Leaves turn yellow and dry: causes, treatment

The most vulnerable period for a plant is the seedling stage, they are not yet protected and not adapted for independent growth. The fact that the leaves turn yellow in pepper is a very common problem among summer residents.

  1. Causes of yellowing leaves of pepper and eggplant
  2. Causes of yellowing of pepper leaves in the greenhouse
  3. Causes of yellowing of pepper leaves in the open field
  4. Treatments
  5. Conclusion <

Желтеют и сохнут листья перца

The leaves of pepper

turn yellow and dry In order to preserve the plants, you must follow the basic rules of care. If the peppers are yellowed and grow poorly , as well as the leaves turned yellow and curl or dry, then the rules Healing methods and disease prevention will help save or improve the condition of the vegetable. Peppers are vegetables that are susceptible to changes in temperature, humidity and soil conditions, so you need to constantly monitor all risk factors.

Causes of yellowing leaves in pepper and eggplant

Bushes can turn yellow in a few days, even if the care was maximum.

The root causes of yellowing of the stem in pepper and eggplant may be different and caused by a number of interdependent factors, but the most common are:

  • lack of moisture – these vegetables like moisture, so watering should be regular, especially on hot days;
  • waterlogging – plants can’t tolerate stagnation of moisture, the roots rot because of this, which causes twisting and falling of leaves;
  • lack of nitrogen is one of the most important elements that are necessary for the normal growth of plants and if it is not enough, then vegetables lose their color the ravine looks and weakens, and young fruits soon fall;
  • lack of other macro- and micronutrients – if important chemicals are lacking this can manifest itself in the form of yellowing of the leaves or even the entire stem;
  • influence toxins – if vegetables are planted in the wrong place, they can be poisoned by toxins from plant predecessors, then the lower or upper leaves turn yellow and fall;
  • diseases and pests – the most dangerous are late blight, viral mosaic, spotting and spider mites ;
  • plexus of the root system and “rivalry” p cross-breeding – overly close planting leads to a lack of fertilizer and resources in some plants and an overabundance in others.

Due to ignorance of these simple reasons, many, even experienced gardeners have yellow bushes, weak and stunted. From non-compliance with the rules for caring for vegetables, flowers and ovaries fall, and after that the harvest of such vegetables is three times less than usual.

Reasons for yellowing pepper leaves in the greenhouse

Теплица не защитит от желтых листьев

The greenhouse will not protect against yellow leaves

Sometimes it seems that the greenhouse is the most protected place, but summer residents forget about the rules for planting and growing plants, so even there the plants turn yellow and die. But there are a number of reasons that contribute to the development of unhealthy vegetables and their death. Here’s what you should pay attention to if peppers or eggplant grow in a greenhouse:

  • moisture level – since these vegetables are moisture-loving and sharply feel lack of moisture, the best humidity level for peppers and eggplants is 70%, then homemade peppers will be sweet;
  • the composition of the soil – if there is a lack of fertilizer in the ground on which peppers grow, then the stems almost immediately report this, changing the color of the leaves;
  • temperature conditions – even if a constant temperature is maintained in the greenhouse, then early planting of seedlings, through ki or slight frosts can affect the condition of plants and damage the delicate upper leaves;
  • the presence of fungal or bacterial infections – especially often vegetables in greenhouses or greenhouses affect the black leg, fusarium, verticillosis, septoria, gray rot, late blight;
  • invasion of parasites – even in safe conditions, plants can be attacked by aphids, a bear, slugs and many other pests that love the green leaves of vegetables.

After the negative influence of all factors, in the greenhouses, plants simply can’t grow to the right size and give very little or no yield at all. Therefore, you need to create the right conditions for the growth and good formation of vegetables in greenhouses.

Causes of yellowing of leaves of peppers in the open ground

If the leaves are bitter, hot, sweet pepper turn yellow or curl, this is the reason to think about improving the conditions for its growth.

The causes of yellowing of pepper leaves are usually the following:

  • poverty or lack of light – it is necessary with special carefully choose a place for planting, because these vegetables love sunlight and lighted areas , and if you plant it in the shade or partial shade, the bushes and leaves will fade and turn yellow;
  • excess light – very strong solar activity will contribute to the early decay of chlorophyll, and plants may become yellow;
  • temporary yellowing due to transplantation – this happens during planting in the soil, due to stress, but with good fertilizers and conditions for growth, it goes away;
  • deficiency of fertilizers – if the plants do not have enough nutrition, then the lower leaves turn yellow, and then the entire bush.

If you do not allow the appearance of the above For this reason, the harvest will be larger and better than last year. Compliance with all the rules of care makes it possible to wait for the first fruits a little time after planting.

Methods of treatment

If the sweet pepper turns yellow and leaves fall? To save plants from yellowing and disease, you need to pay attention to risk factors.If the lower or upper leaves have already turned yellow, then special care rules can help:

  1. Increased watering – if the top layer of the earth is dry and decays, this can provoke the factor that the pepper turned yellow, it should be every 3-4 days to water with a small amount of water;
  2. Reduced watering – if you overdo it and water the plants every day, then you need to return to the watering regime once every five days;
  3. Adding macronutrients or balanced fertilizers – you need acquire an organic feeding complex and evenly distribute to eat between plants on the soil;
  4. Support for an optimal temperature balance – normal temperature – 25 degrees, and you can’t water the seedlings or already planted peppers or eggplants with cold water, only warm and preferably planted;
  5. Closing the window with paper sheets or cardboard – if the plants turn yellow even at the seedling stage, then at home there is always the opportunity to protect the plants from excess sunlight;
  6. Spraying from pests – pests can settle in the soil, so it takes time to time Do not spray the bell pepper bushes with organic solutions that will help increase the resistance of the plants;
  7. Proper planting – if possible, then each plant should be placed in a separate pot at a seedling stage, and if planted only in a well-lit area.

Improper care is the very first cause of yellowing of lettuce leaves.Simple rules of prevention and treatment will help to get a quality crop and healthy plants. If you find the right approach to each vegetable, then any pepper bush will please you with good fruits in a short time.

Why do the leaves of pepper seedlings turn yellow
The leaves of pepper and eggplant seedlings curl and turn yellow

  • , title : 'LEAVES TURNING YELLOW ? Here are 5 tips to fix the issue
    LEAVES TURNING YELLOW ? Here are 5 tips to fix the issue


Different diseases can damage the crop and plants, and know in advance what to do if the pepper turns yellow and its young fruits and leaves fall. You need to constantly monitor the condition of the vegetables, because if the leaves turn yellow or fall, this is the first bad call and a call to action against pests.

If the peppers turn yellow , grow poorly, leaves curl, dry or the fruits do not grow to the desired size, then you need to reconsider the approach to growing vegetables. After all, these cultures are very gentle and the slightest non-compliance with the basic rules of care can ruin all efforts.

Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

View all posts by Anna Evans →
Copy link