Lantana camara (Lantana camara, family Verbenovye) is a low shrub (up to 1 m in height) with branched shoots, which is native to the tropics of America. Lantana leaves are tough, gray-green, ovoid, about 5 cm long, with a high content of essential oils. From spring to autumn, lantana camara is strewn with pink-orange flowers, collected in inflorescences – umbrellas. However, hybrids with white and yellow corollas have been bred. In summer, Lantana prefers to be kept outdoors; it will be a wonderful decoration for a winter garden, terrace or patio in the Mediterranean style. With the help of pruning, lantana can be formed in the form of a compact bush or a standard tree.
West Indian Lantana
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Lantana needs a lot of sunlight, it is better to install it indoors by a large window or on a glazed loggia, veranda. Lantana is not very demanding for air humidity, it is only advisable to spray the bush from time to time. The temperature in summer should be around 20 – 25 ° C; in winter, a cool content at 15 ° C is required.
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Lantana is watered abundantly in summer and moderately in winter. After the buds appear, they begin to feed the plant with liquid fertilizer 2 – 3 times a month. Earlier fertilization is undesirable, it will lead to increased growth of shoots, but lanthanum will bloom weakly. Lantana is transplanted annually in early spring. A mixture of turf, leaf, humus soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 0,5 is prepared for transplantation. Adult specimens can be transplanted less often – once every 2 to 3 years. In the spring, shaping crown pruning is carried out.
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Lantana reproduces well by seeds, which are sown in spring. Reproduction by stem cuttings is possible.
Of the pests, lantana is affected by the spider mite and whitefly; to get rid of them, you need to sprinkle the plant with actellik, fufanon or karbofos. Spots of bacterial origin may appear on the leaves. Diseased leaves must be removed.
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