An orchid is a beautiful and delicate flower that brings good mood and joy with its exotic look. Liodoro orchid is an unusual specimen and will become the highlight of any flower garden.
- Variety description
- Planting <
- Care <
- Diseases and pests
- Pest control
- Pest control
Phalaenopsis Liodoro is a recent hybrid The color can be different: from yellow to deep pink, and sometimes almost raspberry shade, with a good it has an aroma reminiscent of a lily of the valley with notes of lime.
A feature of this species is flowering in batches, about 5 flowers per period. The leaves are light green in color, with a delicate structure. The stem reaches 50 cm in length.
The Liodoro stem when grown at home requires certain care rules to be followed.
Phalaenopsis Liodoro needs a lot of light.
The size of the pot for planting should be about 1.5 – 2 liters to make good drainage under the substrate.
Essential tvuyut difference in the technique of planting seeds or seedlings.
crockery will be needed, which can be sterilized and close the lid.
To prepare the solution, 150-200 g of distilled water is taken and poured into agar-agar. After its swelling, it is put on a steam bath and adjusted to dissolve the agar. Then add glucose or table sugar (1: 1). Dilute the mixture with 1 liter of water and bring to a boil.
The acidity of the medium at home is measured by special litmus indicators. A pH of 4.8 – 5.2 is ideal for seeds.
Before sowing, the seeds are disinfected with a solution of bleach, for 5 to 10 minutes. Then placed in a sterilized container with the prepared solution and substrate. At a temperature of 18 – 23 ° C, sprouts will appear within 7-30 days. When the sprouts finally get stronger, transfer to a non-sterile environment (it takes about a year).
To prepare the non-sterile substrate, you will need:
- moss sphagnum;
- pine bark:
- drainage layer.
For the drainage layer, broken brick, polystyrene, large pieces of bark are suitable. The flower sprout is treated with a solution of foundationazole and placed in a pre-steamed substrate.
The sprouting technology is much simpler for home growing. Phalaenopsis liodoro children are sold in small pots with a special substrate of moss, they are already well-rooted and ready to be transplanted into a more spacious pot, for permanent residence.
For this you need:
- basket or pot;
- drainage layer.
The container is filled with a layer of brick or large bark, from above it is partially filled with a substrate. The young plant is laid down on the soil with roots, and then carefully sprinkled with the remains of the substrate.
Use transparent pots to monitor the state of the roots of the flower.
After transplantation to a permanent place, phalaenopsis liodoro requires proper care. It includes:
- temperature and lighting.
The main part of the fertilizer is applied during the period of rapid growth, when the plant requires more minerals. To do this, use special solutions sold in flower shops. To feed once a week.
Phalaenopsis Liodoro does not require abundant watering, because the substrate with moss retain moisture well. To prevent drying out and slightly moisten the roots, immerse the pot in warm water for a few seconds.
Timely dry parts are trimmed, dried leaves and buds are regularly removed to facilitate orchid growth.
The flower does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature, the optimum room temperature is from 19 to 21 ° C. At night, the air should be slightly cooler.
Humidity level 50 – 60%. With the control of humidity in the room, household humidifiers do an excellent job.
Diseases and pests
Even at home, flowers are not immune to diseases and pests. Deviations noticed in time can save the flower at an early stage of infection.
Fight against diseases
The main diseases are different types of rot, fungi and infections:
- powdery mildew;
Anthracnose appears on the sheets in the form spots darkening over time. Remove the affected leaves, and treat the places of the slices with iodine. In the later stages, drugs such as Mikasan and Ritomil are used. A fungal disease called Powdery Mildew, common, appears in rooms that are too warm and humid. It is treated with abundant watering, and after an hour it is treated with a solution of colloidal sulfur, or with Skor, taking into account the description of the drug.
For all types of rot, the treatment is similar. The damaged tissue site is removed, and the rest is sprayed with an antifungal agent. In severe cases, substrate replacement is required, especially for root lesions.
There are several main pests that pose a danger to the phalaenopsis:
Aphids are small, invisible beetles that feed on orchid leaves and release toxic substances. They are eliminated with soapy water, and the plant is washed with a phytoerm solution.
Nematode – worms, 1 – 2 mm in length, breaking through channels in leaves. Rinse the substrate with levimisil or decaris.
Scutellum – appears as a tubercle on the stems or leaves. It is removed by brushing and phytoderm processing of the entire flower and substrate.
For the purpose of prevention, you should constantly monitor the orchid. If you suspect a fungus, treat with fungicidal agents. Change the substrate periodically.
Growing phalaenopsis liodoro has a lot of difficulties, since the flower is finicky and tender, requires special care. But not one grower will not be able to refuse such beauty and grace in his collection.