Proper care of phalaenopsis after the purchase plays an important role, because it depends on whether it will take root in the flower in the new conditions and whether it will bloom.
- Flower adaptation
- Initial measures
- Is it worth it to transplant
- Transplant procedure
- Creating a microclimate
- Lighting <
- Temperature <
- Watering <
- Conclusion <
After the purchase, the flower needs a period of adaptation. This is due to the fact that in store conditions the plant was created special microclimate significantly different from the home one.
When moving to home conditions, the microclimate changes dramatically, including:
- the temperature regime differs;
- decreases or rises humidity;
- the illumination changes.
All these changes affect the flower, and it takes time for the plant to adapt to the new microclimate.
During the adaptation period, phalaenopsis often drops buds and already blossoming inflorescences, the foliage turns yellow, withers and dries.
To accelerate hell It is recommended to create a birdhouse for phalaenopsis after purchasing quarantine, placing it far from other indoor plants. This will protect the remaining domestic flowers from possible pests and diseases.The adaptation period lasts 3 weeks.
After buying a phalaenopsis, he is looked after, starting with a series of measures, including:
- examination for pests and diseases, if symptoms are detected, treatment should begin after 2 weeks, during which the plant will be able to grow stronger in a new environment;
- analysis of the upper layer of the bark for the presence of white poisonous plaque on it, when it is detected, the affected bark is thrown out.
During the examination, the plants are not trimmed It was immediately faded and yellowed foliage because she can recover during the adaptation period. Immediately after acquisition, the flower is watered no more than once every 7 days; fertilizer complexes and growth-promoting preparations are not used.
Is it worth replanting
A flower transplant is necessary if:
- a plant has been planted in an unsuitable substrate that does not allow the phalaenopsis to provide the required humidity and flow to the roots of the air;
- the flower is in a ceramic pot without drainage and holes in the bottom, it is difficult to determine the degree of drying of the substrate and the need for watering through the opaque ceramic of the pot;
- in the pot directly under the roots a lump of sphagnum is placed, which acts as a growth stimulator and retains moisture, etc. a change in the microclimate, it often provokes rotting of the roots and the lower part of the stem;
- the potting capacity is small and turns over under the weight of the flower, and the substrate has almost completely replaced the roots;
- the roots have dried up or, on the contrary, have softened and began to rot .
Transplantation harms the phalaenopsis if:
- is carried out at the flowering stage,
- the plant has a healthy appearance, including an elastic green foliage, without black specks, aerial roots without damage and rot.
For a healthy flower, the transplant is postponed until the moment when rnevoy system appear green tips that denotes the end from Phalaenopsis adaptation period and the beginning of active growth in the new environment.
If phalaenopsis still needs to be transplanted after purchase, then a transparent potted container is selected, which is 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. The optimal substrate for phalaenopsis is a mixture of dry bark from pine or pine.
- get the flower, after mashing the substrate in it,
- orchid together soak with the remains of soil in warm water for 1 hour,
- rinse off the remains of the old substrate under running water,
- examine the root system for rotten and dead parts, while pressing the dead roots moisture comes out,
- the places of cuts should be treated with charcoal or cinnamon powder,
- leave the orchid to dry,
- at the bottom of the pot to fill the drainage mixture with expanded clay or river sand, place the flower in the center and fill it with soil,
- equip the peduncle for flower stalk.
After transplanting phalaenopsis, watering is stopped for several days.
Creating a microclimate
Creating a microclimate in the process of care requires proper lighting, regular watering and maintaining the required air temperature.
Immediately after the purchase, the phalaenopsis is protected from bright light, choosing a place in partial shade, but protected from drafts. At the end of the adaptation period, the window sill on the western or eastern side of the room is suitable for the flower.
The temperature regime is immediately set at 30-32 ° C in the summer , 15-17 ° C in the winter.
The humidity for orchids in the early days is maintained at 40-60%, increasing after adaptation to 70-80 % Freshly bought orchids are not sprayed. To create optimal humidity, the potted container is placed on a pallet with moistened pebbles or gravel.
Immediately after purchase for up to 10 days the plant is not watered so as not to lead to overflow, from which the orchid dies. Subsequently, they look after the orchid, pouring it with warm soft water and soaking a flower in it for half an hour. The over-dried flower will fully recover after the first watering.
If you look after the phalaenopsis correctly after in the store, it is possible to ensure the subsequent growth and development of the plant. At the initial adaptation stage in the process of care, it is important to create a suitable microclimate and not cause additional stress in the plant, protecting it from unnecessary manipulations.