman and British cattle in order to improve their quality characteristics. Inbreeding was actively used in the breeding process, therefore, specific features of the overdeveloped constitution and dry physique began to be fixed.
Many are inclined to believe that cows from the island of Jersey are not suitable for the Russian climate, however, as the practice of domestic livestock breeding shows, it’s vivid nye of this type do not reduce productivity indicators, when they provided a proper diet and maintain adequate conditions of detention. Today Ryazan, Moscow, Novgorod and Leningrad farmers have this direction of cattle.
Derived from crossbreeding of several breeds, this cattle started its further development due to favorable environmental conditions. Only by the end of the XVIII century he was taken under control, and in 1866 appeared on the list of the studbook. Six years later, the agricultural world society learned about the described species of cows, and cattle began to appear in African, New Zealand and North American farms. Today, Jersey cattle are most often used to increase the milk fat content of cattle of other varieties.
Exterior features of the breed
Dairy-related Jersey breed of cows is small in size, which is noticeable in the photo and video.The characteristic of the external exterior differences of animals from other cattle includes a description of its main features:
- a proportionally developed trunk of sufficient length with a characteristic angularity of the body, oblique ribs and a concave dorsal region, narrow (up to 0.35-0.38 m) chest (up to 0.6 m),
- average height – 1.2 m,
- live weight of bulls – 0.6-0.75 tons, heifers – 0 , 4-0.45 t,
- small head with pronounced superciliary arches and a narrow frontal part,
- slightly concave profile due to a short folded front part,
- thin neck covered with leathery folds,
- misplaced back with raised tail section,
- cup-shaped large udder.
As a rule, the color of the Jersey breed of cows in red shades, but can vary from light brown to dark. In some cases, the limbs or lower body are covered with white spots. Bulls differ from heifers in a darker neck, limbs and head. A dark streak runs along the dorsal region.
A compactly folded cow of the Jersey breed can produce a large amount of dairy products with a pleasant smell and delicate taste. The fat component of milk from a Jersey cow forms a thick layer on the surface of the cream.
Regularly monitoring the diet and properly caring for the Jersey breed of cows, you can expect from it up to 30-32 kg of milk with fat content of 6-8% daily.
Average annual yields from the breed of jersey cows vary up to 3.0-3.5 thousand tons. In some, numbers reaching 4000 liters were noted. At the same time, the average fat content is within 5%.
A Jersey cow is bred not so much for meat production as exclusively for receiving milk from it, therefore these animals are not bred for the purpose of obtaining meat products. Cattle jersey provides a slaughter yield in small fractions, meat characteristics of cattle are low.
Advantages and conditions for breeding
Good reproduction characteristics were noted in the Jersey breed. Ripening cows are able to start reproduction of calves already when they reach two years of age, with uncomplicated calving that does not require intervention. Newborn calves weigh 20-22 kg, therefore, they need careful care.
Feeding a calving cow should include feed, followed by three weeks after calving, transferring it to its usual diet.
When the calves reach a week-old jersey, they begin to introduce hay mixed with crushed chalk into their food, and from a month old vegetables (beets, potatoes) are included with a gradual increase in the quantity and dilution of milk supplied with water.
From the age of two months, many farmers begin to give young salt and red clay.
Reviews of private households indicate that the Jersey breed of cows has many advantages that make this species attractive for unless neniya:
- high indicators of milk productivity bring considerable profit,
- qualitative characteristics of milk include a high content of protein and calcium fats, which makes products competitive,
- good the well-established and proven reproductive feature allows you to get healthy offspring without complications during calving and in the absence of consequences after them,
- light weight and tightly folded limbs exclude the appearance of lameness and other ailments associated with the movement of alive
Among The flaws of the reviews indicate some signs of appearance, such as improper posture of the hind limbs.In addition, farmers would like to see more weight and massiveness in the Jersey breed of cows in order to get more meat. Also, this cattle is characterized when kept as by nature restless with a tendency to fear. The price of the Jersey breed of cows starts at 300 rubles. per 1 kg of weight.