Every farmer engaged in the sheep business must know how to properly make sheep skin. Nowadays, sheepskin is very popular, and especially the skin of Leroy. Dressing sheep’s skin at home is not an easy task, but nothing is impossible, and therefore everyone should try.
- Important points in preparation for dressing
- Soak the skin
- Coating of skins
- Pickling and washing the skins
- Tanning and fatliquoring step
- Drying the finished material
- Conclusion <
Important points in preparation for the dressing
The production of sheep skins should be carried out quickly, immediately after the death of the animal. Every minute they they lose their attractiveness, as a result of which the price of sheep’s skins drops several times, they process the skin in stages, namely:
- tanning and drying.
First you need to carefully look at the skin. If there are residues of fat, meat or tendons on it, they must be removed. You can use a knife for this. After that, it is required to clean the skins of various debris. After that, the skin of the sheepskin is folded in half and transferred to a cool place for several hours.
The skin may have a bad smell, it is necessary to get rid of it, because the cost of the skin of an animal depends on its flavor.
Soak the skin
How to make a sheep skin at home? The first stage begins with soaking. To do this, you need to prepare a very large capacity so that the skin completely fits into it. Each animal has its own dimensions, so you need to be prepared for everything. The skin should be soaked completely with saline, for the preparation of which you will need to take:
- furatsilin or formalin in the form of tablets;
- food salt;
2 tablets of furatsilin or 0.1 ml of formalin per 1 liter of water are used. If half a liter of water or more is used, the dosage must be reduced or increased. The salt is first boiled, and then added to the finished solution. She will need 30-50 g, she is thrown at her discretion. In order for the prepared solution to be disinfectant, vinegar, 5 g per 1 liter of water can be added to it. oak. Broth take 500 g per 10 liters. The duration of soaking the skins in the finished solution lasts 12 hours, no less. In order to understand that the skin of the sheepskin is ready for processing, you need to try to scrape its inner area a little. If this is easy, then you can start treating the skin at a new stage.
At this stage, the treatment consists of removing the remaining fat, fat and excess skin.In order to do everything right at home at this stage, animal skins are stretched. If farmers have been dressing at home for a long time, they probably have a special machine on which to stretch their skins without putting a lot of effort. If this is not the case, spread the skin on a flat surface.
When the lamb skin is already cooked and stretched, you can scrub it: in this way you can see the remains of fat and fat even in hard to reach places and quickly cope with these points. You can take a special metal scraper or knife and start scraping.
Be careful: the tools should not be too sharp: it is so easy to damage the skin. Squeezing is carried out from the bottom to the top, starting with the limbs and gradually moving to the neck.
Pickling and washing the skins
After the end of the freezing, they begin to wash. To do this, you need to prepare a solution and then put the skin in it. To prepare it, you will need 3 g of washing powder and 20 g of edible salt. These ingredients are dissolved in 1 liter of water. When the solution is ready, the skin is lowered into it for 5 minutes (no more), but so that it is completely covered with the solution.
After 5 minutes, the skin is stretched and processing continues. The skin of a sheep is twisted and given to the next stage. Sheepskin skins are processed to make the skin soft, beautiful and supple. This stage is called peking.For this stage, you must also prepare pre-boiled salt. Take 1 g of water 50 g of salt and 15 g of vinegar. Just like during the first stage, the skin should lie in the solution for at least 12 hours.
It must be understood that the skin has already been processed at this stage, so it is checked. Take the skin of a sheepskin, fold it in half and squeeze. After this, the material is spread back and see if there is a trace from the fold. If there is no strip, the work at this stage was successful, but if it remains somewhere, then they repeat everything anew.
The tanning and fatliquoring step of the material
Leather dressing It does not do without this stage: it provides the material with good quality at home. Sheepskin finishing technology aims to add sustainability to the material. A solution is also prepared for this. Take 50 g of edible salt and 6 g of chrome tanning agent and diluted in 1 liter of water. Sheep skin is placed in a container and completely covered with a solution. The material in the prepared solution should be throughout the day. The solution is sampled and heated from time to time so that it does not cool.
The fatliquoring process makes the skin of the sheepskin shiny. To start this step, you need to prepare a solution for which:
- 100 g of edible salt;
- 25 g of glycerin;
- 20 g of ammonia;
- 70 g of egg yolk.
With the prepared solution, grease the mezra and put the cooked material in such a way that it touches each other with the inside. As already mentioned, the skin of sheep has a bad smell, which also needs to be disposed of. Before fatliquoring, alum is added to the solution, they perfectly allow you to remove unpleasant aroma, as well as give elasticity and accelerate drying. In this way, the material is disinfected, various bacteria are cleaned.
Drying the finished material
After the sheep has started to produce material, the sheep owner must definitely dry it. But before you dry, you need to process the skin well: squeeze it. For drying, the sheepskin is removed into a heat chamber. The temperature must be within 40 ° C, then the curing and drying will be at the highest level.
If the skin is black, it must be removed and lightened. For this, hydrogen peroxide diluted in water is usually used. But basically, during all the procedures, the skin clarifies itself, as it is soaked in powder and vinegar.
How to make a sheep skin at home? Everything is very simple, the main thing is that there is a desire to learn. Basically, sheep skins are taken from young animals: they are much softer and easier to cheat.Also, if the skin has lost its color after all treatments, it can be bleached.
After the dressing is finished, the sheepskin material is used to prepare various things. Carpets are sewn of skins that can decorate any interior, and beautiful fur coats. In many countries, natural sheep skin is used in the form of various blankets and bedspreads. They are quite warm, so they can shelter a small child and, of course, newborn babies who will be very warm.
Almost always, sheep are used to later sell fur products. Dressing takes a little time – in a few days you can manage to process everything. How to make a sheep skin? Elementary! The main thing is to follow all the recommendations and correctly prepare all the necessary solutions.
How much one such skin will cost, directly depends on the finish, quality and size of the material, so dressing should be carried out in accordance with all the rules. When growing sheep, they should remember that they should also take care of the animal’s health: provide proper treatment on time, as well as feed and adhere to all necessary rules.