Planting of garlic in different regions depends on climatic conditions in the regions and technology of care during the growing season. Knowing its biological specificity and storage rules allows you to get attractive bulbs and increase yield indicators.
- Varieties of garlic
- Garlic planting dates
- Pattern and depth of garlic planting
- Preparation before planting
- Planting garlic with air bulbs
Varieties of garlic
To grow the plant, use cloves of garlic. In one bulb of the plant there are about 8 pcs., but experts do not recommend using purchased garlic for storage for the winter, the germination rate is 15%.
Varieties of garlic are divided into 2 types: shoot and non-shoot. In the first version, an arrow comes out of the head of the plant, and an inflorescence is obtained from above. They ripen when their arrows and leaves turn yellow. Only winter varieties belong to it.
The non-Shooting type of garlic during the growth period has only leaves. Varieties related to this species can be spring and winter. If you grow garlic for long storage, plant winter: it is harvested in the fall. The teeth in the head are large and covered with purple skin. Varieties of winter garlic include:
All these varieties are suitable for the territories of the Saratov, Kaliningrad, Voronezh and Tver regions.
The spring variety has fewer teeth, and the core is in the center.
Garlic planting dates
Exactly observing crop planting dates helps to produce a plentiful crop. The landing time is chosen, taking into account the variety of culture. Winter species tolerates frosts well, it is planted in open ground in late autumn.
It is better to plant a crop deeply, then it tolerates frosts well. The spring plant, which will be used for the winter, is recommended to be planted no later than March 20-25. Landing time is also determined by the temperature of the earth.
If you are late with planting, the plant will not have time to take root and die. If the teeth are planted early, in the warm autumn they will germinate to frost, and this will reduce the plant’s resistance to frost
Planting of garlic is made in different regions, given the weather conditions:
- in Penza, Nizhny Novgorod , Kursk and Arkhangelsk regions – in early and mid-September;
- in Vladimir, Ulyanovsk, Volgograd, Samara regions – in late August;
- in the Krasnodar Territory, on the Black Sea coast of K avkaza, in the Caucasus a winter variety is planted from August to September;
- in the Rostov, Kirov, Orenburg and Pskov regions and in Volgograd – at the end of September.
In the northern regions garlic is planted on ridges in 3 lines, in the central strip and in the south – on a flat surface, with aisles – 45-50 cm.
Pattern and depth of planting of garlic
For growing crops, a two-line scheme for planting in open ground is used.This means that the plant is placed in a row 160 cm wide, the distance between rows is 10-15 cm, and between rows – 40-45 cm. For the culture to survive the winter, the distance between the teeth in the row should be 7-9 cm. For non-shooting – about 7 cm.
When planting, you can not push the teeth into the ground. They are laid out in a hole in an upright position. To determine the depth at which a crop is planted, consider the type of land:
- light sandy loam soil – 10 cm deep;
- clay soil – about 7 cm;
- chernozem – to a depth of 6-7 cm.
The beds are digging on the sunny side, orienting them from north to south. In breadth they are made up to 1 m, and in height – up to 30 cm. A week before planting, they dig the soil.
Preparation before planting
Choose the right garlic to start growing and prepare planting material. To do this, take apart the cloves and carefully examine them. The separation of the head into the teeth is carried out 4-5 days before planting in open ground. For cultivation, only the same ones are selected that do not have double or fused parts. A suitable tooth size is about 4 cm.
For disinfection and prevention of the teeth, before planting 30 min. incubated in a solution of copper sulfate. To do this, mix 10 g of the substance and 2 liters of water. For the processing of different varieties, different compositions are used:
- for spring varieties, garlic is infused for 24 hours in a nitroammophoska solution, mixing 1 tbsp. lsubstances and 4 liters of water;
- for winter varieties, the vegetable is soaked for 30 minutes. in saline (6 liters of water per 2 tbsp. l. substances) or 20 minutes – in copper.
A suitable soil for the culture is sandy or loamy soil enriched with nutrients with low acidity. To enrich the soil at the end of August, fertilizers are applied. To do this, mix 10 kg of humus, 1 tbsp. l superphosphate, 2 tbsp. ash and 2 tbsp. l potassium sulfate. After that, the soil is dug up 20 cm deep.
Good predecessors for garlic:
Garlic is not planted in the same place, returned to its former territory only after 5 years.
Planting garlic with air bulbs
For growing, use small bulb seeds obtained from the peduncle arrow 2 days before harvesting arrows cut, tied and left for a month under a canopy to get a set of seeds.
Landing it will yield crops in 2-3 years with air bulbs. Only specimens that are dried and stored at appropriate temperature conditions are used for planting. Thin film is removed from the bulbs and stored in the refrigerator for 30 days. To plant a healthy culture, small samples are kept in the refrigerator after exposure. thrown away. This type of planting is suitable for any region.
Do experts recommend planting the plant to a greater depth and in a place fertilized with organic? this leads to an active build-up of green mass and fruiting with soft and pimply bulbs. It is better to dig out winter garlic in the fall, when the lower part of the tops turned yellow.