Karachaevskaya breed of Caucasian horses

Karachaevskaya breed of Caucasian horses

The ancestors of the popular horse are predecessors from the North Caucasus with eastern and southern roots. The Karachaevsky breed of horses is an important part of the existence of the peoples of the mountains, and this species has many advantages. According to scientists, for the first time Karachayevsky horses were discovered in the XV century. Some stood out for their oriental type, others had a massive physique.

  1. Character <
  2. Main characteristics of the breed
  3. Scope
  4. Kinship of the tribe
  5. Choose a horse
  6. Using horses

Карачаевская порода лошадей

Karachaevskaya horse breed

At that time, there were mountains in the area of ​​the plateau, they were crossed with the brought horses of the East. In the XIX century The Karachaevsky breed of horses has gained immense popularity in the distant places of the mountains of the Caucasus. e horses are resistant to wear, and this attracted the attention of many horse breeders who went to Karachay to get a magnificent animal.The domestic horse was often used in military operations, in intelligence, in hordes of Cossacks.

Only this type of horse is the main in the popular “wild division” of the Circassian regiment. The famous regiment took only such trotters.

No matter how deplorable it may sound, but after some time this popularity brought global decline to the Karachai stud farm, especially during the Civil War. Currently, one can see such horses in photographs that can convey the charm and charm of such individuals.


When going to Karachay for horses, you should first carefully study all the information about breed.

The peoples of the Caucasus historically exist close to each other, they grow animals and create breeds of folk selection. This is how the Karachaevsky horses appeared on the basis of local Mongolian pets.

Karachaevsky horses are unpretentious, hardy and intelligent, probably only Kabardians can compare with them in the mountains.

Such horses are capable of go and climb so high that another horse, born in the lowlands, in their place would have turned their neck long ago.

Horses are the pride of their homeland and are considered faithful and best friends of the locals. Horses have a subtle intellect, they are real horses of highlanders and dzhigits.

The most important difference between representatives of this breed is a soft and comfortable step for the rider. Riders wishing to make a great friend are advised to choose this particular horse.

Main characteristics of the breed

In terms of external indicators, the Karachaev horses are similar to Kabardins. But, considering the work of B.P. Voyatyatsky, it can be concluded that this horse is less adapted for domestication, thus, the distribution of diversity within the breed is higher and the structure of the Karachaevsky representative is a little rude. The horse’s height is lower than Kabardinskaya, the squat is noticeable from this, the mare is also the most massive.

General indicators

  • Height at the withers – 142 cm;
  • OG – 171.5 cm;
  • OP – 17.97 cm.

The head of an ordinary Karachayevsky horse is dry. But even in such a situation, she does not look rude, gorgeous ears move, giving the image expressiveness. The neck of the Karachaevsky horse is not very long, it is medium covered with muscles, its silhouette is straightforward. The stocky withers gradually pass into a straight back, the croup is wide, slightly lowered.

Karachaevsky horses have not very long legs, which, however, are correctly positioned, clubfoot is visible. Between the tribes in the mountains you can see representatives with saber hind legs. The hooves are durable and have a uniform configuration. The mane and tail are moderately fluffy. The color of this horse is very diverse, but in most cases you can see representatives of the bay, black, dark bay colors.

When the Caucasian horse breeders united in peculiar groups, the horses belonged to special families and differed in color. Baychorovskys are bay horses. Kuban – red color. Bayramukovsky – gray. Outside of such a difference, the main color still has other special properties: a belt at the level of the back, stripes, like a zebra. You can see in more detail what the Karachaevsky horses look like in the photo.

The Karachaevsky breed of horses in the photo captivates you. There are no horses that are better suited for riding in the mountains, and this is evident in appearance.Karachay horses are frisky, energetic animals, picky in food, prolific, they easily move from place to place. If you look at the Karachaevskaya breed of horses in the photo, you will notice that modern individuals are distinguished by a strong dry physique. An obvious distinguishing feature is the slightly hunchbacked part of the head with regular ears in the form of a lyre.

The sternum is wide, the legs are muscular, strong, with strong hooves. Mane and tail overgrow medium. The tail often develops.

For the most part, such stallions serve in various industries that originate from agriculture and end with performances in competitions. You can better visualize the appearance of horses by entering the Karachaevskaya breed of horses in the photo in the search bar.

Positive aspects

A special genus includes a lot of advantages, unlike other breeds:

  • Adaptation to existence in the herd.
  • Numerous abilities of genes, this helps to use them for interbreeding within and between breeds.
  • Excellent health and good adaptability to various situations .
  • Huge chances in equestrian sports.


Karachaevsky erebets similar to Kabardians in type, but this horse is used in a variety of activities.For example, applications include:

  • horseback riding;
  • agricultural activities;
  • in military activities.

Since the stallion of the Karachaevsky breed is hardy and able-bodied, it is very necessary for border guards using animals on outposts. This kind of popular horse is used to keep the breed clean. In 2008, the number of Karachaevsky horses totaled 20,000, of which more than 3,000 belong to the elite with a confirmed genus.

In 2009, the Karachaevsky horses regained all the privileges of the breed. In 2014, a special community of lovers of the breeding Karachaevskaya breed was created. Any owners can contact such an organization in order to be helped and supported. With the support of this organization, the Karachaev horses were sent to the Hipposphere exhibition.

Kinship of the tribe

By the time the activity with the withdrawal of the Karachaev horses was scientifically motivated, The domestic policy of the breed has long established male principles. Researcher Urusov distinguished 8 main lines, 6 of them were bred by private horse breeders, the latter 2 were a breeding indicator of Central Asia, where Kabardian horses took part. The most famous was the Dausuz line.

Karachaevsky horses are distinguished by:

  • good health;
  • strong physique;
  • a good degree of reproduction.

The stallion of the Karachayevsky breed Dar was the founder of the main breeding stream, later the stallion Dubochok continued this line. Horse Borey was the founder of an equally popular line.

Karachaevsky horses of this breed were distinguished by large physique and advancement of gait. Such a feature is important: Karachay horses are able to transfer their type inside the breed and cross with others. The descendants of the Karachay stallion Orlik have a difference in physique, they are very reliable, and in the line of Argamak there are signs of a riding horse. Such representatives have high growth and long limbs.

This kind of horse is very convenient for breeding activities. Karachay stallions are able to provide good, capable of survival offspring, even copulating with close relatives. The Karachayevsky breed of domestic horses, as can be seen from the photo, has a difference in a harmonious physique. This helps to balance well when moving on the rocks of Azau. Representatives of Karachai, crossed with just such a breed, also have a difference, which consists in high growth, saberness of the hind limbs, and they also have dark suits.

There are many legends about the horses of the Caucasus. Successful breeding occurs not only depending on the characteristics of such horses, but also on the knowledge of horse breeders on the correct selection of stallions for production.According to the old legends of the people, the Karachais took the young horses to the gorge, the entrance to which was thrown with branches and a rocky embankment. The stallions who were able to get out of the gorge and then return to the herd were mares.

Choose a horse

To choose a frisky horse and a workhorse, you should be responsible for choosing individuals. The best way is to make a purchase at pedigree stud farms, there is an opportunity to personally get acquainted with all the animals and see the parents of the Karachaevskaya horse breed in the photo or live. A qualified breeder will not hide information and will tell you in detail about the features of each individual. It must be ensured that the animal is healthy.

The horse must be non-aggressive and moderately active. Her gaze should be clear and kind. It is better to communicate with animals, only then it will be possible to immediately understand which of them liked the most.

Do not be shy to require documents confirming the availability of vaccinations, indicating the relationship and thoroughness of individuals. Before buying and choosing a breeder, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the Karachaevskaya horse breed in the photo, as well as watch the video. You can chat with local farmers in various forums and learn more about the content and nature of such horses.

Using horses

The described horses have almost no inbred depression. For example, the Dausus clan was bred by inbreeding to the founder. Such horses are hardy. They are also productive, able-bodied, stable and can move in hard-to-reach areas, which allows them to be welcome representatives of agricultural exhibitions.Together with breeding for pure blood, actions are carried out in which species are crossed with stallions of noble high breeds, this is done in order to form the latest group. the satisfaction received is directed to the sports trotters. In the end, representatives who fully preserve the main features of the Karachais, but in which case differ in the most correct appearance, are displayed. Thus, in the more successful Karachaevsky stud farm, breeds of females are 156 cm tall and stallions are even taller. in contests. If you are engaged in breeding and raising such a variety of horses, you can get an excellent working horse and just a friend. If you want to build an equestrian business, this breed is not very suitable, it is best to start it for sporting achievements or just for yourself.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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