The content of the article
Eastern visitor – tricolor violet – famous
we also like “pansies” in the plant world “specializes”
in the treatment of cardiovascular, skin and gynecological diseases.
Plus, pansies can help when problems arise.
with the gastrointestinal tract and urinary system. But also quite serious restrictions
for the use of pansies in therapy also exist.
Useful properties of pansies
Composition and nutrients
Pansies are composed of a set of different chemicals,
such as: insulin, ascorbic acid, salicylic acid, vitamin
C, essential oil, tannin, violaemetin alkaloid, polysaccharides.
The plant has a choleretic, diuretic, expectorant and antiseptic
effect. It is used in the treatment of female diseases, skin diseases,
colds, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, urinary
The presence of zinc, selenium, potassium in the plant provides it with a wide
application in cosmetology.
In what form are used
For the treatment of diseases, mainly decoctions, tinctures,
syrups. During the preparation of cosmetic masks are used
crushed flower petals.
in a container with 1 tbsp. l. chopped dried herbs pour 1 tbsp.
hot water and boil for at least 15 minutes. Chilled received
strain the broth well. It is compulsory to take the medicine received.
every day 3-4 times after meals for 1/3 tbsp.
Cold treatment: pour 2 tbsp into a thermos. l. dried herb and pour
1 tbsp. boiled water and leave the mixture to infuse for 6-8 hours.
Consume 2 tbsp. l. 3-4 times a day.
Treatment of skin diseases: for skin diseases it will bring relief
violet oil that you can make yourself. For this
you need to mix 2 tbsp. l. dried flowers with 1 tsp. ivy budra
and add 150 ml of olive oil there. Boil the resulting mixture
15 minutes, cool, strain and put the container in the refrigerator.
Apply a napkin soaked in oil to sore skin.
If skin lesion malignantthen you need
soak the cloth or napkin applied to it with the infusion of flowers
pansies in vegetable oil prepared at a ratio
arrhythmias and atherosclerosis:
Violet tea should be consumed 2-3 times a day. For his
cooking, it is enough to pour a glass of boiling water into a bowl with 2 tbsp. l.
dried herb. One month after you start taking this drink
improvement in general condition will be noticeable.
The most popular treat is the candied pansy flowers.
They can be added to tea, to which they will give a unique aroma.
Also flowers are used for decorating cakes, salads. Very original
looks in jelly and goes well with yoghurts.
Pansy masks and lotions are very helpful in caring for
behind the skin. The chemicals in the plant help fight
with rashes, pimples, abrasions and scratches, moisturize the skin, make
its soft, smooth, eliminate flaking.
Violet tricolor extract is used in the manufacture of medicines,
improve heart function, lower heart rate, used
for the treatment of atherosclerosis, vascular diseases, dermatitis,
It is also used in the manufacture of cosmetic creams and masks,
moisturizing skin and hair.
Dangerous properties of pansies and contraindications
- Yellow flowers of pansies contain natural dye
E161 Violoxanthin, which is very harmful to the human body,
as it can cause damage to the gastrointestinal tract, various
reactions, inflammation of the mucous membrane.
- Treatment with a decoction of pansies is contraindicated
people with hepatitis
- Possible side effects: vomiting, rash, nausea.
Origin of the name
Pansies (lat. Víola tricolor) Is one of several
popular names of the flower, known in science as violet
tricolor… In various Slavic countries and their regions
people call it in their own way: viola, three-flower, Ivan da Marya,
brothers, brother-and-sister, but the most common remains
yet the name is Pansies.
This plant was introduced from Japan and Central China. Thanks to
the unusual color of the petals quickly gained popularity throughout
the world. Over time, its name has changed several times, that
found reflection in various historical and literary sources.
At the beginning of the XIX century in the magazine “Notes of a contemporary»Meets
translation from German, where the name of the flower sounds like “cheerful
eyes“. Also for a long time. for its designation used
the expression “trinity color”.
The name “Pansies“Was officially fixed
behind the tricolor violet in the Encyclopedic Dictionary, which was compiled
Russian scientists and writers in the period from 1861 to 1863.
It is believed that the fashion for pansies. appeared thanks to
to the work of L. Tolstoy “Anna Karenina“, In which the main
the heroine decorated her outfits and hairstyles with these flowers.
In addition to historical and literary sources telling about
the appearance of the flower and its name, there are legends transmitted
different nations from generation to generation.
According to ancient Greek and Roman mythologies, in pansies
were turned into curious mortals who spied on the bathing
goddesses of love, which symbolized curiosity, surprise, loyalty
In Old Russian literature, there are several legends concerning
pansies. According to the first, the heart of the beautiful Anyuta broke
cold-blooded seducer, and, unable to withstand such a blow, the girl
died. According to another version, the girl was forcibly separated from her lover,
forcing him to marry a rich bride, which is why Anyuta suddenly
passed away. And beautiful tricolor violets grew on her grave,
each color of which personified the feelings experienced by the poor girl:
hope, surprise, sadness.
Many countries have customs associated with this flower. In England,
to tell about their love, it was presented to lovers in
Valentine’s Day. Girls in Poland gave pansies to their
husbands or grooms before a long separation, which symbolized
loyalty and love. French romantics with their bouquet of these flowers
made it clear that they will always remember the one to whom it was presented.
The tricolor violet has another hybrid species known as
violet wittrockwith brighter color of petals
and their large size. There are many varieties of each of the two types,
and thanks to the work of breeders, new, more
colorful and sustainable. Violets grow in different climates
conditions on all continents, but prefer open or
slightly shaded and moderately humid area.
It is a herbaceous, terrestrial plant of the family Violet,
most often biennial or perennial, the height of which fluctuates
within 15-30 cm.Its shoots are straight or creeping,
the leaves have a rounded heart shape and slightly grooved edges. Flowers
solitary with bright petals of different colors.
A feature of these flowers is the abundant flowering of different varieties.
between April and September.
Peculiarities of growing
Pansies are propagated by seeds or green cuttings. To
flowers bloomed in early spring and should be planted in the preceding summer.
If you plant a plant in May, then it can bloom in the fall and outgrow,
which is highly undesirable, since a flower weakened by flowering can
not survive the winter. Also, do not plant pansies in the fall, they
will not have time to open up enough and will also perish. Need to find gold
the middle depending on climatic conditions.
The plant perfectly tolerates snowy winters. If precipitation fell
is small, and the air temperature is very low, then the seedlings need to be insulated.
Water stagnation during floods or melting is also detrimental to flowers.
Different varieties of pansies need to be planted at a distance from each
friend, since they pollinate very quickly, and the seeds are not obtained
pure-grade. Flowers need abundant watering and fertilizing.
Wild varieties can be found in parks, meadows, pastures, among
bushes on forest edges.
Collection and Procurement
For use in medicinal and cosmetic purposes it is used
the ground part of the flower. You need to cut it off during the period of abundant flowering.
or during the ripening of the buds. It is necessary to dry in the shade, avoiding
sun and wind, periodically turning the plant, for its uniform
drying. The resulting raw materials can be stored in a glass jar for
A step-by-step master class for making a headband with pansy flowers.