Among species of orchids, phalaenopsis is more often transplanted. He opens buds most of the year. Transplanting orchids during flowering is a simple process. The main thing is to properly prepare the indoor flower for the procedure.
- Reason for transplant
- Pros and Cons
- Watering <
- Inspection and treatment of roots
- Soil preparation
- Pot selection
- Transplant technology
A flower is moved to another pot when the procedure is urgent and binding, it cannot be postponed until the flowering period will end, otherwise the plant will die.
It is recommended to transplant a blooming orchid if:
- after purchase, a pest and disease were found on the stem:
- root sprawl was noted, and they do not fit into the pot;
- there are places of decay on the root system;
- poor-quality soil was used;
- the leaves turned yellow and wilted;
- the roots have grown to the inner surface of the pot;
- the foliage greatly exceeds the volume of the pot.
Pros and Cons
When deciding to move a flower to a new pot, they remember the likelihood of negative consequences. They occur if the transplanting of a blooming orchid at home is not done according to the rules.
After the procedure, the phalaenopsis arrows fall off and the buds dry. Plants do not bloom in the coming spring. During this period, flowering is reduced. Phalaenopsis is weakened, growth and development stops.
Among the advantages of the procedure are:
- preservation of the affected plant;
- improved nutrition of the root system;
- active development of the stem;
- cessation of the spread of pests and diseases.
The basic rule before a successful transplant of orchids during flowering ー shorten flower stalks by 2-3 cm. This helps to redistribute nutrients from the top to the roots.
Roots develop quickly, adapt to new conditions oviyam. The release of the new flower stalk occurs earlier than without trimming the old.
Transplanting is easier if the flower is moistened before. The trunk is watered.
To carry out irrigation, take a dish larger than the pot. Warm water is poured there. Cure the flower for 50 minutes.
The work done allows minimizing damage to the root system. Be sure to carry out the procedure if the flower developed in a container of clay or other natural materials. Clay vases are broken and plastic glasses cut.
Inspection and treatment of roots
The root system is treated with care. Walkthrough:
- The roots are soaked. They are poured with clean water at a temperature of 36 ° C-38 ° C.
- They are pulled out of the container, washed thoroughly. Dry in the room for 7-8 hours.
- Rhizomes are inspected for damage. All black and rotten parts are removed with a sharpened knife or garden shears.
Previously, the cutting tools are sterilized. They are treated with powdered activated or charcoal. In the absence of a substance, disinfection is carried out with a usual pharmacy solution of brilliant green or cinnamon powder.
Preparation of the soil
The substrate can be purchased ready-made. It is chosen taking into account the type and age of the plant that they want to transplant.
Do-it-yourself soil at home will be economical and quality.Be sure to take into account the vital properties for the plant: high air permeability, average moisture retention.
Drainage is used for the lower layer. It is boiled, dried. Expanded clay does not fit: it enters into a chemical reaction with water, releasing toxic substances.
Use large-fraction coniferous bark, broken brick fragments, small gravel.
Orchid should be transplanted into the main substrate. It is prepared from:
- medium-sized parts of a pine bark from a dried tree;
- marsh moss (sphagnum);
- scales of pine cones.
Choosing a pot
A new vase for the plant is taken. Correctly choose a transparent glass, because the roots should see daylight. Of materials, plastic, glass is suitable.
Recommended to transplant an orchid during flowering in an elongated pot.
Often you need to transplant an orchid blooming due to sprawling roots. The length is selected so that the distance from the roots to the bottom of the vase is no more than 5-6 cm. A suitable diameter 3 is 3-3.5 cm wider than the previous pot. Such sizes will help to keep the root system from excessive growth.
10 minutes before transplanting into another pot, it is poured with boiling water and disinfected. A dark solution of potassium permanganate will do. The container is left to dry.
It is recommended to start transplanting a blooming orchid by placing a drain. It should not occupy more than ⅕ of the vessel. The main substrate is poured on top, filling the vase on <.
Next, you should carefully transplant the flower without injuring the root system. Pour the soil in small portions.
Using a wooden stick or fingers, fill the void between the roots. Small pieces of bark are poured on top.
At the end, the flower is moved to daylight. Direct sunlight should not fall on it.
Past for prison
Proper implementation of the transplant does not give the flower buds to reset after the procedure. regrowth of new arrows occurs in 2-3 months.
It is necessary to make an individual schedule of watering the plants, making fertilizing, spraying. It is important not to water the flower the first 3-4 days after transplanting.