Marble pumpkin – a special variety, according to the description differs from the classic pumpkin varieties peel color, juiciness and sweetness. Research Institute of Vegetable Economy of Krasnodar. In 1975, it began to be cultivated in the North Caucasus region.reachGoal (‘sood’); “>
- Variety description
- Disadvantages <
- Features of growing
- Preparing a place to plant
- Preparing seeds
- Planting <
- Further care
- Thinning <
- Watering <
- Weeding <
- Feeding <
- Harvesting and storage of the crop
- Conclusion <
Vegetable is a nutmeg variety m, has a specific flavor characteristics and a high content of carotene and sugar. In the marble pumpkin long lashes coated nerassechennymi green leaf blades.
- has a flattened shape;
- the surface is wrinkled, divided into characteristic segments;
- the skin color is gray, in some cases – dark gray with a green tint, it has light gray specks and strips passing between the segments;
- large-fruited, the average weight of the fruit is 4.5-5 kg, however there are some specimens reaching 10 kg;
- the pulp has a carrot color, a light smell of nutmeg, in structure it is dense, according to the description of taste – tender, juicy and sweet, the length of the seeds is 1-3 cm.
Marble pumpkin belongs to mid-season. The ripening period, from the time of emergence of the seedlings to the harvest of the first crop, lasts 130-140 days.
Yields – 1.6-3 kg from 1 m².
The description of the vegetable indicates that the fruit does not crack. Vegetables can be stored for a long time. The vegetable is resistant to white rot, which often appears in other pumpkins. It is eaten both raw and processed. In the process of heat treatment, it does not lose its gastronomic qualities, its structure becomes similar to mashed potatoes with a pleasant nutmeg aftertaste.
The description of the marble pumpkin indicates that it requires more careful care when grown in open soil:
- does not tolerate shading;
- requires proper nutrition;
- needs a long daylight;
- does not tolerate low temperatures;
- does not tolerate drought.
If you violate the rules of cultivation, the fruits develop with a noticeable delay, start to grow smaller, the crop partially decays, and ripened vegetables have undeveloped seed bolls.
Variety marble pumpkins traditionally grown in open ground soil, because it is suitable for the southern regions with warm climates. When cultivated in cool climatic conditions, the vegetable loses its sweetness and does not have time to ripen in a short summer.
Preparing a place for planting
The bed is formed in the area illuminated by the sun, closed from direct wind currents. Preparation of ridges is already in the fall. Dig the earth and at the same time bring humus at the rate of 3-4 kg per 1 m².
Cultivation of the marble variety requires the presence of highly fertile soil without high acidity.
In the spring, before planting seeds in the ground, top dressings containing potassium and phosphorus are added. Wood ash or lime is added to acidified soils.
pumpkin seeds are prepared for planting by pretreatment:
- are heated for 12 hours at a temperature of 40 ° C;
- for 12 hours soaked in an ash solution of room temperature (1 liter of ash in 2 liters of water);
Usually the seeds of the marble variety are planted without first germination. The seeds prepared for planting are laid in the ground when it warms up to a temperature of 13 ° C or higher.
- in the soil layer at a distance of 0.5 m make wide (about 0.3 m) holes 5-6 cm deep;
- pour 2 liters of hot water into each hole;
- after completely absorbing water, 2-3 seeds are put into the hole;
- from above the seeds are covered with earth or mixed in equal parts with humus with dry mineral top dressing.
Heat-loving nutmeg pumpkin at the initial stage after planting is protected from possible frost, cover by film or agrofibre. Material is removed when stable, warm weather is established.
Further care for the nutmeg species includes thinning, watering, weeding and top dressing.
When 3 leaves appear on plants, the planting is thinned, leaving only one, the strongest of the 2-3 planted sprouts, the rest are removed. At the same time, they are not torn out to avoid damage to the root system, but cut off.
The marble look loves moisture, so after planting the seeds are watered every day until the shoots appear. Watering a grown pumpkin is required as the soil dries up, while the volume of water increases to 5 liters per 1 bush. Water is poured strictly under the roots, and before the procedure, the soil is loosened without touching the root system.
Removing weeds directly affects the size of future fruits. Weeds take a large share of the mineral nutrition, damaging developing young sprouts. Weeding also makes it possible to clean the space between vegetables and increases the air flow coming to the roots.
Fertilizing is important for the full development of the variety, because he loves fertile land. Top dressing is carried out 3 weeks after planting:
- initially vegetables are fertilized with solutions on chicken manure or mullein;
- at the stage of inflorescence formation and the appearance of fruits, they use a similar top dressing, adding wood ash to it and mineral complexes.
Minerals that are scarce on minerals are fed several times a month.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting a medium-ripe muscat variety usually It occurs at the end of summer, and in climate-unfavorable regions it begins not earlier than autumn. Before harvesting vegetables, they perform certain actions:
- wait for the pumpkin foliage to dry completely;
- choose a warm and clear day for picking vegetables;
- leave a tail when pruning the stem at least 4 cm long.
For storage, whole and intact vegetables are selected. To preserve vegetables, choose a dry room where the temperature does not drop below 12 ° C. Subject to these conditions, the vegetable retains its visual appeal and gastronomic value for 1 year.
Marble pumpkin belongs to mid-ripening muscat varieties. It is distinguished by a green-gray skin, dissected by stripes. It is grown in open soil in regions with warm cli aticheskimi conditions where frosts begin no earlier than October.