Planting cucumbers under the film

Each gardener tries to get a plentiful early crop of vegetables, but not always climatic features of the region allow this to be done. To facilitate work and grow their favorite culture, farmers are developing original methods. How is the planting of cucumbers under the film? Let’s analyze the main points of the unusual agricultural method.

Contents
  1. Method description
  2. Land <
  3. How to plant
  4. Care
  5. Watering
  6. Fertilizer <
  7. Tillage
  8. Recommended varieties
  9. Emerald
  10. Crane <
  11. fontanelle <
  12. page <
  13. Competitor

Посадка огурцов под пленку

Planting cucumbers under the film

Description of the method

Fragrant vegetable is one of the most popular plants of domestic summer residents. suitable conditions are suitable for the normal development of culture, because India is considered to be the birthplace of cucumbers, with its abundance of sun and humidity. Yes, and modern man does not have much time, so many care procedures are tiring.

In conditions The climate of the Middle Band has to adapt to the requirements of the culture. Cucumbers prefer to be in the ground at a temperature not lower than 16 degrees. Growing in greenhouses is not always justified and expensive enough for a simple summer resident. The use of technology on polyethylene does not require significant financial investments, just one sleeve of the old agrofibre is enough.

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In addition to heat and humidity, plants need to be constantly formed and tied up.When planting cucumbers under the film, the weaving parts are located on the material and do not touch the ground. The abundance of moisture from the soil at low temperature is an excellent environment for the development of fungi, and in this way it is possible to protect the fruits, leaves from decay and facilitate care.

By the way, being on the warm surface of the agrofibre, Zelentsy sing two weeks earlier than their Ground Brothers. The crop is clearly visible, so it is easy to collect and control ripening. Seedlings do not need to be loosened and mulched, and weeds in technology play their part. Cucumbers under the film are not a whim, but a way to protect the plantings from possible troubles.

Plot

Preparation for growing a vegetable crop should begin in the fall. A well-lit place, not obscured by plants and farm buildings, is suitable. For the beds, leave a platform whose width is not less than 1.2 m.

The soil is carefully dug up, covered with plant residues. To do this, you can take fresh compost, tree branches or shavings. The raw materials are folded on the site with a thick layer, they are added dropwise and a bed is formed. Heat and nutrients will be released during the decay of materials.

When growing cucumbers on film, it is necessary to disinfect the earth from disease. In spring, the place is loosened and treated with a solution of copper sulfate. Sprinkle on top with any mineral fertilizer – nitrophos or ammophos. The soil should stand for at least three weeks, after which it can be planted.

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How to plant

Planting cucumbers in the open ground under the film has recently gained popularity among farmers in the suburbs. Cultivation is suitable for summer residents who cannot constantly be near plants. They dig holes in the bed, 20 cm deep and with intervals of 35. A nutrient pillow is placed at the bottom of the pits:

  • wood ash – 1 glass;
  • superphosphate – 1 tablespoon;
  • humus – a half-liter jar;
  • ammonium nitrate, potassium salt – 10 g each.

Fertilizers are mixed with loose soil, carefully watered the bed. Six seeds should be planted in each hole, crushed with soil, covered with polyethylene. Planting cucumbers on the film can be carried out both with transparent and black agrofabric. The edges are firmly fixed with bricks or boards.

Укрывной материал сохранит тепло и влагу

The covering material will retain heat and moisture

Under the cover material it will be constantly warm and humid. Plants are protected from temperature changes and you can not worry that the leaves are burned. Shoots appear a week after sowing. Using a sharp knife, make cross-shaped incisions in polyethylene and “let out” the plants into fresh air. Four strong seedlings are left in each hole, and the rest are pinched. As they grow, plants unwind across the film and completely cover it.

Care

When planting cucumbers on film, gardeners minimize their growing concerns. However, it is impossible to simply drop off and forget: each culture requires a little attention, therefore it is worth remembering some points. Subject to the recommended rules, the vegetable will appreciate a plentiful harvest.

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Watering

Growing early cucumbers on a film is an excellent option for busy gardeners. A moisture-loving plant is irrigated no more than once every 7-10 days. Even in the hot seasons, under the shelter, a microclimate natural for the culture is created, which will protect it from heat and drought.

A hole is cut in the polyethylene near the holes, where 1.5l plastic bottles without a bottom are inserted under a slight slope. It is easy to water and fertilize through containers. The water norm for each plant is from three to four liters.

For those who like to grow using the drip technology, we recommend bringing a small tube to the liana, through which then to supply the liquid. Remember that irrigation with cold moisture is prohibited. Farmers gather water in tanks and heat them under the sun.

Fertilizer

Cucumbers on a plastic film, like their counterparts in open ground, need additional nutrition. It is better to carry out the procedure every time after irrigation: the roots get drunk with moisture and do not suffer from the effects of chemicals. There are five required application steps.

  1. When 4 sheets appeared.25 g of potassium sulfate and superphosphate are diluted in a bucket of water, two tablespoons of ammonium nitrate are added.
  2. Before flowering. 500 ml of mullein and 15 g of nitrophoska are poured into ten liters of liquid. We recommend enriching the solution with boric acid and manganese sulfate.
  3. Before fruit formation. After 14 days, plants are fed with special preparations that are indicated when tying cucumbers.
  4. Foliar. For vines growing over polyethylene, it will be possible to spray with nutrient solutions. Processing on the sheet does not stay in the crop in the form of nitrates.
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By the way, by some signs, it is possible to determine the deficiency of one or another microelement. If the leaves of the lower row turn yellow, then most likely a deficiency of nitrogen. During potash starvation, the greens acquire a saturated color, and the plates become covered with a yellowish border.

Tillage

If sowing seeds or planting seedlings under cover material, the usual agricultural Events. Now you do not need hilling and you can forget about weeding. The fact is that weeds serve on cucumbers on film as “nannies”. Plants raise polyethylene and create additional heat for the vegetable crop.

The only thing worth watching is the state of the land. With increased humidity and increased decomposition of plant debris, fungi may appear.By the way, in order to prevent trouble, we recommend disinfecting the film with a solution in March:

  • water – 1 bucket;
  • formalin – 1 tablespoon;
  • karbofos – 15 g.

As a preventative measure, young plants and the ground next to them can be watered with liquid with ash and copper chloride. If an ailment is still affected by any seedling, then it must be uprooted. Symptoms of the disease are drooping leaves.

Recommended varieties

Нужно правильно выбрать сорт

You need to choose the right grade

It is better to choose cucumbers on a plastic film from strong hybrids. With high-quality seed, growing plants from seeds will be easy. Proven varieties must be planted in open ground and in a greenhouse.

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Emerald

A strong, self-pollinating variety of domestic selection that is resistant to all diseases that can be planted under a film. Whatever method you choose (seedlings or seeds), the seedlings are always friendly. The powerful mid-branched bush has racemose ovaries, forms 5-6 green leaves in a nodule.

With proper care of one plant, you can collect over 4 kilograms of vegetables. Fruits are cylindrical, covered with skin with light tubercles. Pleasant aroma and lack of bitterness allows you to use both fresh and canned.

Crane

If you want to grow on film, it is better to choose this variety. An early bee-pollinated hybrid ripens within 6.5 weeks, while 10 kilograms of fruit will be collected from each square meter. Zelentsy is characterized by pleasant crispy pulp, completely devoid of bitterness. It will be relevant in fresh slices and is suitable for making pickles, pickles.

It is better to plant a plant with seeds: seedlings have a strong immunity to powdery mildew, tobacco mosaic and peronosporosis. It is not difficult to grow a culture, because all care under polyethylene will consist of watering. By the way, the hybrid has a long stem, so you have to carefully lay the liana on the film.

Spring

A strong mid-branched cucumber of domestic selection forms three ovaries in each nodule. The total yield per square meter can reach 25 kg. A bee-pollinated plant bears fruiting 7 weeks after emergence. Planting crops is recommended both in the open ground and under the film.

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Cylindrical greenhouses grow to twelve centimeters. Fragrant pulp without bitterness and without voids is suitable for universal use. The hybrid is notable for its good resistance to all “cucumber” diseases.

Krinitsa

A bee-pollinated plant will delight gardeners with a crop after 45 days. A strong vine is recommended to be planted both under polyethylene and in open ground.An undemanding crop is not afraid of powdery mildew, excessive watering. You can plant it both from seedlings and seeds.

Gherkin-type fruits, grow no more than 10 cm in length. Bright green peel with light stripes covered with small tubercles. Zelentsy goes perfectly for salting, and will also become a delicious salad supplement.

Competitor

A bee-pollinated plant will be pleased with the harvest 1.5 months after emergence. kg of fruits. Resistant to powdery mildew and not afraid of excess moisture in the soil.

Zelentsy are covered with tuberous skin and grow up to 12 cm. A pleasant white pulp without voids and bitterness Hybrid is intended for universal use, therefore it will be relevant in salads, pickles and marinades.

Cultivation of cucumbers under the film is an unusual way to get tasty vegetables in any climatic conditions. If planted and worn properly, a plentiful harvest will be a gift for an attentive farmer. The recommendations provide all the subtleties of the original technology.

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Anna Evans

Author ✓ Farmer

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